Defend the Ethics of Your Values Essay

Pages: 3 (991 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Ethics

Defend the Ethics of Your Values by Using One or More of the Four Kinds of Ethical Theories

Personal values development

Although it may sound strange, given that religious values have not formed the core of my moral development, the ethical theory with which I most identify is that of Kantian deontological or duty-based ethical theory. I believe that certain moral values are absolute, and cannot be distilled with situational variables. These moral values include tolerance, respect for other human beings, and the need to make meaning out of one's existence beyond merely serving one's material desires and needs. While some aspects of various ethical systems may vary between cultures, for a human being or a society to be ethically functional, there must be some core of moral values to support its rules and tenants. This is why, over the course of my moral development, I have defined my moral identity as a search for absolute truths. My beliefs in the value of anti-materialism, tolerance of gays and lesbians, and other issues have changed over time, but they changed and grew more sound and certain as I created a more coherent ethical code for myself.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Defend the Ethics of Your Values by Assignment

One of the reasons I am less sympathetic to utilitarianism or consequential ethics than other philosophical theories is because utilitarianism stresses satisfying the needs of the greatest number of individuals, in a material sense. While this may sound democratic in theory, the question always arises -- what majority, of what group of people? The majority of one's own group or one's own nation or all humanity? For example, the individuals who orchestrated some of the deals that gave rise to the current credit crisis might have rationalized that their actions served a common good, because they served the majority of their shareholders, families, and colleagues. Yet the majority needs of all of society were not upheld, and many innocent individuals were hurt because of the subsequent recession that occurred. It is not in human nature to fairly perceive 'the majority' as the whole of humanity -- we pick and choose what majority we satisfy, when we are engaged in utilitarian thinking.

Kant would respond to these utilitarian bankers that to take risks with other people's money and to encourage financially ignorant individuals to take out mortgages was a violation of the principles of trust and ethics that must underlie every professional transaction. I agree with such an estimation, and also believe the current recession illustrates how satisfying material wants and desire is never enough to sustain a functional society: I have defined materialism very low upon my personal list of priorities as a result of a great deal of soul-searching.

The banking crisis is an excellent example of how people rationalized that 'the ends justifies the means,' namely that high levels of risk and unethical practices were acceptable, if a large profit could be incurred. The results of actions are unpredictable, advised Kant, therefore the rightness of the action must… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Defend the Ethics of Your Values.  (2010, February 4).  Retrieved October 17, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/defend-ethics-values/81759

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"Defend the Ethics of Your Values."  Essaytown.com.  February 4, 2010.  Accessed October 17, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/defend-ethics-values/81759.