Essay: Culture -- Memory

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[. . .] (2010) Her writing is a kind of example of the theories of Trioullot, Levy, & Sznaider at play in real life. Dixon describes the cosmopolitan memory of the Armenian genocide by the Turks as part of the strategy to shift toward a more democratic nation in Turkey. (Dixon, 2010,-Page 468) She brings to light, both directly and indirectly how memory is used as part of military and political strategies of those with the power and the means to reshape and represent historical events. Dixon specifically notes the original narrative, which is what actually happened (an Armenian genocide by the Turks), and what the modified narrative became, as well as the strategies of dissemination and assimilation of the new official narrative, which essentially makes claim that the Armenian genocide did not happen and if it did, the Armenians committed heinous, yet documented acts for which they deserved such treatment. The cosmopolitan memory of the Armenian genocide offers no collective apology and redefines Armenians as subjects within Turkish history and Turkish culture.

Merridale is one author who does not wish to write about memory. That is, Merridale believes that to write about memory is a dangerous trend in which many researchers indulge to which they narrowly do justice. She also argues for the fallibility of memory, with special regard to violence and trauma, such as in this history of Communist Russia, her primary historical interest for the piece. Her perspective is interesting and valid because it extends the context within which readers consider memory and collective memory. Often those who write upon subjects that they do not agree with personally offer valuable insight and contrast to other writers who take on the same subject with eagerness and enthusiasm, instead of with uneasiness and reluctance as Dixon does here.


Anderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism, 187 -- 206. Verso: London & New York.

Dixon, J.M. (2010) Defending the Nation? Maintaining Turkey's Narrative of Armenian Genocide. South European Society and Politics. 15(3), 467 -- 485.

Levy, D., & Sznaider, N. (2001) Memory and the Holocaust in a Global Age, 465 -- 467.

Merridale, C. Soviet Memories:… [END OF PREVIEW]

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