Term Paper: Cystic Fibrosis

Pages: 5 (1494 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Disease  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Malabsorption of food and nutrients results in a myriad of symptoms, including steatorrhoea, the excretion of abnormal levels of fat through the feces. If left untreated, steatorrhoea can be a major problem, causing severe deficiencies of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and water. Furthermore, poor fat metabolism leads to bowel irritations and increased frequency and rate of passage. Proteins will not be sufficiently broken down into their constituent amino acids in persons with cystic fibrosis, and large amounts of amino acids are found in patients. Together with the undigested fats in the bowel movements, the presence of the excess amino acids causes excessively foul-smelling feces. Treatment for this set of digestive issues is usually in the form of enzyme supplements.

Newborn babies diagnosed with cystic fibrosis exhibit meconium ileus, a blockage of the lower intestine that causes abdominal swelling and bilious vomit. Surgery is necessary to correct meconium ileus. Children past the newborn stage who have cystic fibrosis will have symptoms like abdominal distension, loose and malodorous stool, and rectal prolapse. All these problems are associated with an improper functioning of the small intestine. In some cases, children with cystic fibrosis will develop a mild form of diabetes. In about 10% of cystic fibrosis cases, no gastrointestinal symptoms will be present. However, GI symptoms are usually detected far before respiratory ones are. The sweat glands are also affected by cystic fibrosis, as the disease causes increased electrolyte presence in the sweat. In fact, using sweat as a diagnostic measure is one of the safest and most reliable tests for cystic fibrosis.

Children tested with the sweat test show two to five times the normal amount of salt in their sweat. This test provides a non-invasive measure to test young children; unfortunately it is not as effective in testing adults who develop symptoms later in life. Occasionally cystic fibrosis does remain diagnosed for years. If the results of the sweat test are inconclusive, then pancreatic secretions can be measured through a urine sample. Unfortunately, certain methods of testing newborns for cystic fibrosis result in false positive results: as many as 20 false positives for every 1 correctly diagnosed case of cystic fibrosis.

Treatment for cystic fibrosis is often approached in a multi-disciplinary manner. Clinics have been established to provide a safe haven for those who suffer. These Cystic fibrosis clinics promise a supportive atmosphere and usually result in improvements in health and life expectancy. The only disadvantages noticed by Harris and Super are the increased exposures to the negative consequences of the disease in fellow patients. However, the authors seem generally supportive of these clinics.

Diligent, daily treatments must be provided to stay symptoms of cystic fibrosis. Chest X-rays and lung-function tests are essential, as are immunizations against organisms that cause respiratory illnesses like whooping cough and measles. Antibiotics for staphylococcus are helpful as well. Draining infected material from the lungs is a significant aspect of recovery, achieved with physiotherapy like breathing exercises and physical activity. These actions help loosen phlegm and mucous from the lungs.

Nutrition plays a key role in the management of cystic fibrosis. Because of the fundamental action of the disease, the dietary needs of patients are elevated to 130% above average. Patients may require salt supplementation due to excessive sweating. Supplementation of trace elements like iron, selenium, and zinc, as well as fat soluble vitamins, like A, D, E, and K, are necessary to counteract malabsorption. Pancreatic enzyme supplements may also be required to treat other symptoms.

A radical method of dealing with cystic fibrosis is the heart-lung transplant. Because of financial inequalities as well as donor matching problems, organ transplants are uncommon. Transplants can also be problematic, and are not necessary a panacea. However, in some cases they will prolong life expectancy.

Harris and Super briefly address the psychological issues that correlate with cystic fibrosis, but most of these are common to any degenerative disease. The authors detail the genetics of cystic fibrosis and address the potential for prenatal detection. New treatments, such as DNAse, a naturally-occurring enzyme that has been genetically manufactured, as well as gene therapy, are new treatments for cystic fibrosis and provide promise for future research. Luckily, many organizations around the world are devoted to research and treatment, providing options for those who suffer from this incurable disease. Ann Harris and Maurice Super have provided a useful and informative book with Cystic Fibrosis: The Facts. It is a must-read for anyone who suffers from, or… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 5-page paper:  $28.88

or

2.  Buy + remove from all search engines
(Google, Yahoo, Bing) for 30 days:  $38.88

or

3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Cystic Fibrosis Imaging of the Disease Term Paper


Cystic Fibrosis and Finding a Cure Thesis


Electronic Health Records (EHR) -- Pharmacy Cystic Research Paper


Drug Costs Ethics Term Paper


Gene Therapy Term Paper


View 48 other related papers  >>

Cite This Term Paper:

APA Format

Cystic Fibrosis.  (2003, March 2).  Retrieved June 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cystic-fibrosis-facts/6262455

MLA Format

"Cystic Fibrosis."  2 March 2003.  Web.  26 June 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cystic-fibrosis-facts/6262455>.

Chicago Format

"Cystic Fibrosis."  Essaytown.com.  March 2, 2003.  Accessed June 26, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/cystic-fibrosis-facts/6262455.