Developmental Behavior Analysis and Motor Term Paper

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[. . .] These techniques that prefer the measurement of psychological changes have been used to treat children suffering from spalsy as well as spinal injuries. Research conducted by Brucker has shown that the operant-based biofeedback mechanisms can help in making use of the remaining living stem cells from the nervous system of the children suffering from brain injuries or birth complications. One of the main facts that need to be highlighted in these cases is that the methods are not very strong and fail to produce stronger results but these methods can help in enhancing behavioral functioning (Miller, & Brucker, 1981, p. 356).

Solutions for Disabled Children

Behavior analytic theory was developed by Ferester in 1961. Ferseter concluded autism is the result of the interactions that take place between the children and their parents. There are a variety of contingencies between parents and children that can help children suffering from autism. Behavioral incompatible theory was developed by Tutor and Drash in 1993. The research conducted in this case has helped in the identification of more than sex contingency-based paradigms that can help children with autism, it was reported that the paradigms may play important roles in the development of avoidance-based responses and these can help in the development of repertoire of behaviors that can be incompatible with age related verbal behaviors.

There are a number of neurological and sensory models that can play roles in producing more autistic repertoire. The studies have shown that there is an incompatibility between the nervous systems and the environments of children with autism. Ghezzi and Bijou in 1999 introduced behavioral interference theory. Motor behavior is important as the infants can gain more knowledge about the environment as it can be seen that with the help of making movements, touching and walking they can feel the environment that surrounds them.

Practical Implications

Rhythmical stereotypes are one of the most important concepts highlighted by Thelen in 1979 (Savelsbergh, 2005, p. 248). Four main categories of these stereotypies as mentioned by Thelen include movement of the torso, movement of the legs, movement of the arms and hands, and movement of the head and face. In her studies some of the most common kinds of stereotypies were leg kicks, foot rubs, head banging with a soft object. These movements are observed in all healthy infants and these have been termed as maturational. Developmental trends as highlighted by Thelen show that these movements are seen between 24 and 43 months of growth start which thee start to decline (Schlinger, and Poling, 1998, p. 71). It has been mentioned that these trends are related to neuromuscular maturation. This information can be used to make sure that the children in which the motor development does to take place in a normal manner can be trained for better motor development. In these cases, it can be added that the environments play roles that are more important as well.

Importance of the environment has also been mentioned in the previous section (Miller, & Brucker, 1981, p. 367). Proper stimulants if provided to the infants can help them in gaining better motor development. The difference in the environments is also seen in the case of differences in the ages. Thereby one of the main practical implications that can be implemented in these cases is provision of stimulus to the children in accordance to their ages. The concepts of self-locomotion is an important one in which a toy is to be found by the infants from within many objects by making movements (Schlinger, and Poling, 1998, p. 92). These techniques can help children and infants in making movements that can in turn be more helpful for their motor development.

References

Brucker, B. (1980). Biofeedback and rehabilitation. In L.P. Ince (Ed.) Behavioral Psychology in Rehabilitation Medicine: Clinical Applications (pp. 188 -- 217). Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.

Miller, N. & Brucker, B. (1981). A learned visceral response apparently independent of skeletal ones in patients paralyzed by spinal lesions. In D. Shapiro, J. Stoyva, J. Kamiya, T.X. Barber, N.E. Miller & G.E. Schwartz (Eds.). Biofeedback and behavioral medicine (pp. 355 -- 372). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine.

Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2005). Discovery Of Motor Development: A Tribute To Esther Thelen. The Behavior Analyst Today 6 (4): 243 -- 249.

Schlinger, DH, and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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