Essay: Cva Health - Nursing

Pages: 3 (1162 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Medicine

Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
for $19.77

CVA

Health - Nursing

A nursing overview of a cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

Pathophysiology: What is occurring in the body when a patient is experiencing a CVA?

A cerebrovascular accident (CVA), more commonly referred to as a stroke, is usually caused by a blockage of blood flow to the patient's brain, and the subsequent sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen. The blockage can be caused by a build up of atherosclerosis plaque or a rupture of an artery running to the brain (Definition, 2009, Medicine net). Two primary kinds of stroke exist: an ischemic stroke that is "caused by a blocked brain artery and the resulting insufficient supply of blood to part of the brain" and a hemorrhagic stroke that is "caused by the rupture of a brain artery and bleeding into or around the brain" (Stroke, 2009, Mayo clinic)

What signs and symptoms would you observe from a patient having a CVA?

The fact that a patient is about to have a stroke is not always immediately obvious to casual or even medically-trained observers. The stroke may appear to occur suddenly, even though the conditions that precipitated the stroke have been building up over time. For example, an artery to the patient's brain can be blocked by a blood clot or as an indirect result of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. This is called an embolic stroke: a blood clot or a piece of an atherosclerotic plaque detaches itself from the artery wall and travels through the circulatory system, plugging an artery of the brain. A blood clot can also form in a chamber of the heart when the heart beats irregularly. Bleeding in the brain from an aneurysm, a widening and weakening of a blood vessel in the brain, is another common cause of strokes (Definition, 2009, Medicine net).

The symptoms of the onset of the stroke will vary in severity and physical location in the patient's body, depending upon the cause. Some common symptoms that quickly manifest themselves to observers are weakness or paralysis of one side of the patient's body, loss of movement capabilities, and numbness or tingling in a limb or entire side of the body. There can be speech problems and signs of laxity in the facial or muscles. There may be a loss of muscular control, prompting the patient to drool. "A stroke involving the base of the brain can affect balance, vision, swallowing, breathing" and even cause unconsciousness (Definition, 2009, Medicine net).

Tests: What studies are available to confirm the diagnosis of a CVA?

The most common test of a patient suspected of having a CVA is a CT or MRI scan of the brain, particularly if ischemic stroke is suspected (Stroke: Tests and diagnosis, 2009, Mayo Clinic). Such Tests can look for bleeding in the brain to determine what areas are affected and to rule out other causes of the patient's symptoms such as a brain tumor. A stroke due to bleeding in the brain is treated differently than a stroke caused by a shutting-off of the patient's blood supply in other areas of the body (Definition, 2009, Medicine net).

If a blood clot is suspected in another region of the body, "a sound wave of the heart (echocardiogram) may be done to look for a source of blood clots in the heart. Narrowing of the carotid artery (the main artery that supplies blood to each side of the brain) in the neck can be seen with a… [END OF PREVIEW]

Two Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?
1.  Buy full paper (3 pages)Download Microsoft Word File

Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file!

- or -

2.  Write a NEW paper for me!✍🏻

We'll follow your exact instructions, guaranteed!
Chat with the writer 24/7.

Nurse Practitioner Specialty Certifications Assessment


Watson's Caring Theory of Nursing Term Paper


Community Health Nurse What Is Their Role Research Paper


Nurse Practitioner Women's Health Term Paper


Nursing Management Relating to Communication and Staff Case Study


View 1,000+ other related papers  >>

Cite This Essay:

APA Format

Cva Health - Nursing.  (2009, September 5).  Retrieved December 11, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cva-health-nursing-overview/9932838

MLA Format

"Cva Health - Nursing."  5 September 2009.  Web.  11 December 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cva-health-nursing-overview/9932838>.

Chicago Format

"Cva Health - Nursing."  Essaytown.com.  September 5, 2009.  Accessed December 11, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cva-health-nursing-overview/9932838.