Demographic Trends in the Chicano a Population Term Paper

Pages: 3 (867 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Race

Demographics in Chicana/O Population

The United States is considered the third most populous country in the world with roughly 4.6% of the world's population (Shrestra 2006). Its current population of 299 million is estimated to double its 1950 level of growth of 152 million within the next few years and to modify its characteristics. The U.S. Population Reference Bureau reported that the American population has not only been getting bigger but also older and more diverse. This has been the observation of demographers since 1950 and the consensus is that these characteristics and future trends would alter the shape of the nation in the coming decades till 2050. Underlying factors, such as increased survival from declining mortality rates, fertility levels and international migration, have contributed to its rapid growth. It has also been aging in that there has been more people aged 65 and older and those in the median age. Lastly, the American population has been becoming more racially and ethnically diverse, with the Hispanic or Latino people as a major racial group. They are Mexican-Americans called Chicano or Chicana. Recent trends have exerted influence over or relate to essential societal domains, such as work, retirement, pension, private wealth and income security, the health and well-being of the aging population of the U.S. (Shrestha).Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Term Paper on Demographic Trends in the Chicano a Population Assignment

Statistics showed that the Chicano population has grown from 4.7 million in 1980 to 13.4 million in 1990 at a 54% intercensal increase and constituted 8% of the American population (Baker). At the turn of the century, Chicanos accounted for more than 10% of the national population. The Chicanos' growth since 1980 has been due to childbirth as compared with that of African-Americans by natural increase and Asian-Americans by international migration. The issues confronted by immigration policy center on eligibility for public services, mainly health, education and welfare. Those who support immigration restrictions contend that immigrants drain public funds and reduce wages and working conditions in places or communities where they settle in large numbers. Local governments, where these communities are located, have incurred increased health and education costs. Another consequence is that either legal or undocumented immigrants tend to be more exploited in work places than American citizens. Furthermore, most of the violations committed in the workplace are violations of U.S. wage and hour laws. The wage-depressing effects of immigration could be contained by ensuring that employers do not exploit workers who are desperate for work (Baker).

Public education and welfare are the other major issues for policy-making in the 21st century (Baker). Realistic allocations can be made only when based on true population composition. This is… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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