Dark by Yu Ren Dong ) Illustrates Term Paper

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¶ … dark" by Yu Ren Dong (2004) illustrates one of the greatest challenges of language acquisition for any English Language Learner (ELL) -- understanding when a native English speaker is using a metaphor or if the native speaker means his or her words in a concrete and literal fashion. "I have often found that even graduate [ELL] students have a limited understanding of metaphorical language" in English (Dong 2004: 29). Context is critical for understanding what is meant metaphorically and what is meant literally. This requires that the speaker has some exposure to the accepted norms of American culture that native speakers take for granted. "Learners who grow up in the mainstream American culture, immersed in oral language and schooling, acquire cultural and linguistic competence in metaphorical language. However, L2 learners are asked in their adolescence to acquire a new language for which they have no cultural references or natural oral immersion" (Dong 2004:30).

Even a highly fluent ELL student may not understand the significance of 'bread' as a metaphor in English, particularly if he or she comes from a nation where bread is not consumed as a staple. "Give us this day our daily bread," seems like an inexplicable statement. To reinforce this idea, Dong once asked a classroom of ELL teachers to spend an entire day without using metaphors or colloquialisms, and they found it almost impossible (Dong 2004: 30).

It is critical that teachers do not merely assume that ELL students will naturally and intuitively acquire connotative meanings in language. Increased vocabulary and even high levels of intelligence do not necessarily guarantee metaphoric language acquisition, and it is incumbent upon teachers to make use of learning techniques like scaffolding and creating dramatized situations to reinforce metaphorical… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Dark by Yu Ren Dong ) Illustrates.  (2008, March 21).  Retrieved December 12, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dark-yu-ren-dong-2004-illustrates/2084540

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"Dark by Yu Ren Dong ) Illustrates."  21 March 2008.  Web.  12 December 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dark-yu-ren-dong-2004-illustrates/2084540>.

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"Dark by Yu Ren Dong ) Illustrates."  Essaytown.com.  March 21, 2008.  Accessed December 12, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dark-yu-ren-dong-2004-illustrates/2084540.