Devised it Has to Be Distilled" Raymond Thesis

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¶ … Devised;

it has to be distilled"

Raymond Chandler (1888 -- 1959)

(Columbia World, 1996).

Methodology's Primary Purpose

The research methodology constitutes a paradigm or theory that relates how the researcher approaches his/her study, as well as how he/she undertakes the research effort. In the study, "Using the 'power of the data' within indigenous research practice," Maggie Walter (2005), a lecturer in sociology at the University of Tasmania, explains that methodology, albeit, differs from method. Method compliments the methodology as it consists of the techniques; the means and procedures the researcher utilizes. As methodology traditionally recounts the specific course of action the researcher utilizes to complete the research project, its primary purpose purports to denote how the research materialized, as well as what the data consist of, and the specific means the researcher implemented to collect, organize and analyze the data (Berg, 2007). As this paper examines the methodology, the researcher utilizes the literature search methodology to collect, organize and analyze the data.

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During this literature search methodology, the researcher investigates the research methodology separately and dissects, as well as evaluates the methodology's component characteristics, addressing a number of relevant questions, along with noting numerous pros and cons relating to particular methodology considerations. The researcher asserts that the literature search methodology, utilized to address the researcher's argument that the methodology serves as an appropriate application of the methodology, as it relates the story of the methodology

Thesis on Devised; it Has to Be Distilled" Raymond Assignment

In a sense, the revelation of the methodology proves similar, yet simultaneously dissimilar to the relating of a story. In both scenarios, the "speaker" reveals details that entwine with each other to portray and/or support particular points. Details with/in both ventures; from story to story; from study to study may vary, nevertheless, both the story and the study embrace and adhere to particular "rules" to carry out their intent, the revelation of a particular "plot." In addition, the point Chandler, a U.S. author, wrote in a letter during 1947, aptly applies to the research methodology. Like the story, the methodology "…has to be distilled" (Columbia World, 1996).

Through the distillation process, the researcher concentrates and condenses vital information to tell the story of the methodology.

Research Endeavors

Pure research relates to particular components that constitute the body of research methodology, Ranjit Kumar (2005) explains in Research methodology: a step-by-step guide for beginners. In pure research, the researcher develops a sampling technique that he/she may apply to a particular situation. The process requires that the researcher develops a methodology to assess the procedure's validity, as well as develops a technique for sampling to apply to a particular scenario. Ultimately, the research effort produces knowledge that adds to the current body of knowledge and methods of research.

Kumar (2005) points out that in social sciences the researcher applies the methodology's research techniques, procedures and methods to the collection of information about certain components of an issue, problem, situation or phenomenon. In turn, the accessed information may be utilized in a variety of ways. The resulting knowledge may administer and enhance the understanding of a particular phenomenon or formulate policy.

Determining the methodology for a research study will evolve from the determination of its objectives. Kumar (2005) explains that basically a research endeavor may be deemed as:

1. Correlational,

2. descriptive,

3. explanatory, or

4. exploratory (Kumar, 2005, **)

As the correlational research investigates two or more aspects of a particular situation, the researcher aims to discover or establish the existence of an association, relationship, or interdependence between the two aspects. These studies merit the name, correlational studies, because they seek to determine whether a relationship between two or more aspects of a situation or phenomenon actually exists. The correlational study may include exploring how an advertising campaign impacts the sale of a product, for example, or determining the relationship between stressful living scenarios and the incidences of heart attacks (Kumar, 2005).

The descriptive research endeavor aims to systematically describe a problem, phenomenon, service, situation or program, situation, or proffer information. This type research may relate a community's living condition, for instance, or describe the reported attitudes toward a particular issue. These studies primarily aim to describe prevalent factors/point in regard to the issue or problem being investigated (Kumar, 2005).

Kumar (2005) explains that explanatory research attempts to clarify why and how the relationship between two aspects of a situation or phenomenon exists. For instance, explanatory research may attempt to explain why stressful living contributes to heart attacks. This type research may strive to determine how the home environment impinges on the level of academic achievement the child demonstrates or why fertility decline follows a decline in mortality.

During exploratory research, the fourth type of research, Kumar (2005) explains, the researcher undertakes a study with the intent to investigate an area where little may be known or to explore the possibility to of undertake a particular research study. This type study, also identified as a feasibility study or a pilot study implemented to determine the feasibility of more advanced study, traditionally evolves from the researcher's desire to investigate areas about which he/she possesses little or no knowledge. The assessment the researcher makes during the exploratory study regarding the small-scale study determines whether or not a full study eventuates. The researcher also completes exploratory studies to develop, distill and/or examine measurement tools and procedures (Kumar, 2005).

Figure 1 reflects three of the four types of research from the objectives' stance.

Figure 1: Aims and Purposes of Research Studies (adapted from Kumar, 2005).

Even though in theory, the research study may be characterized as correlational, descriptive, explanatory, or exploratory, in practice, albeit, most studies consist of a blend of correlational descriptive, and explanatory research as they include elements of each (Kumar, 2005). The type of research determines the methodology the researcher will choose to implement.

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methodology

The purpose of the research determines which type of research methods would prove to be most effective, While the quantitative-- qualitative research debate ravages, what is obvious is that there is no one best research method for all research and evaluations. Different research purposes require the use of different research methods, Olusegun A. Sogunro (2002), Central Connecticut State University, explains. In "Selecting a quantitative or qualitative research methodology: An experience," Sogunro stresses that there no particular research method proves best for all research and evaluations.

Whether used separately or joined together, both quantitative and qualitative research methods denote different, yet complementary roles in the research process and outcome. Sogunro (2002) notes a quantitative research tests a theory consisting of variables, measures the study's components with numbers, and analyzes these with statistical procedure to determine whether the theory's predictive generalizations prove true.

A qualitative research, Sogunro (2002) purports, based on developing a complex, holistic picture, utilizes words to report detailed views of informants. The researcher conducts this type research in a natural setting. Basically, qualitative research constitutes an empirical research where the data is presented in numerical format, while qualitative research consists of an empirical research with data, not in numerical format. Quantitative research collects numerical data to control, explain, and/or predict the phenomena of interest. Qualitative research collects extensive data on numerous variables over time, in a naturalistic setting to better understand a social or human problem. This type research enables the researcher to obtain insights that other types of research would not enable the researcher to gain.

Primary differences in quantitative and qualitative research approaches, both equally recognized and routinely utilized conducting research, appear in the realms of data collection and analyses. Quantitative research depends heavily on numerical data and statistical analysis, while qualitative research minimizes the use of numbers or statistics and instead, relies more on the participants' verbal data and subjective analysis (Sogunro, 2002).

The term "quantitative research," denotes those research methods that implement quantitative principles, techniques, and theoretical statistics,. Walter (2005) stresses that quantitative research methods and techniques serve as potent analytical tools, and that within particular research settings, the researcher use of quantitative research methods enable him to engage the data's power (Sogunro, 2002).

Qualitative research, concerned with understanding human experience, interactions, and behavior patterns. It seeks to describe and interpret the why of human behavior and motivation (Creswell, 2009; Sogunro, 2002). Qualitative approaches may best suit the researcher's quest to explore the complexities of multicultural contexts and multicultural individuals. Contrary to quantitative research which focuses on numerical data, qualitative research validates the value and validity of personal experience, as well as the existence of competing ways of understanding social realities.

Social work, the professional activity of helping individuals, groups, and communities improve their overall social functioning and work towards influencing environmental social conditions that will aid in reaching goals, routinely utilizes qualitative research to explore concerns and/or issues. Although social workers have not historically emphasized the importance of research knowledge for decision making, during the past few decades, social workers have begun to positively influence the ways in which research is conducted.

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