Criminological Theory and Social Policy Essay

Pages: 1 (379 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

Criminological Theory and Social Policy

Describe how certain theories are related to how social policies are created

Classical and rational theories of criminology view crime as a 'choice' made by rational human beings. Viewed as such, punishment must be swift and certain, so that potential criminals comprehend that if they act in error, there will be consequences. Crime should be dealt with fairly, regardless of the person's social status, so they understood that the law is fair, and can make an intelligent calculus to see that the pain of punishment is greater than the pleasure of committing a crime. This theory can still be seen in the use of the death penalty, whereby the ultimate penalty is supposed to prevent capital crimes or 'broken window' theory, which states that when people see that all crimes are punished, including broken windows, they are less likely to commit crimes themselves.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Essay on Criminological Theory and Social Policy Assignment

However, other theories of criminology hold that human beings are not nearly so rational when they act illegally. Social disorganization theory suggests that a breakdown of existing institutions cause the development of criminal behavior. This suggests that strong civic institutions, such… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Criminological Theory and Social Policy" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Criminological Theory and Social Policy.  (2009, August 12).  Retrieved October 29, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminological-theory-social-policy/4246482

MLA Format

"Criminological Theory and Social Policy."  12 August 2009.  Web.  29 October 2020. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminological-theory-social-policy/4246482>.

Chicago Style

"Criminological Theory and Social Policy."  Essaytown.com.  August 12, 2009.  Accessed October 29, 2020.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/criminological-theory-social-policy/4246482.