Corrections Principal Directorates of Department Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1465 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Business - Management

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[. . .] After evaluating the information that is available, the Secretary of Homeland Security decides, together with other Federal entities, whether an NTAS Alert should be issued or not (NTAS Public Guide, 2011).

NTAS Alerts will only be issued when reliable information is available. These alerts will comprise a clear declaration that there is an imminent threat or elevated threat. "Using available information, the alerts will offer a concise summary of the potential threat, information about actions being taken to make sure of public safety, and recommended steps that people, communities, businesses and governments can take to assist in preventing, mitigating or responding to the threat" (NTAS Public Guide, 2011).

"The NTAS Alerts will be based on the nature of the threat. In some cases, alerts will be sent directly to law enforcement or affected areas of the private sector, while in others, alerts will be broadcast more broadly to the American people through both official and media channels" (NTAS Public Guide, 2011). NTAS Alerts will contain a sunset provision that designates an exact date when the alert will end. There will not longer be a continuous NTAS Alert or comprehensive caution that there is an overarching threat. If threat information changes for an alert, the Secretary of Homeland Security may put out an updated NTAS Alert. All changes, including the declaration that cancels an NTAS Alert, will be dispersed the same way as the original alert (NTAS Public Guide, 2011).

Part 2

Emergency preparedness strengthens the nation's ability to prevent, protect, respond to and recover from a natural disaster, terrorist attack or other man-made disaster. FEMA, which is a component in DHS, is the federal agency that is responsible for leading the nation's preparedness activities. In the wake of the problems that marked the response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Congress passed the Post Katrina Act in October 2006. The act strengthened FEMA's role within DHS and defined FEMA's primary mission to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters by leading and supporting the nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery and mitigation. The act required FEMA to establish a national preparedness system for ensuring that the nation has the ability to deal with all hazards, including those incidents with catastrophic consequences. Among other things, the act directs FEMA to provide funding, training, exercises, technical assistance, planning and other assistance to build tribal, local, state, regional and national capabilities necessary to respond to any type of disaster. It also requires FEMA to develop and coordinate the implementation of a risk-based all-hazards strategy for preparedness that builds those common capabilities necessary to any type of disaster, while also building the unique capabilities necessary to respond to specific types of incidents that pose the greatest risk to the United States (National Preparedness, 2009).

FEMA's National Preparedness Directorate has primary reasonability for carrying out the key elements of the national preparedness system, in coordination with other federal, state, local, trial, nonprofit and private sector organizations. The directorate includes the National Integration Center and the Office of Preparedness Policy, Planning and Analysis. The National Preparedness Directorate and FEMA's Disaster Operations Directorate share responsibility for ensuring plans that describe roles and responsibilities are developed (National Preparedness, 2009).

Because of the requirements that Congress has put on the FEMA agency it has become very important to securing the nation. This agency must put together a plan that will help prevent and react to any disaster that might take place. It has been seen in past disasters in this country that as a whole we were not prepared for something really big to happen. Hoping the new direction of FEMA will ensure better things in the future.

References

About the Directorate for Management. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0096.shtm

About the Science and Technology Directorate. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0530.shtmUnited States Department of Border and Transportation Security. (2010). Retrieved from http://homelandsecurity.uslegal.com/department-of-homeland-security/components-

of-the-department-of-homeland-security/border-and-transportation-security/

Department of Homeland Security. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.gov.com/agency/dhs/

Homeland Security. (2012). Retreived from http://www.answers.com/topic/homeland-security

National Preparedness. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09369.pdf

NTAS Public Guide. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/files/publications/ntas-public-guide.shtm [end of preview; READ MORE]

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