Conflict/Crime Control Model Essay

Pages: 4 (1462 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice


It would be simplistic to suggest that there is a difference between federal application and state and local application of these policies. There is, but federal differences are also going to reflect regional differences, as members of the federal criminal justice system are also influenced by their local areas. A more salient question may be to ask about different state and local application of the policies. For example, the death penalty, which firmly falls in line with the Crime Control Model, is not even an option in many states, while some states, such as Texas and California, are well-known for the large number of people on their death rows and their high numbers of executions. Not surprisingly, these high death-penalty states are also plagued by concerns about actual innocence claims by people in their criminal justice systems. More interesting, micro analysis has shown death-penalty prosecutions to vary by county or parish, not simply by state. This is an indication that there is a difference in how crime is approached, depending on local area. However, while the federal government has historically been required to observe greater due process than state or local governments, the 14th Amendment has been interpreted to require the same level of process at state and federal levels, suggesting that such differences are not only less existent now than in the past, but also that the differences in the two systems should continue to decline.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Conflict/Crime Control Model vs. The Assignment

My opinion of the two policies is complicated. I do not wholly advocate either of the policies. For example, I believe in Due Process and the notion that our criminal justice system is a sham if we convict innocent people of a crime, even if that means letting guilty people go because of evidentiary or due process standards. On the other hand, I believe in the death penalty for those convicted under a true due process standard. I also believe in aggressive crime control tactics; even those tactics would not necessarily result in evidence that could be used to support a criminal conviction. I believe that the war on drugs has complicated this issue where it is difficult to even begin to assess whether there can be consensus on what crimes should be punished at higher rates, since a first-time murderer is likely to receive a less substantial sentence than a third-time drug offender in many jurisdictions. I believe that reflects a top-down strategy, meant not only to control crime but also reinforce existing social status and norms, but those issues are somewhat outside of the concern of this essay.

Looking at the American criminal justice system, one can use actual statistics to address the success or failure of each approach. Under the Crime Control Model, one can compare crime rates, conviction rates, and sentences to determine whether or not the criminal justice system is aggressively preventing crime, finding criminals, and punishing them for their misdeeds. Likewise, under the Due Process Model, one can look at the rates of erroneous convictions and verified claims of actual innocence to determine the real life frequency of failure of the Due Process system. Moreover, while it may seem that these statistics are inherently at odds, they are not. The arrest, conviction, and punishment of someone who was not the actual offender is unlikely to result in a downward drop in the overall crime rate. Therefore, the systems may be more compatible than is commonly assumed; however, the time and money required to reconcile the two approaches may make it unrealistic to assume they can be reconciled.


Packer, H. (1968). Two models of the criminal process. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from Sacramento State College of Health and Human Services website:

Perron, B. (Unk.). The crime controls and due process models. Retrieved May 18, 2012 from The criminal defense investigation training counsel website: [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Conflict/Crime Control Model" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Conflict/Crime Control Model.  (2012, May 19).  Retrieved December 6, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Conflict/Crime Control Model."  19 May 2012.  Web.  6 December 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Conflict/Crime Control Model."  May 19, 2012.  Accessed December 6, 2021.