Cubism -- How it Shapes the Art Term Paper

Pages: 3 (1018 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Art  (general)

Cubism -- How it shapes the art of today, how it creates the shape of my art today

According to the popular Internet art encyclopedia, 'Artcyclopedia,' the Cubist movement in art developed between the years of 1908 and 1912, amongst a small colony of European artists. The early Cubist's main influences were said to have been Tribal Art, as prefigured in the works of the post-impressionist Paul Cezanne. (Artcyclopedia, 2005) Unlike these earlier artist's works, however, which still had recognizable, realistic forms, in Cubist paintings the subject matter was broken up, analyzed by the painter, and then reassembled in an abstracted form of shapes and stark designs.

There are two distinct Cubist styles. The first movement in Cubism was known as Analytical Cubism. Analytical Cubism used geometrical forms and very dull colors, often blacks and whites. The second phase, known as Synthetic Cubism, used more decorative shapes, stencilling, collage, and brighter colors The Spanish painter Pablo Picasso and the French painter Georges Braque initiated the synthetic Cubist part of the movement. They said they were following the advice of Paul Cezanne, who said artists should treat nature "in terms of the cylinder, the sphere and the cone." (ArtLex, 2005) But although the shapes were simply, they were used in striking ways, through design, to create startling images. What was central to Cubism was "the juxtaposition or combination, in a single painting, of radically different and discontinuous perspective schemas or viewpoints." (Cottington, p.41) Everything is simple in line in Cubism, yet striking in design.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Cubism -- How it Shapes the Art Assignment

This philosophy is one of the reasons that Cubism still exerts a profound influence in the illustrator's art, even though according to ArtLex, its influence has waned somewhat in painting in the 20th century. Cubism is simple and clear-cut in its use of shapes and colors, yet by reducing images to their most essential elements; an eye-catching design can be created for the gazer. In fact, during the early Cubist Braque and Picasso brought recognizable used many illustrative features in their paintings. "During their stay in Ceret, from 1911 to 1913, these artists "used letters, fragments of words, musical notes, then significant material elements," in creating collages and works of art, even " sand or sawdust which create relief...and to make the picture more physically an object." (Art Lex, 2005) This creating of a crafted material, rather than a self-consciously object of 'high art' was also essential to the movement. (Antliff & Leighton, p.4)

The first Cubist painting is largely considered to be by Pablo Picasso's first, formative abstract work entitled " Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," a 1907 oil on canvas, that was influenced not only by the paintings by Paul Cezanne and by the fauvists, but also by real African sculptures. The subjects of this picture were not 'good' women of the city of Avignon, but prostitutes of a street named Avignon. This choice of subject matter also marked a radical break of Picasso with what was considered to be appropriate subjects for art. "Little in their previous acquaintance either with Picasso's painting or that of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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