Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder Term Paper

Pages: 3 (965 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Business

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder marked by hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar levels.

There are three main forms of this illness, each with similar signs, symptoms, and consequences. However, they have different causes and affect different populations. In all cases, tough, the primary cause is that the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are unable to produce sufficient insulin, leading to hyperglycemia. There are various treatments for diabetes that reduce the symptoms, but there is no cure. Higher blood sugar in the body can have a number of other detrimental health consequences that affect the sufferer.

Improving control is a primary goal for sufferers and their doctors. There is no cure, as noted, and so controlling blood sugar is the way that the deleterious effects of the disease are minimized. Type 1 diabetes develops in childhood, while Type 2 is also known as adult-onset diabetes. The latter may not require insulin injections but can progress to the point where that is what is required. Both types can be controlled with insulin, available medically since 1921. Both are also often controlled using dietary management and some tablets.

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A recent study of the control of diabetes for both types was undertaken over a ten-year period using the population of Germany as a test of diabetes care. This was a test of AGE products (for advanced glycation end products). These are a complex group of compounds implicated in diabetes related long-term complications. In this trial of a selection-free cohort of patients with insulin-treated Diabetes Mellitus, serum CML and pentosidine levels were examined in correlation to the patients' quality of diabetes control and the prevalence of diabetes related long-term complications. The results for the population showed an increase in Type 1 diabetes, while Type 2 remained constant. The effects of different substances on the development of the disease was shown, though more research is needed to determine the precise contribution of each and how to overcome the problem (Schiel et al. 391-399).

Term Paper on Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder Marked Assignment

Another report by Boulanger et al. examines advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) that result from a reaction between carbohydrates and the free amino groups of proteins, lipids, and DNA. It has been shown that non-enzymatic glycation is involved in glycated protein formation. AGEs are found in excess in pathological situations such as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, and aging, leading to AGE toxicity. Observers note that AGEs seem to be involved in the genesis of diabetic macro and also microangiopathy such as retinopathy and glomerulosclerosis. New drugs are being tested to prevent or break the AGE-protein cross-linkage, and dietary treatment, strict glycemic control, and the preservation of renal function are still the best approaches for preventing AGE formation and limiting their deleterious effects on the body (S8-16).

A study from Ethiopia extends the knowledge of the association between dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. The researchers note that various lipoprotein abnormalities have been described in patients with… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder.  (2007, July 10).  Retrieved February 26, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/diabetes-mellitus-metabolic-disorder/5192448

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"Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder."  Essaytown.com.  July 10, 2007.  Accessed February 26, 2021.