Research Paper: Construction Project Risk Management

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Construction Project Risk Management

The nature of the construction market

The nature of the construction tasks makes the sector one-of-a-kind because the production centers or plants mostly need to relocate to the construction website (Chapman, 2001). There are lots of various descriptions of the construction sector, drawn from various expert disciplines. This ambiguity is compounded by the truth that the construction industry includes such a large array of tasks that the sector's exterior borders are likewise confusing (Baloi and Price, 2003). For instance, the term "construction" can consist of the erection, repair work, and demolition of things as varied as residences, workplaces, forms, dams ... And so on. Construction is tough to understand totally due to the fact that the relationships in between the components are not constantly clear and the limits of the market could be distinguished as:

Fragmented

Vulnerable to financial cycles

Having a phenomenal variety of careers, experts and providers

Mostly have an effect by exterior environments

There is no other sector that needs the appropriate application of company practices as strictly as the construction sector. The innumerable amounts of variables and complicated associations that surface in between these variables have to be thought about in the procedure of constructing a construction project and thus require sound company practices and choices. The synchronization and use of lots of assortments of labor abilities, products and devices that are made use of to construct a project are aspects that need everyday application of appropriate company practices (Bender and Ayyub, 2001). The changeable environment bordering the construction project complex choices is made worse by the troubles of using human labor, products and devices. In addition, governmental impact and labor trainings have an influence on company choices that need to be made (Bender and Ayyub, 2001).

The construction market usually has a bad credibility for its work. The market has a credibility for time and expense overruns. This bad track record is because of numerous reasons. Among them is that the construction sector is among riskiest of all company kinds (Bender and Ayyub, 2001). There are lots of sorts of threat in the construction agreements; some of them are:.

Physical works

Delay and conflicts

Direction and guidance

Harm and grievances to individuals and assets

External aspects

Payment

Law and arbitration

Risk management requirements of a construction project/sub-project

Risk management might be called "an organized method of looking at locations of threat and purposely figuring out how each ought to be dealt with. It is a management device that intends at determining sources of danger and unpredictability, identifying their effect, and establishing suitable management feedbacks" (Uher, 2003). A methodical procedure of risk management has actually been divided into threat category, threat recognition, danger analysis and danger feedback, where threat feedback has actually been additionally divided into 4 activities, i.e. retention, decrease, transfer and avoidance (Berkeley et al., 1991; Flanagan and Norman, 1993). An efficient risk management technique can assist to comprehend not just exactly what kinds of dangers are dealt with, however likewise it helps to figure out ways to handle these threats in various stages of a venture. Owing to its enhancing significance, risk management has actually been acknowledged as a requirement in a lot of sectors today, and a set of methods have actually been established to manage the impacts brought by prospective dangers (Schuyler, 2001; Baker and Reid, 2005).

Compared to lots of various other sectors, the construction market undergoes more threats due to the one-of-a-kind functions of construction tasks, such as extended period, complex procedures, awful environment, monetary intensity and dynamic company frameworks (Smith, 2003). For this reason, taking efficient risk management methods to handle dangers connected with changeable construction tasks has actually never ever been more crucial for the effective distribution and completion of a construction project.

Previous research has actually primarily concentrated on analyzing the effects of threats on one facet of project methods with regard to expense (Chen et al., 2000), time (Shen, 1997) and security (Tam et al., 2004). Some analysts explored risk management for construction jobs in the realm of a specific project stage, such as conceptual/feasibility stage (Uher and Toakley, 1999), design stage (Chapman, 2001), construction stage (Abdou, 1996), instead of from the viewpoint of a project life cycle. In addition, little research has actually probed dangers from the point-of-views of project investors or stakeholders. As component of a much bigger project intending to articulate and handle essential dangers connected with construction tasks, this paper provides the outcomes of a questionnaire study and looks for to determine the prospective crucial dangers from the point-of-views of stakeholders and project life cycle.

Risk details and information collection

Substantive research has actually been finished within the sphere of risk management for construction jobs, a substantial result of which is the recognition of lots of dangers that might affect the construction project shipment. Chen et al. (2004) put forth a total of fifteen dangers that could surface in project expense and divided them into 3 teams: resources elements, management elements and parent elements. With a case history on the West Rail Project of Hong Kong, Chen discovered that "cost increase of product" relating to resource elements, "incorrect expense spending plan" and "provider or subcontractors' default" relating to management elements, and "extreme user interface on project management" relating to parent elements are the most considerable dangers in this specific project. Summing up various other analysts' work, Shen (1997) determined 8 significant threats accounting for project delay and listed them based upon a questionnaire study with market specialists. Shen likewise proposed risk management activities to handle these dangers and verified their efficiency with specific interview studies.

Data collection

The research method picked for this risk management project made up a detailed literature testimonial, a postal survey to the construction market specialists and an analytical analysis of the study information.

The survey included 2 areas. Area 1 got general details about the participants. Area 2 held a total amount of 88 threats connected with construction jobs and asked participants to assess and suggest the probability of the incident of these dangers as extremely most likely, most likely or less most likely and the level of affect on each project goal that would lead to as high, medium or reduced. These dangers were generally sourced from Ahmed et al. (1999), Chapman (2001) and Wang and Liu (2004) and to the very best of the authors' understanding, were put into 9 groups, with 8 threats associated with customers, 8 associated with designers, 40 connected to specialists, 6 associated with subcontractors/suppliers, 5 connected to government bodies, 5 connected to superintendents, 16 connected to exterior institutions or investors (i.e. financial situation, physical working environment and social environment).

Risk recognition

Common Risks on a Construction Project

Occurrence of mishaps to operatives on construction sites triggering physical injury

Failure to finish within the stated design and construction time

Failure to get the anticipated overview planning, in-depth planning or structure code/regulation approvals within the time allowed for the design program

Unforeseen unfavorable ground conditions postponing the project

Unexpected increases for labor and products

Compel majeure

Failure to finish the project within the customer's spending plan allowance

Loss of the service provider triggered by the late manufacturing (Flanagan & Norman, 1993)

It is necessary to differentiate the sources of threat from their results. Eventually, all danger that comes across on a project is associated with several of the following aspects (Flanagan & Norman, 1993):

Unable to stay within the expense budget/conjecture/guesstimate / proposal

Unable to stay inside the time specified for the authorization, plan, construction and occupancy

Unable to satisfy the needed technical criteria for quality, features, physical fitness for function, security and environment conservation

The impact of unfavorable occasions will result in monetary loss. The job of expert consultants, professionals and providers is to recognize the discrete resources of threat which potentially could lead to failure, and to establish a risk management method that offers the most proper companies to hold that danger (Flanagan & Norman, 1993).

Risk analysis

Tam et al. (2004) carried out a study to analyze the aspects of inadequate construction security management in China and as an outcome, determined the major elements impacting security efficiency inclusive of aspects like "bad security awareness of finish management," "absence of training," "inadequate security awareness of project managers," "hesitation to input resources to security" and "careless operation."

While the above research studied the varied threats affecting the project goals in regards to expense, time and security, various other researches over the years have analyzed the threats or risk management in various stages of a project. Uher and Toakley (1999) examined different architectural and cultural aspects interested in the execution of risk management in the visionary stage of a project life cycle and discovered that while a lot of sector professionals recognized the importance of risk management, its application in the visionary stage was reasonably reduced; qualitative as opposed to quantitative analysis approaches were usually made use of; extensive adoption of risk management was restrained by a… [END OF PREVIEW]

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