Research Paper: Disability Rights Movement

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[. . .] Using the assistance of psychologists and mental health professionals, candidates will learn new skills that are currently needed in the job market or those that can lead to success incase of self-employment.

The second stage is the development of a candidate's personal go-to-work rehabilitation plan which is developed in consultancy with the centre's physician who will gauge if the candidate is ready or not to go to the rehabilitation work.

The third stage will commence once the candidate return from the rehabilitation work and it would be decide if either he or she needs improvement on his or her work skill, further education or a whole re-train, that could ensure he lands a job in the market.

The last stage involves developing job search skills; here candidates are assisted by rehabilitation specialist to find work in various ways that include finding where the employment opportunities are, preparation of a candidates resume, assistance in joining a recruitment agency and practicing for interview skills and lastly develop strategies to get interviews or identify potentials organizations that are likely to hire.

Important to note about this proposal is that currently it is been funded by the federal U.S. governments which has being provided for in the constitution under the Hill-Burton act of 1946. Another example is in Canada where the vocational rehabilitation program that provides supported employment is funded by the government through the Canada pension plan disability program. However this funding are not easy to come by since the federal government require that certain conditions be met, which include verification of financial records and statistics, program administration, promotion, and co-ordination; and the measurement of outcomes of these programs.

The key role of psychologists and mental health professionals in vocational rehabilitation program

The first role played by either psychologists or mental health professionals when a patient enters into the rehabilitation centre for admission is to carry out an assessment in order to know the disability of the said candidate and its level. After which the disabled persons are categorized into groups depending on their disability and what kind of work they are going to be trained for.

In the first stage of the vocational rehabilitation program psychologist and mental health professionals, teach the disabled people skills that employers perceive viable and will accord them a competitive advantage in the labor market. Most importantly at this stage the specialist will try and nurture job skills among the participants of which they can use to create their own employment opportunities.

In second stage the psychologists and the mental health professionals, in assistance with a physician will develop a go-to-work rehabilitation plan. Here they are required to sign this rehabilitation plan of which it will become the patient's contract with the centre.

In the third stage the specialties are expected to evaluate the patient's performance in regards to the rehabilitation plan and make necessary recommendation. Lastly in the final stage psychologist and mental health professionals will help the disabled persons to secure a job placement (Baron, 2002, 585-599).

Analysis of the vocational rehabilitation program

Culturally the vocational rehabilitation program will be accepted in the community since everyone believes in the spirit of self-reliance and the community will support this initiative to make the disabled self-employed or independent financially. The community would also support this program since it will bring an end to the discrimination and the stereotype that are against the disabled persons.

In terms of politics the vocational rehabilitation program will receive support from the political class since supporting the disabled persons in the community will definitely please the electorate who will be argued to vote for the political elite who care for the plight of the disadvantaged in the community. Over the recent past the disability rights movements have been able to persuade the government to help them fight for rights of the disabled in the community. And the most commendable show of support from the government or the politicians in general was passing of the; Americans with disabilities act in 1990. This facts are evidence that vocational rehabilitation program will be feasible.

Economically the program would be costly in the short-term but in the long run economic analysts will view that the program will would lead to reduction in government expenditure and cost savings, since the federal aid that the disabled persons get from the government won't be given to them when they are already earning a leaving for themselves. The economy would also benefit from jobs created by graduates from the vocational rehabilitation program (Marwaha and Johnson, 2004 337-349).

Potential outcomes of the proposed action

One of the potential positive outcomes from a cultural perspective on vocational rehabilitation program that provides supported employment is it help in removing the stereotype attitude towards the disabled in the society, also discrimination against them will end and most importantly the symbolic interactionism social change theory won't apply on them any more. The society will now view those disabled persons who have graduated from the vocational rehabilitation program as equally capable as them and some could even be a threat for them in the job market because of their newly acquired skills

Economically the government is set to benefit from cost reduction in terms of the aid that was previously been given unto them by the federal government for their up keep considering that it was hard for them to secure employment opportunities. Further the economy is set to benefit from the additional jobs created by the self-employed disabled persons.

One of the negatives outcomes of this program is that the attitudes of the community towards the disabled will changes in terms of the social change theory of symbolic interactionism. The community would be unwilling or reluctant to support the disabled persons since they will consider them also to able-bodied like them. The government is also set to reduce it aid towards the disabled persons in the society, thus it may be a financial set back on them.

Ethical issues concerning vocational rehabilitation program

Psychologists working in the vocational rehabilitation will be under the regulation of the code of ethics, for example the psychologist working in rehabilitation programs in the United States are regulated under the professional ethics that are contained in the APA code of conduct that also stipulates the licensing requirements. These codes set the standards at which psychologist are expected to engage in responsible behavior, protect their clients rights and generally improve the disabled persons and the society as a whole (Marneros et al. 1990 352-358).

One of the ethical issues that a psychologist who is working in the vocational rehabilitation program would be faced with is the issue of respect of people's rights and dignity. The disability rights movements have strongly advocated for this but luckily the issues has been addressed in the five principle f which APA code is based upon: one of these principles is respect for people's rights and dignity.

Evaluation of the outcomes

Drake et al. (1994, 519-532) in their comprehensive study of the vocational rehabilitation programs, noted that to evaluate the outcome of the program it is necessary to look at some of indicators that include; competitive employment or regular entrepreneurship among the disabled, work or entrepreneurship under protected conditions; the increasing or decreasing number of new participants in the vocational rehabilitation programs; the unemployment levels and the level of permanent disability payments.

Conclusion

This research has critically analyzed the plight of the disabled persons in the community and the disabled rights movements that trace back their origin to more than two hundred years ago. The research brought forward the recommendation of an action plan that involves vocational rehabilitation program that could provide supported employment.

This proposal has been analyzed from different angles and the research can conclude that indeed it is feasible and the potential positive outcomes are far better than the potential negative outcomes. Consequently the research recommends that each and every state and the disabled rights movements located across the globe should advocate for such a program as it is not only a cost saving measure to the government but it is also a way through which the disabled can become self-reliant.

Work cited

Baron RC, Salzer (2002) Accounting for unemployment among people with mental illness. Behavior Science Law

Beiser M, Bean G, Erickson D, Zhang J, Iacono WG, and Rector NA.(1994) Biological and psychosocial predictors of job performance following a first episode of psychosis. Am J. Psychiatry

Boardman J, Grove B, Perkins R, and Shepherd G (2003). Work and employment for people with psychiatric disabilities Br J. Psychiatry

Carone BJ, Harrow M, and Westermeyer J., (1991) Post hospital course and outcome in schizophrenia, Arch Gen Psychiatry

Cook, J., and Razzano, L. (2000). Vocational rehabilitation for persons with schizophrenia: Recent research and implications for practice. Schizophrenia Bulletin

Crowther, R.E., Marshall, M., Bond, G.R., and Huxley, P. (2001). Helping people with severe mental illness to… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Disability Rights Movement.  (2011, February 3).  Retrieved March 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/disability-rights-movement/2544028

MLA Format

"Disability Rights Movement."  3 February 2011.  Web.  26 March 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/disability-rights-movement/2544028>.

Chicago Format

"Disability Rights Movement."  Essaytown.com.  February 3, 2011.  Accessed March 26, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/disability-rights-movement/2544028.