Disaster Management the Transformation Research Paper

Pages: 4 (1141 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Business - Management

The stated intention of this shuffling of agencies and jurisdictions would be to bring a greater level of coordination to the roles served by first-responders at the local level, officials at the state level and agencies at the federal level. The intention would be to create a multijurisdicaitonal and multiagency approach to coordinating the roles of those first on the ground with the resource capacity of those coming from the federal level to assist. The events connecting the creation of the new Department of Homeland Security to the mismanagement of local response to 9/11 would actually be consistent with an historical pattern.

Disaster Management policy has a long history of responsive transformation. That is, often in the wake of a catastrophic disaster, flaws are revealed in our policy or preparedness that must be remedied through policy refinement. This is a pattern that is evident early in the evolution of the concept of disaster management legislation in the early 19th century. According to ACF (2011), "the Congressional Act of 1803 is considered the first piece of disaster legislation. It provided one New Hampshire town with assistance after an extensive fire. In the century that followed, ad hoc legislation was passed more than 100 times in response to hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other disaster." (ACF, p. 1)Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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As the history of disaster management in the U.S., delineated in a section here above, shows, there was a direct connect between the rising occurrence of major natural disasters in human-inhabited regions of the country and the shifting of legislative policy orientation. ACF goes on to indicate that the evolution of disaster management and relief aimed at creating faster-moving and less bureaucratic emergency and disaster service agencies would be in response to a series of particularly severe natural events. According to ACF, the 1969 passage of the Disaster Relief Act would come in the midst of a series of such events, including Hurricane Carla (1962), Hurricane Betsy (1965), Hurricane Camille (1969), Hurricane Agnes (1972), the Alaska Earthquake (1964) and the Southern California Earthquake (1971). (ACF, p. 1) The relationship between the sharpening of responsiveness in the legislation and the occurrence of disaster management breakdowns is still a close one.

Quite so, this is a trend in evidence leading right up to 2001 and beyond. Subsequent even to the reshuffling of federal agencies overseeing disaster management, the tragic breakdown in disaster management that marked FEMA's first test under the Department of Homeland Security with Hurricane Katrina in 2005 would yield yet another round of personnel shifts and reforms that continue to redefine the body of knowledge possessed by our disaster management communities.

We may resolve that disaster management in the United States has transformed to reflect an improved body of knowledge in specific areas. Most important among them is that which recognizes the need for a high level of preemptive coordination and training at the local levels. Municipal governments, law agencies, schools and other public spaces must be given the training, education and resources to create the strategies of preparedness that work for them on an individual level even as the federal government ensures that it provides coordinate oversight that is fast and efficient. In many ways, we are still striving to render this knowledge into consistently effective strategy.

Works Cited:

Act Alliance (AA). (2010). History of Disaster Preparedness. Psychosocial.actalliance.org.

ACF. (2011). Emergency Management… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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