Development of Crisis Intervention Essay

Pages: 8 (2654 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

The supportive environment helps in ensuring that the affected individuals enhance their coping skills and mechanisms in dealing with the critical incident. During the 9/11 attacks, this unit provided opportunities for people to team up and achieve group cohesion that helped in establishing a supportive environment while promoting individual resiliency. As a result, many volunteers and crisis counselors from various parts in the country showed up and were willing to engage in dialogue with the victims and responders regarding their experiences.

Interactive communication phase is the fourth stage of Psychological First Aid that seeks to promote normalization i.e. return to normal functioning and restoration. Notably, crisis responders enable victims to return to normal functioning as soon as possible based on the experiences of the respective individual. In essence, normalization procedures are developed and established based on information received from the victim during interactions after the crisis. For the New Jersey State Police, this process involved providing materials and information regarding critical incident stress, preparing individuals for spiritual grounding, and enabling them to meet with their families and friends (Castellano & Plionis, 2006, p.330).

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The final phase in Psychological First Aid as a development in crisis intervention is hotline phase that seeks to provide any necessary support t individuals after the crisis to ensure that they will not suffer from any recurring psychological distress. This stage helps in ensuring strengthening the normal functioning of the individual after the crisis through providing any necessary extra support. For instance, the New Jersey State Police initiated and maintained contact with these individuals as art of conducting follow-up after termination of the crisis intervention process.

Impact of Crisis Intervention on the Society:

Essay on Development of Crisis Intervention Assignment

Crises have traditionally had significant impacts on the society to an extent that some of them such as global terrorism have redefined the society. For instance, some crises over the past decade have made schools to become shooting fields, airplanes to become missiles, and office buildings to become major targets for criminal activities. The impact of crises on the society in the recent years is mainly attributed to the increase, frequency, and effect of these incidents. However, as crises have increased in frequency and had considerable impacts on the society, various initiatives have been undertaken towards a comprehensive crisis intervention model. The development of crisis intervention has also continued to have significant impact on the society in various ways.

One of the ways with which crisis intervention has impacted the society is through promoting increase and extent of peer support. Peer support can be described as a form of individual crisis intervention measure with an individual doing the same or a similar job. While peer support is not necessarily provided by counselors or therapists, it seems effective in cases where acute intervention techniques are insufficient in helping an individual (Clark & Haley, 2007). People in today's society have become increasingly sensitive and responsive to others in need of help during and after a crisis to an extent that they provide peer support. For instance, when Officer Marlene Loos from the New York Police Department, Suffolk County, was shot while responding to a disturbance, coworkers who had experienced similar traumas helped her the most and made it easy for her to cope with the situation.

Secondly, crisis intervention has helped people in today's society to identify the need for talking when experiencing a crisis. While it is easier for some people to talk about their experiences and receive timely help, others prefer to keep quite in attempts to deal with their emotional responses to critical incidents. Crisis intervention helps both victims and first responders to share about the events they experience and to develop successful and effective coping mechanisms. The findings of a study on 71 police officers conducted by Nancy Bohl, a police psychologist is an appropriate example of recognition of the need to talk. In this study, 40 police officers who attended a Crisis Incident Stress Debriefing were less depressed, angry, and anxious and had minimal post-trauma symptoms as compared to the rest who did not attend (Clark & Haley, 2007).

Third, crisis intervention has contributed to the development and improvement of emergency planning and critical incident response. Law enforcement agencies, organizations, and individuals have adopted various measures to enhance the safety of the society and enhanced emergency preparedness and critical incident response. Some of the major improvements in emergency planning and critical incident response include through enhancement of training for crisis intervention teams and increased awareness on emergency preparedness and response. For example, following the recent shooting incident at Virginia Tech School, the school not only enhanced its emergency planning and response measures but also conducted campus-wide education on teachers and students regarding safety risks and methods of prevention.

The fourth way through which crisis intervention has impacted the society is by contributing to enhancement of safety programs. There have been various efforts to improve safety programs through the use of technology to ensure that the society is secure by dealing with security or safety risks effectively. For example, after the Virginia Tech School shooting, the institution and other schools have used technology to enhance safety programs in the learning environment such as video surveillance, intrusion detection systems, and computerized access card control structures.

In conclusion, crisis intervention has evolved with the evolution of critical incidents in the society. The focus of and processed used in crisis intervention has continued to change from time to time as crises continue to change in nature and extent of impact. Following the major events that have taken place in the past 30 years, crisis intervention has developed to incorporate the psychological or mental health perspective. This has led to the development of the Psychological First Aid model, which consists of five stages that are used to meet the psychological needs of individuals and responders exposed to critical incidents. Moreover, crisis intervention has impacted the society by contributing to increased peer support, recognition of the need and significance of talking, improved emergency planning, and enhanced safety programs.


Castellano, C. & Plionis, E. (2006, November). Comparative Analysis of Three Crisis

Intervention Models Applied to Law Enforcement First Responders during 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 6(4), 326-36. Retrieved from

Clark, D.W. & Haley, M. (2007, August). Crisis Response Tools for Law Enforcement. The Police Chief -- The Professional Voice of Law Enforcement. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from

Dass-Brailsford, P. (2007). Crisis Interventions. In A practical approach to trauma: empowering interventions (chap. 5, pp. 93-114). Retrieved from

Flannery, R.B. & Everly, G.S. (2000). Crisis Intervention: A Review. Consumer International

Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 2(2), 119-25. Retrieved from [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Development of Crisis Intervention" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Development of Crisis Intervention.  (2014, February 28).  Retrieved September 30, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Development of Crisis Intervention."  28 February 2014.  Web.  30 September 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Development of Crisis Intervention."  February 28, 2014.  Accessed September 30, 2020.