concise Analysis of Nicotine Replacement Essay

Pages: 3 (1335 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Health

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] ii. Use of Gum

A gum may be given as a fixed dose or used on an ad lib basis. Highly dependent smokers can use 4 mg gums. Those who have failed on 2 mg gums should also switch to 4 mg. It is not necessary that additional support be given during gum use. How effective NRT is as pertains to risk ratio seems to be independent of the magnitude of additional support given. While it is beneficial to provide more intense support to help increase the likelihood of a smoker stopping smoking, it isn't a necessity. It is however important to note that there might be more successes with NRT if intense behavioral support given was increased (Lindsay F. Stead, et al., 2012).

Chewing is effective because when chewing gum, nicotine is absorbed via the mouth's mucous membranes. Not a lot of nicotine makes it to the bloodstream when nicotine is swallowed. Swallowing can also result in gastrointestinal complications. Smokers have the choice of either a 2 mg strength or a 4 mg strength. The latter is targeted at those who smoke more than twenty five sticks a day. Patients should avoid acidic beverages like fruit juice, tea and coffee as they interfere with the absorption of nicotine (Mirken, 2016).

iii. Use of e-cigarettes

Health workers have previously been concerned that the rise in the use of e-cigarettes is possibly undermining quitting activities. Their concerns are unfounded, at least as per the results of the present study. What e-cigarette usage did was to reduce the number of those who sought NRT prescriptions. Were there a cause-effect relationship between use of e-cigarettes and smoking cessation, then a ten percent increase in e-cigarette uptake would result in a 0.58% change in successful cessation attempts, all other factors being constant. The rising popularity of e-cigarettes does not point to a corresponding rise in the number of people seeking to quit smoking. It could be that some smokers are skipping NRT prescription in favor of e-cigarettes (Emma Beard, Robert West, Susan Michie & Jamie Brown, 2016).

Researchers have reported that some e-cigarettes contain nicotine amounts different from what is indicated on the label. Further, some of the additives and flavors added have been found to be harmful. Only smokers or former smokers should use e-cigarettes and do so only to substitute conventional cigarettes or to guard against relapse (Farsalinos, 2014).

Conclusion

All NRT products that are available commercially such as nasal spray, sublingual tablets/lozenges, inhalers and transdermal patches; they can help smokers successfully quit smoking. Using NRT boosts the possibility of success by 50% to 70%. Given the fact that their effectiveness is not affected by the level of intensity of support given, they can be pretty effective. While it is still beneficial that support be given to the person using NRT, it isn't essential (Lindsay F. Stead, et al., 2012).

References

Bo Zhang, Joanna E. Cohen, Susan J. Bondy, & Peter Selby. (2014). Duration of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Use and Smoking Cessation: A Population-Based Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Epidemiology.

Emma Beard, Robert West, Susan Michie, & Jamie Brown. (2016). Association between electronic cigarette use and changes in quit attempts, success of quit attempts, use of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, and use of stop smoking services in England: time series analysis of population trends. BMJ.

Farsalinos, K. (2014). Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review. Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety, 67-86.

Kabay Silla, Emma Beard, & Lion Shahab. (2014). Nicotine replacement therapy use among smokers and ex-smokers: associated attitudes and beliefs: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health.

Lindsay F. Stead, Rafael Perera, Chris Bullen, David Mant, Jamie Boyce, Kate Cahill, & Tim Lancester. (2012). Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library.

Mirken, B. (2016). Nicotine Patches and Chewing Gum. Healthyday.

TyWanda Mclaurin-Jones, & Folasade Osagie. (2014). For pregnant patients who smoke, is… [END OF PREVIEW]

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