Criminal Behavior Term Paper

Pages: 3 (878 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

Economic Effects of Crime in the United States

Criminal enterprises and conduct vary substantially, ranging from low-level, street" crimes against persons, primarily for the tangible property in their possession, to sophisticated, "white collar" crimes perpetrated against large corporations or even against entire industries.

The direct economic impact of criminal activity are those born by its victims, represented by the material value of stolen property, and the cost of repairing the physical damage or destruction of property caused by the methods used to effectuate the crime.

The indirect economic impact of criminal activity are those born by private entities, necessary to prevent and insure against it, as well as the those born by society collectively, to prevent and deter criminal activity, and to apprehend, prosecute, and incarcerate criminal perpetrators.

Street Crime and Property Crime:

The United States Department of Justice (U.S. DOJ) defines violent crimes as those involving either the actual use of physical force or the threat of physical force; it classifies violent crime into four general categories: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (USDOJ, 2006).

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The most direct economic costs of violent crime are represented by the cost of replacing personal property lost, but its indirect costs may include both privately-paid and publicly-funded medical treatment and subsequent rehabilitation; time lost from work, including both the cost of privately employed victims' income and lost productivity for the employers of crime victims; and all the costs associated with preventing recurrence of crime afterwards. According to the DOJ, almost 1.5 million violent crimes were reported in the U.S. In 2006 (USDOJ, 2006)

Term Paper on Criminal Behavior Assignment

The DOJ defines property crimes as those not involving actual physical force or threat of physical force against the victim; it includes the crimes of burglary, theft-by- larceny, auto-theft, and arson (USDOJ, 2006). According to the DOJ (2006), approximately 10 million property crimes occurred in the U.S. In 2006, representing almost $17 billion in economic losses.

White Collar Crime, Organized Crime, and Abuse of Public Assistance Programs:

White collar crime encompasses a wide variety of fraud and related criminal enterprises perpetrated against individuals as well as against corporations. It includes banking and investment fraud, insurance and mortgage fraud, corporate and public corruption, money laundering, as well as the abuse of public assistance and medical care funding programs.

In total, it is impossible to quantify the precise economic costs of white collar crime, but it is certainly in the hundreds of billions of dollars, representing direct monetary losses as well as the cost of developing, implementing and maintaining security programs and procedures to prevent future and recurrent crimes of this nature. The indirect economic costs of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Criminal Behavior.  (2007, October 26).  Retrieved July 4, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminal-behavior/17608

MLA Format

"Criminal Behavior."  26 October 2007.  Web.  4 July 2020. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminal-behavior/17608>.

Chicago Style

"Criminal Behavior."  Essaytown.com.  October 26, 2007.  Accessed July 4, 2020.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminal-behavior/17608.