Term Paper: Counselling Theories Postmodern and Family

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[. . .] The relationships include those of family members, friends, neighbors, cultures, workplaces, schools, and others that may occur with larger systems of language, gender, nationality or religion.

Postmodern Counseling Theory

Postmodern counselors suggest that it is hard, and at times impossible to establish the nature of healthy psychology, particularly because there is no measurement of mental health. In addition, postmodern approaches have several origins. In the postmodern context, whereby there are several themes such as art, architecture, and music, "deconstruction" is central in all themes. It means to regard the "givens," which most are taken for granted as correct, and keenly examining the usefulness from the addicts perspective. Prior studies suggest that many actors often question the idea of transference.

The argument question is appropriate for helping clients (addicts), and attempt to reduce the inevitable authority bestowed to the counselor by the addict who comes by in an effort to seek professional assistance (Grubler and Taylor, 2006). In the same context, postmodern therapy's main objective is "deconstruction." In this manner, the counselor aims to change the addict's common beliefs concerning drugs, and assess its value in the addict's life. Moreover, the relationship exhibited between the addict and the potential counselor is collaborative, whereby the two work together with one agenda.

Owing to this relationship, there is potential positive change, which comes in because the two take part in open and honest conversations. The three major types of postmodern therapy include narrative therapy, solution-focused therapy, and collaborative language systems. The narrative therapy assesses the addict's thoughts and habits central to the culture. The solution-focused therapy focuses on emergent solutions to the addict's problems rather than evaluating the origin of the addiction problem. The collaborative language systems focus on solving problems through having open conversations and working together (Mott and Gysin, 2008).

Conclusion

Prior studies reveal that drug addiction is a complex topic, which has resulted to the many scientific studies. The studies have not made the topic easy because all the studies end up providing similar conclusions on the complexity of the issue. Its complexity has also resulted to the lack of an agreed definition of "addiction." In addition, all the postulated definitions present addiction negatively. The definitions suggest that addiction is a spiritual, behavioral and psychological illness. Although there are many theories and approaches to addiction, they do not provide substantial information, and this has made family therapy the main intervention.

In the same context, family systems theory postulates that addiction develops during the adolescent stage owing to fear and separation in a family. The theory further suggests that addiction can help maintain the family, or separate the addict from the family. On the other hand, postmodern theory suggests that addiction becomes a family problem owing to the agreement reached by the family via language. Nevertheless, the problem of addiction serves the purpose of organizing the family, whereby, addiction influences every family member, and subsequently mobilizes them to provide an intervention for the same.

In counseling addicts, family systems theory suggests that it is possible to change the habit after evaluation of the addict's family. Owing to the high interaction between the family members, counselors will aim at changing the system to potentially influence the other family members, and change the addict. On the other hand, postmodern counselors suggest that it is hard to measure mental health. However, the theme of "deconstruction," has the capacity to change an addict's beliefs, in regards to drugs, and evaluating the value of the drugs in the addict's life.

References

Caldwell, K., & Claxton, C. (2010). Teaching Family Systems Theory: A Developmental-

Constructivist Perspective. Contemporary Family Therapy, 32(1), 3-21.

Gruber, K.J., & Taylor, M.F. (2006). A Family Perspective for Substance Abuse: Implications

from the Literature. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 6(1), 1 -- 29.

Jackson, D., Usher, K., & O'Brien, L. (2006). Fractured Families: Parental Perspectives of the Effects of Adolescent Drug Abuse and Family Life. Contemporary Nurse. Special Issue: Advances in Contemporary Community & Family Health Care, 23(2), 321-330.

Mott, S., & Gysin, T. (2008). Post-modern ideas in substance abuse treatment. Journal of Social

Work Practice in the Addictions, 3(3), 3-19.

Sremac, S. (2010). Addiction, narrative and spirituality: Theoretical-methodological approaches and overview. Primljen, 29(7), 255-273. Retrieved from http://instifdt.bg.ac.rs/crs/tekstovi/clanci/Addiction,%20narrative%20and%20spirituality.pdf

Russo, M.F., & Kemmerer, A.H. (2006). The Paradigm Shift to Post-Modern Theory in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Are We Throwing out the Babies with the Bathwater? Journal of evolutionary psychology, 29(1-2), 34-40.

Tafa, M., & Baiocco, R. (2009).… [END OF PREVIEW]

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