Democracy and Representative Government Central Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2479 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
In 1899, The Hague Court was held and in 1907 the Hague International Peace Conference followed with the intent of defusing the building warmongering through disarmament. The countries who attended the conference worried that if they disarmed, someone would see it as an opportunity to gain the advantage, and initiate warfare. Germany was in a place to imitate the conflict, and did so in 1914 by declaring war on Russia. Their action was at least partially motivated by a fear that Russia would have time to rearm itself after years of internal civil war.

Nationalism's contribution

Growing nationalism has long been a part of European geo-political events, and had been building long before World War I. Europe has long been a mixture of smaller ethnic divisions who wish to be self determinant, allied with 'brothers' and at the same time independent. These multi-ethnic divisions are continued source of conflict in Bosnia, and Russia today. Coexisting with the multi-ethnic factions have been economically or militarily superior 'superpowers' who wish to dominate and control the majority of land in the continent. Europeans, who strove towards independence and unity with their brothers, were the Great Powers who wished to extend their hand over the greater part of Europe have clashed on the continent since the time of the Roman Praetorian guard.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Democracy and Representative Government Central Assignment

As the conflict of interests, and military buildup between the Great European Powers continued, nationalism manifested itself in one the smaller division of the people groups on the continent. The disputes in the Balkans had resulted in two wars prior to the start of WWI. The Balkan Wars of 1912-13 were fought over the disposition of the Balkan territories. Serbia had won glory in the Balkan Wars. As WWI loomed closer, the Serbian nationalists turned their attentions to liberating the South Slavs of Austria-Hungary. The Serbians wanted both independence from the Turkish Empire and they wanted their own nation, Yugoslavia. However, an obvious problem for the German empire was that they also wished to incorporate parts of Austria-Hungary in a united German state. The creation of Yugoslavia would mean limits to their expansionist efforts. If they allowed the Southern Slavs to brake out of the Empire, other groups such as the Czechs, Poles, Hungarians and Slovaks could follow. Serbia's military intelligence worked to from underground alliances with other Serb groups. The society they created pledged to pursue and encourage Serbs in areas like Bosnia to work for the unification with Serbia. They helped to smuggle men, guns and propaganda to people who were sympathetic to the Serb's who lived outside the Serbian borders. Believing that the Serbs' cause would be served by the death of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian emperor Francis Joseph I, the Serb underground plotted the death of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which ignite the fuse which the entire continent had played a part in constructing.

By the time the war started, millions of people were inflamed by patriotism. While the arms race has been purported to the major cause of the war, if such a great nationalistic sentiment had not existed, the people would not have rushed to the guns being supplied to them. War does not take place without the manpower, the machinery, and the emotional motivations. Each and every people group was delighted by the chance to prove their nation's superiority and power and greeted the war with open arms. Ethnicity and hurt pride created alliances between nations in a David Vs. Goliath environment. The nationalist sentiment created the combustible atmosphere, and proved to also be the spark which ignited it. According to McKay (2004): "Between 1850 and 1914, strong nation states developed, which won the enthusiastic support for all the social classes, sauces a shift in the balance of international political power, and pulled the masses away from the socialist doctrine of class war."

Napoleon III had played a part be building a socialist dictator-esche (predecessor to fascist) government which appealed to the needs and desires of the rich and poor, the conservative and radical. Bismarck waged a series of small wars in order to unify the German stated into a united Germany Prussia. In the southern end of the continent, Count Cavour manages to unify most of Italy in 1860 into a single political state. (McKay, 2004) Through local and regional nationalist and socialist governments the formerly independent propel groups found greater political power, as well as a means to defend their own territories.

The rising feelings of nationalism manifested themselves in many ways. The major powers in the European continent all maneuvered for position over territories and resources which they felt were important. Ongoing disputes between France and Germany to control the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine region created some anti-German sentiment. The loss of land area to Germany in the Franco-Prussian war sowed seeds of animosity between the neighboring nations. Many Germans, including politicians, intellectuals and Kaiser Wilhelm II, believed their German culture and nation was superior to their neighbors. Some of them dreamed of uniting all the Germans in one Pan-German state that would also include large parts of Austria-Hungary. Beginning with the war in 1870, and continuing through WWII, the German nationalists expressed their wishes to have a colonial empire the like of that of England and France. As tried to expand her influence in Europe, Britain and France grew closer in order to protect their common interests. As the American Indian's say: "the enemy of my enemy if my friend." Out of self-protectionist desires, England and France buried with disagreements and positioned themselves against German expansionism.

Bibliography

Sources of the Western Tradition: From the Renaissance to the Present, 5th edition, Volume 2 - written by Marvin Perry, Joseph R. Peden & Theodore H. Von Laue - 2003

History of World Societies:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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