Essay: Crime and the Criminal Justice Field

Pages: 4 (1436 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] This study provides important information regarding victims, which is utilized to shape the fight against crime.

Theories of Crime

The criminal justice field is characterized by the development of several strategies to reduce crime and enhance the effectiveness of this field in dealing with crime. Crime-reduction strategies are based on various explanations and approaches including biological, social, and psychological perspectives. These perspectives have contributed to the establishment of several theories of crime, which form the basis of explanations of crime and development of crime-reduction measures.

One of these theories of crime is the Deterrence Theory, which postulates that potential criminals can be prevented from engaging in crime through increasing the threat of arrest and punishment. This theory suggests that we can lessen crime through enhancing the threat of arrest and punishment, which acts as a deterrent to crime. The second is Rational Choice Theory, which postulates that people decide to engage in criminal activities through careful evaluation of the probable rewards and risks (Walters, 2015). It suggests that we can lessen crime through creating conditions where the potential risks of such risks far outweigh the rewards. The third theory is Self-Control Theory, which states that lack of self-control is the root cause of all kinds of crime. Therefore, the creation of systems that enhance individual self-control is an important aspect towards lessening crime.

In conclusion, the criminal justice field is characterized by various theories that explain crime and measures that can be utilized to fight crime. Some of the most common theories of crime include Deterrence Theory, Self-Control Theory, and Rational Choice Theory. These theories provide different explanations on crime and crime reduction since they are based on different perspectives. As a result, they are utilized in different ways in the criminal justice field to help prevent and reduce crime.

Types/Areas of Corrections

One of the crucial components of the criminal justice system is corrections system, which is utilized imprison offenders. Despite the existence of different kinds of corrections areas and facilities, the two most commonly known areas are prisons and jails. Some people utilize these words interchangeably though there are significantly different. This paper not only seeks to highlight the difference between prisons and jails but also discusses the various types/areas of corrections and their effectiveness.

The first type of corrections is prisons, which are utilized to house criminals found guilty of misdemeanors and sentenced to a minimum of one year imprisonment. There are three kinds of prisons i.e. minimum-security prisons, medium-security prisons, and maximum-security prisons. Minimum-security prisons house inmates such as property and drug criminals who are regarded as least dangerous and serving the shortest sentences whereas medium-security prisons house inmates regarded as less dangerous as compared to those in maximum-security prisons. Maximum-security prisons hold inmates who are regarded to be the most dangerous and violent when in the community. The second type of corrections is jails, which holds different kinds of criminals and individuals for various kinds of crimes including those who are awaiting trial or convicted of felonies. Prisons are the most effective areas of corrections since they provide suitable and proportionate punishment to offenders for their crimes. In addition, prisons incorporate other programs like vocational programs to help offenders. However, jails are least effective since they are usually overcrowded and dilapidated (Mizrahi & Davis, 2008). Jails do not have additional vocational, drug treatment, and educational programs to help inmates.

In conclusion, prisons and jails are the two most common areas of corrections that are used to house different kinds of offenders. Prisons are divided into three i.e. i.e. minimum-security prisons, medium-security prisons, and maximum-security prisons. While prisons and jails are sometimes used interchangeably, they are significantly different. In light of their conditions and programs, prisons are the most effective correction facilities while jails are the least effective.

References

Barkan, S.E. (2014). Myths and realities of crime and justice (2nd ed.).  [Chegg]. Retrieved from https://ereader.chegg.com/#/books/9781284084672/

Mizrahi, T. & Davis, L. (2008). The Encyclopedia of social work: 4 volume set (20th ed.). Washington, DC: NASW Press.

Turvey, B.E. (2013). Forensic victimology: examining violent crime victims in investigative and legal contexts (2nd ed.). Waltham, MA: Elsevier Inc.

Walters, G.D. (2015, April 6). The Decision to Commit Crime: Rational or Nonrational? Criminology, Criminal Justice Law & Society,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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