Essay: Confucianism in East Asian

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[. . .] In China Japan and Korea the state organized education systems in order to transmit knowledge that was based on neo-Confucian orthodoxy as well as the subsequent recruitment of government services of those that had mastered neo-Confucian classics. Confucians held the belief that there was a body of absolute truths that combined principles alongside cosmological laws and this body of knowledge was understood and written down by Confucian sages. This scholastic belief within a body of truths gave energy to a direction towards mastering classical writing as well as standard interpretations.

Filial piety, Humaneness

Attributes of Confucianism such as filial piety and patriarchal authority are identifiable broadly within characteristics of Confucian political and social relations that are sustained within extended family like termed as network institutionalism. These generate mutual obligation, dependence and reciprocity as well as strictly hierarchical social relations in accordance to age, status and gender.

Humanness

The Last train home is a documentary that follows family struggles with social and economic change taking place in China. A lot of things come into ones mind when watching this documentary, a Confucian analysis that draws on Mencius and his emphasis on the provision of material subsistence to farmers in order for them to live dignified lives with their families is what came into mind (American Documentary, 2014).There is also little dignity for everyone that is in this film and they have all been broken down and alienated by the impersonal forces of modernization. The documentary decries the fast erosion of the humanness that was in the society with each person concentrating on what benefits them alone, humanness has given way to egocentrism.

Filial Piety

Confucianism places a lot of weight on familial relationships well as the respect for parents and elders the virtue of filial piety or devotion to ones family. Apart from the creation of harmony within a family this virtue is considered essential when it comes to preparation of children for conducting themselves respectfully in their every day lives. In 1950s and 1960s as other western nations were busy in their establishment as world super powers, some scholars attributed the comparative failure of China to the development of its economy to Confucianism. Government officials in China viewed selfless ideas of Confucianism as being incompatible with selfish nature that was required to succeed in any business. Suddenly Confucianism is seen not to be a barrier to success but the force that is behind success. Today a pressing issue is challenges faced by working families that are divided due to migration in a country that is bound by blood ties the impediments imposed by long distance relationships can lead to families being seen as insidious (Kyungjae, 2011).

The film maker says that its true Confucian virtue of final piety has played a big role in Chinese lives. Being away from ones family has never in any way encouraged any traditional values. Now the ever changing society has shifted to a more judgmental and bettering an individual's material life. However this does not mean that the Chinese are now completely losing their traditional values. For instance in the film, parents worked away from home but they would send their savings to their children and parents. Even though life has transformed along economic changes, deep values in the society still remain intact filial piety being one of the surviving ones (American Documentary, 2014).

The importance of Confucianism as a major reference for the understanding of East Asia has gone over the dominant Western Discourse on how East Asia rose. When it comes to the political economic field .Confucianism was first thought to be an inhibitor to development by Western theoreticians but was afterwards seen to be encouraging it.

References

American Documentary, Inc.(2014). Last Train Home' in Context. Retrieved February 18, 2014 fromhttp://www.pbs.org/pov/lasttrainhome/photo_gallery_background.php?photo=5#.UwO-iMuLrFw

Cartwright, M.(2012). Confucius. . Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.ancient.eu.com/Confucius/

Jeffrey L.R., (2013).Confucius in East Asia: Confucianism's History in China, Korea, Japan, and Viet Nam. Association for Asian Studies.

Kim, T.(2009). Confucianism, Modernities and Knowledge: China, South Korea and Japan.Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.academia.edu/901308/Confucianism_Modernities_and_Knowledge_China_South_Korea_and_Japan

Kyungjae, H.(2011). Confucianism: Its History and Social Impact in Pre-Modern Asia

Tracing its development and mutual interaction with society. Retrieved February 18, 2014 from http://www.zum.de/whkmla/sp/1112/forsaken/hkj1.html [END OF PREVIEW]

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