concise Analysis of Plato Essay

Pages: 7 (2187 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Philosophy

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] [footnoteRef:8] [8: Habib, Rafey. Identity and Difference: Plato and Aristotle on Democracy. Rutgers, 1998.]

Some of the arguments and criticisms made by Plato appear to be rational. However, upon closer evaluation, some that can be contented. One of the key aspects of Plato's argument is that democracy is unfair. This is because every individual is permitted to do as he desires and this gives rise in anarchy. Nonetheless, the idea that justice is associated to harmony is bizarre. In essence, justice encompasses what is deemed fair. However, it is not apparent that when Plato outlines the aspect of justice as harmony, whether he is speaking on justice. It is sensible to assert that justice is diligently linked to fairness. Nonetheless, it is plausible to think of an unfair harmony, too. Simply because a state is seeking a sense of balance, it does not imply that its leaders are reasonable or just. As a result, it appears that justice does not emanate from harmony and therefore it can be argued against Plato that democracy is not inherently unjust.[footnoteRef:9] [9: Scipii, Terikel. Plato on Democracy. The Red Lion Tavern. ]

A second principal dimension of Plato's critique of democracy that can be contended is his perception that democracy generated bad rule. Plato argues that the people, also referred as the demos, are significantly uneducated and their leaders dominate them. What is more, he outlines them as being short-sighted and illogical and as a result react to what they want rather than what they need. However, this argument fashioned by Plato against democracy is reliant on a fundamental assertion that people are uneducated and controlled by their desires. It can be contended that even with basic education, people cannot be equated to children that are unable to think rationally. Therefore, Plato's assertion that people are oblivious and ought not to be trusted with authority is not true. Secondly, even if people are not oblivious, it does not imply that they choose poor leaders or those that make poor decisions. In addition, it can also be argued that the practice of democracy is much better in comparison to the authoritarian government system recommended by Plato.5

In conclusion, the central points-of-view from Plato's criticism of democracy are all dependent on the existence of perfect knowledge. This necessitates the existence of a standard system of measuring or determining what is right. However, as indicated, it is improbable for there to be perfect knowledge. As a result, authoritarianism, which is recommended by Plato is intrinsically besotted with flaws. In the absence of a standard way of measure to offer guidance to an individual, there is no validation in granting power and authority to one person. Therefore, this means that even the philosophers, who are proposed by Plato, are not in any way better than the tyrant, with the exception that the philosopher considers that his actions are right for the state as a whole. Considering this, it is the intrinsic conflict and disharmony encompassed in democracy that makes it to be the most suitable form of government, as they are good foundations in the political formation of the state. The conflict precludes any one person from exercising too much authority, and necessitates a general agreement as to what is right when making decisions. As a result, the democratic state precludes the most horrible extremes of authoritarian rule and optimistically provides a process of development and a way of measuring this development.5

References

Bhandari, D. R. Plato's Concept of Justice: An Analysis. Boston University, 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Anci/Ancibhan.htm

Ferrari, Giovanni RF, and Tom Griffith. Plato: 'The Republic'. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Friedlander, Paul. Plato: An Introduction. Princeton University Press, 2015.

Frostburg. Plato: The Failure of Democracy, 2016. Retrieved from: http://faculty.frostburg.edu/phil/forum/Platorep.htm

Habib, Rafey. Identity and Difference: Plato and Aristotle on Democracy. Rutgers, 1998.

Scipii, Terikel. Plato on Democracy. The Red Lion Tavern, 2016. Retrieved from: http://medieval2.heavengames.com/cgi-bin/forums/display.cgi?action=ct&f=4,8356,1020,all

Sheppard, Darren J. Plato's Republic: An Edinburgh Philosophical Guide. Edinburgh University Press, 2009. [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?

Compare the Four Ordering Options

  1. 1.Buy this paper with your credit card or cash balance at PayPal.  Within 10 hours, we'll send the Microsoft Word file to the email address on your PayPal account.
  2. 2.Same as #1, but we will also remove the paper from our site for 30 days!
  3. 3.Need this paper immediately?  Want to individually download any of our 175,000+ exclusive, private, non-plagiarized papers for 30 days?  It takes only 2 minutes to subscribe and get instant access!
  4. 4.One of our highly experienced experts will write a brand new, 100% unique paper matching the exact specifications and topic that you provide!  You'll be the only person on the planet to receive the one-of-a-kind paper that we write for you!  Use code "Save10" to save 10% on your 1st order!

1.  Buy the full, 7-page paper:  $24.68

or

2.  Buy & remove for 30 days:  $38.47

or

3.  Monthly access to 175,000 papers

After paying, this link will download any paper(s).

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Plato Phaedo Term Paper


Plato and Hobbes on Justice Term Paper


Global Governance Essay


Home Midterm ECO54 Spring 2008 Summarize Research Paper


Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper


View 28 other related papers  >>

Cite This Essay:

APA Format

concise Analysis of Plato.  (2016, November 2).  Retrieved December 17, 2018, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/concise-analysis-plato/6437525

MLA Format

" concise Analysis of Plato."  2 November 2016.  Web.  17 December 2018. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/concise-analysis-plato/6437525>.

Chicago Format

" concise Analysis of Plato."  Essaytown.com.  November 2, 2016.  Accessed December 17, 2018.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/concise-analysis-plato/6437525.