Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W Research Paper

Pages: 3 (975 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

¶ … Deviance

Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W., & Bontrager, S. (2007). The labeling of convicted felons and its consequences for recidivism. Criminology, 45(3), 547-581. Retrieved from full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Research Paper on Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W., Assignment

The authors in this study apply labeling theory to the study of convicted felons. The main research question they ask is whether labeling of convicted felons has an effect on subsequent recidivism. They also ask whether subsequent recidivism of convicted felons may be affected by either adjudication or the withholding of it. Then they examine whether any of the characteristics such as sex, race, prior record, and the characteristics of the county to which the sentenced defendants return may have any effect on labeling effects on recidivism. The authors discuss recent theory and research and use the data compiled from the cases of 95,919 men and women from Florida who were found guilty of a felony (violent, property, or drug) and sentenced to probation between 2000 and 2002. 71,548 of the offenders examined were male and 24,371 were female. The dependent variable of the research depended on whether a felony probationer was convicted of another felony within 2 years after being sentenced. These included only those who were convicted guilty of another felony, but not those who violated technical details of probation and those who were charged but acquitted. The primary independent variable was whether a probationer had a felony adjudication applied or withheld. The defendants' race and prior record were also examined, while the crimes committed were categorized as violent, property, or drug related because of the prior research suggesting that violent offenders were least likely to recidivate. Their three main findings were the following: the application of adjudication significantly increased the likelihood of recidivism in comparison to those whose adjudication was withheld. The effects were also higher for whites than for non-whites and for females than to males. Those reaching the age of 30 without prior record of felony were also more likely to recidivate than those who had been convicted until 30, while community-level contexts had no noticeable effect on recidivism.

Petrocelli, M., Piquero, a.R., & Smith, M.R. (2003). Conflict theory and racial profiling: An empirical analysis of police traffic stop data. Journal of Criminal Justice, 31(1), 1.

The authors in this article examine whether police traffic stop, search, and arrest practices are affected by racial and socioeconomic factors among the neighborhoods. The previous research on the subject examined multiple states and cities to understand whether police treatment of Whites and minorities differed (macro-level studies), but Petrocelli, Piquero, & Smith (2003) used data collected by the Richmond, Virginia Police Department to examine racial profiling on a micro level. The authors examined whether neighborhood contexts, as opposed to state and city contexts, had any effect on police treatment of minorities. They also tested the validity of conflict theory. While thirty percent of the sworn officers in Richmond were Black, seventy percent were White, three percent belonging… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W" Research Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W.  (2012, March 13).  Retrieved November 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W."  13 March 2012.  Web.  26 November 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Deviance Chiricos, T., Barrick, K., Bales, W."  March 13, 2012.  Accessed November 26, 2021.