Computers and Alternative Communication Just Research Proposal

Pages: 5 (1530 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Communication

¶ … Computers and Alternative Communication

Just as technology has been able to make life easier and open up to more opportunities than ever before, technology has also enabled people with speech disorders to be able to communicate in ways that they ordinarily might not have been capable of. One's ability to communicate has an undeniable impact on one's ability to be independent. This modern era truly has the capability of providing people with speech disorders of all kinds with technological devices which can aid in their ability to be understood and to engage with others, opening the door for a truly higher quality of life. Devices like tablets and comparable items offer a greater degree of independence, speed and variety in communication that are generally harnessed with the technology.

The research in question will focus on determining the following: Does the level of computer skills enhance an individual's ability to effectively use Augmentative & Alternative Communication tools? In other words, the study will seek to asses if an individual's computer skills were existent prior to the event, along with the level of computer skills that the caregiver possessed, and if those skills enhanced the ability to successfully use specific high-tech AAC device(s) or software, such as iPad or comparable devices.

Literature Review

The current research on this proposed topic is promising and demonstrates the need for more research on the subject. For instance, the paper "Current and future AAC research considerations for adults with acquired cognitive and communication impairments" by Fried-Oken and colleagues, acknowledges how adults with difficulties communicating due to impairments which are secondary to things like stroke, brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases are ideal candidates for alternative interventions for communication support (2011). "Recent research proves repeatedly that augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) provides a means for participation, engagement, conversation, and message transfer when individuals can no longer expect full return of pre-morbid communication skills and that inclusion of communication supports should begin early" (Fried-Oken et al., 2011). These researchers use this paper as a means of describing where future research needs to go and the necessity of more intricate, integrated systems of technical supports that harness low-tech, high-tech and partner-based methods for adults with a range of communication issues, such as aphasia and cognitive-communication issues which manifest from brain injuries and other conditions (Fried-Oken, 2011). This research demonstrates without a doubt the need for more precise and highly-focused research like the study proposed here, which has a greater emphasis on the devices used.

Similarly, the honors thesis proposed by Singer to Ohio State, covers this same issue entirely in pa paper entitled, "Can an iPad app promote educational team communication and child use of pictures?" (2013) This paper examines a particular AAC known as Citra which uses image-based stimuli to help buttress communication and to link the caregiver team via a note-sharing feature (Singer, 2013). Thus, Singer designed a project which harnessed to modes to scrutinize the overall acceptance, use and success of a Citra iPad app with two pediatric participants who suffer from aggravated communication disorders. "First, each child's family and speech therapist completed four questionnaires across a 9-week interval to examine their perceptions of Citra's usefulness and the child's general experience with Citra. Second, in order to compare effects of digital vs. non-digital formats" (Singer, 2013). Ultimately, Singer found that there was no real difference in the use or acceptance between digital and non-digital AAC formats.

Yet another study, "High-tech AAC and aphasia: Widening horizons?" acknowledges how most patients with aphasia are trained to communicate with low-tech AAC tools to help them in communication (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2004). However, this researcher believes that the pillars which can impact success and failure of even these low tech gadgets need to be looked at when developing high-tech AAC gadgets. Thus, this study sought to assess all low and high tech apps for devices designed to support communication with aphasia. "Although there is a wealth of knowledge among therapists, there is very little research to support the efficacy of AAC techniques. Many authors stress the heterogeneity of the aphasic population, not only in the characteristics of the aphasia, but also in communicative abilities and needs, cognitive abilities, motivation, and social situation. Therefore, AAC devices should be individualized and 'tailor-made', taking advantage of residual language skills and communicative strengths" (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2004). One of the frequent issues that was unveiled in the course of this research was that AAC skills weren't used consistently enough and that the reasons for this were varied, such as lack of motivation, small vocabulary, not enough training or mental and linguistic obstacles and limitations (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2004). Ultimately what this has found to mean is that the technology is out there and has a tremendous amount to offer when it comes to aphasic communication, particularly for people who suffer from all forms of aphasia, along with those who aren't getting better or making progress with disorder-oriented therapy (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2004). This researcher urges for more time spent determining about AAC and aphasia with an emphasis on functional use to support and refine communication aid that are more user-friendly and can be adjusted to specific and individual needs.

The study "High-tech AAC and severe aphasia: Candidacy for TouchSpeak (TS)" by van de Sandt-Koendermann and colleagues acknowledges how communication aid are so wildly used for people with aphasia, but that there's still a lot about them that isn't well-known (2007). van de Sandt-Koendermann also discusses that while people generally aren't certain, there are various theories regarding the best use of AAC aids and how they can help supported deficits of cognitive functioning (2007). Thus, the objective of this study was to determine discover the trends connected with the functional success of TS in people suffering from aggravated forms of aphasia, with an emphasis on memory, executive functioning, and overall communication (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2007). This research team gathered a sample of 30 patients who all had previous training in using TS and examined how strong they were in those arenas. Ultimately it was found that, "Only a minority of patients with severe aphasia may be expected to become independent, flexible users of high-tech AAC. The finding that functional success was related to semantic processing is clinically important. Prospective studies are needed to support the predictive value of semantic processing for high-tech AAC use. The importance of intact executive functioning is not supported in this study" (van de Sandt-Koendermann, 2007). Thus, the researchers also concluded that deeper and more precise research needs to be conducted for the benefit of the entire field as a whole -- something which the proposed research study could capitalize on.

Finally, the last study examined for the purposes of this proposed research was "Oral reading for language in aphasia (ORLA): evaluating the efficacy of computer-delivered therapy in chronic nonfluent aphasia" by Cherney (2010). The overall objective of this study was to assess the success and effectiveness of a particular treatment for Aphasia known as Oral Reading for Language in Aphasia (ORLA). This treatment is given via a computer to individuals with aggravated nonfluent aphasia and juxtaposed for success with the same treatment given by a professional speech-language pathologist. "With ORLA, the person with aphasia systematically and repeatedly reads aloud sentences, first in unison and then independently. Following a no-treatment period, 25 individuals with chronic nonfluent aphasia were randomly assigned to receive 24 sessions of ORLA, 1-3 times per week, either by computer or by the SLP" (Cherney, 2010). Thus, this led Cherney to conclude that certain forms of ORLA could be effective for certain patients with degrees of aphasia and that it could be effective enough to be considered equivalent to the work of an SLP (2010).

Methods and Objectives

Of the proposed study, a sample group of 40… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?

Compare the Four Ordering Options

  1. 1.Buy this paper with your credit card or cash balance at PayPal.  Within 10 hours, we'll send the Microsoft Word file to the email address on your PayPal account.
  2. 2.Same as #1, but we will also remove the paper from our site for 30 days!
  3. 3.Need this paper immediately?  Want to individually download any of our 175,000+ exclusive, private, non-plagiarized papers for 30 days?  It takes only 2 minutes to subscribe and get instant access!
  4. 4.One of our highly experienced experts will write a brand new, 100% unique paper matching the exact specifications and topic that you provide!  You'll be the only person on the planet to receive the one-of-a-kind paper that we write for you!  Use code "Save10" to save 10% on your 1st order!

1.  Buy the full, 5-page paper:  $24.68

or

2.  Buy & remove for 30 days:  $38.47

or

3.  Monthly access to 175,000 papers

After paying, this link will download any paper(s).

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Communication Technologies Term Paper


Computer Surveillance Term Paper


Alternative Technologies Influencing the Telecommunication Market Term Paper


Apple Computer Overview and Historical Perspective Case Study


Computer / How Soon Till IT's Outdated Term Paper


View 997 other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Proposal:

APA Format

Computers and Alternative Communication Just.  (2013, November 25).  Retrieved December 13, 2018, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/computers-alternative-communication/9960503

MLA Format

"Computers and Alternative Communication Just."  25 November 2013.  Web.  13 December 2018. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/computers-alternative-communication/9960503>.

Chicago Format

"Computers and Alternative Communication Just."  Essaytown.com.  November 25, 2013.  Accessed December 13, 2018.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/computers-alternative-communication/9960503.