Term Paper: Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang

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[. . .] The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with programs like the Juvenile Offenders Learning Tolerance to rescue and re-educate juveniles who previously committed hate crimes.

The juvenile courts, in a bid to rehabilitate the juveniles, put a lot of focus on offenders and not offenses. The juvenile courts had their own intake that considered extra-legal and legal factors with regard to deciding how to handle cases. The intake also had discretion to handle cases informally bypassing judicial action. Juvenile court proceedings were informal. Their main purpose was to protect the children (Billchik, 1999).

Arguments have been advanced to counter the effectiveness of rehabilitation in the juvenile justice system and notable among them is that rehabilitation has no practical proven basis knowledge of the causes of crime hence cannot effectively reduce crimes. This criticism fails to recognize the fact that it is immaterial to know the causes of a particular event to influence the likelihood of its repetition. Another counter argument against rehabilitation has been that rehabilitation techniques have not proven that they can reduce recidivism. This argument may be particularly true. However, it does not warrant abandoning attempts to find approaches that are successful with specific types of offenders.

The rehabilitative approach is also observed to be self regenerative in nature in that, the juvenile will clearly understand the mistake they made, they will be helped through it, then once they get back to the society, after the completion of the rehabilitation and not necessarily the full length of time, they will be able to act as examples to other juveniles out there and indeed teach them the values they learnt while under the rehabilitation project.

Critics of rehabilitation have also averred that focus on rehabilitation produces sentencing disparity as sentencing becomes geared to the varying lengths of time considered required for rehabilitation (Weatherburn, 1982). They have gone further to posit that rehabilitation ideology presumes offenders are mentally ill when they are not in real sense. This argument is anchored on the perception that mental illness is the target of rehabilitation and that rehabilitation only seeks to change a juvenile from a criminal to normative behavior. Some arguments against rehabilitative philosophy have revolved around the fact that rehabilitation is inconsistent with fair and consistent dispensation of justice. This position is unlikely because rehabilitation ideology appreciates that protracted periods of institutionalization are not conducive for reducing recidivism. Opponents of rehabilitation have also opined that rehabilitation seeks to institutionalize offenders until when they are fully rehabilitated. This produces sentencing by need rather than offense. In this module therefore, the offender will not be paying for the offence they committed but for the time appended to their behavior by the state hence counterproductive in that, the offender will not have the full conviction within them the problem they are undergoing has be occasioned by their behavior hence the juvenile may not reform.

The opponents of the use of rehabilitation in the criminal juvenile justice system have finally advanced that rehabilitative ideology depreciates tailoring sentences to the seriousness of the offense.

The arguments against rehabilitation in the juvenile justice system are not as valid as the one proposed for the approach because when authorities did away with rehabilitation and introduced modern juvenile law disposition, alternatives like setting determinate sentence length based on the child need of the child, wearing of electronic monitoring equipment, detaining children in an institution until they reach majority age led to an increase of 56% of children under probation.

Juvenile justice system that makes use of rehabilitation acted in the best interest of the child because treatments were offered to offenders until they were cured or attained the age of 21. Rehabilitation as opposed to exposing juvenile to the formal criminal justice system prioritized individualized justice (Billchik, 1999).

References List

Austin, J., Johnson, K.D. & Gregoriou, M. (2000). Juveniles in Adult Prisons and Jails: A

National Assessment. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Barry, C.F. (1997). Readings in Juvenile Justice Administration. New York: Oxford University


Billchik, S. (1999). National Report Series, Juvenile Justice Bulletin: Juvenile Justice: A Century

of Change. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/9912_2/juv1.html

TheAttorneyStore (2013). Juvenile Programs. Retrieved from http://public.getlegal.com/legal-info-center/juvenile-justice/juvenile-programs

Weatherburn, D. (1982). Seven Arguments against Rehabilitation -- An Assessment of Their

Validity. New Zealand Journal of Criminology 15(1),… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang.  (2013, March 30).  Retrieved May 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminal-justice-juvenile-gang/1366195

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"Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang."  Essaytown.com.  March 30, 2013.  Accessed May 26, 2019.