Domestic Terrorism America Is Home Essay

Pages: 10 (3000 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] They once destroyed a laboratory in Michigan University because the laboratory was used to create genetically modified organisms funded by Monsanto (Grubbs, 2010). In reality, Monsanto only donated a paltry 2000 USD to send 5 African students to a conference on biotechnology. In their wisdom they have maintained that whatever they did was justified.

The Army of God revels on religious pretexts to harm others. They use violence to discourage abortion and homosexual activities as exemplified in their attacks on gay night clubs and abortion clinics. One of its members, Eric Rudolph, planted a bomb at the 1996 Olympics venue in Atlanta, Georgia. Two people succumbed and whopping 150 others injured. He explained without remorse in 2005 his action was an indictment to the government for its abortion on demand viewpoints. He confessed to bombing two abortion clinics and a gay night club.

Another domestic terrorist organization in the United States is the Animal Liberation Front (Best & Nocella, 2004). This organization engages in freeing animals from laboratories, farms, and factories. The claims that they are non-violent are betrayed by the fact that they cause millions of dollars worth of damage to farmers and animals while attempting to save animals (Grubbs, 2010).

The Black Liberation Army was founded in 1970 with a view to promoting equal rights for African-Americans through violence. Its strength has since diminished. However, its splinter still enjoys some significant following that still adheres to its original belief system. At its inception it carried out bank robberies and the murders of at least 13 police officers. They are also remembered for hijacking a Delta airlines flight in 1972, demanding 1 million dollars in ransom before diverting the flight to Algeria. It is unclear how some of their actions were meant to benefit African-Americans who were living in the United States.

The Sovereign Citizens have a weird system of beliefs that advocates for perpetration of violence and anarchy amongst the populace. Members of this organization believe that although they live within the United States territory they are sovereign from the government and should therefore not pay taxes, acknowledge law enforcement officers, or abide by the government laws (Fitzgerald, 2013). They believe that the government oppresses them and therefore file thousands of frivolous cases every month as a way of getting back at the government. They threaten judges and politicians who they perceive to be threatening their way of life (Fitzgerald, 2013). They have on a number of occasions shot and killed law enforcement officers who have stopped them from minor violations such as speeding. They have no respect for any form of authority.

The Crips is a domestic terrorist organization that was founded in the 1970s in Los Angeles. The gang originally protected the neighborhood fro outside threats (Fitzgerald, 2013). Its membership has grown to over 30,000 members across the United States. They have no belief system or agenda. They merely act out of need or impulse with no regard for anyone else. They use murder to scare the public and the rival gangs. They are blamed for widespread use of PCP, Crack Cocaine, and amphetamines (Fitzgerald, 2013). They are ruthless and unpredictable.

As has previously been stated in the introduction Ku Klux Klan is one such terrorist organization that has survived for a very long time. It dates back to post civil war era. It was created to restore white supremacy by assaulting freed slaves and their sympathizers. This group assassinated prominent African-Americans in the political religious cycles. Some were very prominent community leaders (Freilich, Chermak & Caspi, 2009). They have currently focused their attention on illegal immigrants, homosexuals, urban criminals and African-Americans. They have killed many people through the history of America. They have also engaged in destruction of property that belongs to the minority households.

Domestic terrorism and law enforcement

Domestic terrorism in the United States is a cyclical phenomenon in the sense that it has discernable peaks. It appears to be fuelled by political polarization and widespread distrust of the government on both the extreme right and the extreme left. From these developments the cycle of domestic terrorism is likely to continue for some time. The domestic terrorism cases are conducted by lone actors. The intensity of these attacks often differs if the attack by McVeigh and Nichols is anything to go by. Basically, the implications of domestic and foreign terrorist attacks are the same. Law enforcement officers must appreciate that terrorist attacks do not appear in vacuum. Perpetrators of terrorist attacks follow a discernible cycle. That cycle involves behavior that can be identified and detected before the attack is conducted. The government cannot physically protect all potential targets from all sorts of terrorist attacks. Some places are vulnerable to attack should an assailant's preoperative activity go undetected. It is the responsibility of the citizens to guarantee their own security. They have to report suspicious activities to the authorities and practice good situational awareness. They should also have updated and appropriate contingency plans for their families and businesses.

The United States government, after the September 11th terrorist attack, put a lot of emphasis on counterterrorism policies. This has not deterred domestic terrorists with extremist ideologies from killing American citizens and damaging property across the country (Smith, 2011). Not all of these criminals have been prosecuted using terrorism statutes. Is the American government taking domestic terrorism less seriously? The federal government should come up with a domestic terrorism scope that is proffered that assists policy makers in countering domestic terrorism. The executive branch agencies should release annual statistics on domestic terrorism prosecution and name individuals and movements involved. Lack of accounting from the side of the congress makes it difficult for the policy makers to exercise oversight by comparing levels of domestic terrorist activity against violent homegrown jihadist activity. It is thought provoking that domestic terrorism rarely features in the Director of National Intelligence Priorities Framework (Smith, 2011). There is no standard across federal agencies applied to domestic terrorism cases with respect to intelligence gathering and program prioritization. There is no standard for collecting intelligence from state and local investigators with respect to domestic terrorism.

The NCTC is the principal body charged with integrating and analyzing intelligence pertaining to counterterrorism. Because of its lead role on counterterrorism, the FBI simply performs parallel responsibility of averting terrorist threats. Obama administration's strategy dubbed Combating Violent Extremism (CVE) is supposed to be used to counter radicalization of terrorists. The CVE is supposed to counter the radicalization of all types of potential terrorists. This strategy however, mainly focuses on violent jihadists regardless of the fact that domestic violence also falls under it. The CVE efforts are dependent on cooperation of government agencies with local groups. In fact the administration's national CVE strategy is more of a community based approach. The federal government is the facilitator, convener, and a source of information for this strategy. The federal CVE work is a community engagement. Congress in its wisdom may ask the Administration the domestic terrorists it intends to focus on and the communities it seeks to engage regarding matters pertaining to non-jihadist terrorism.

Other federal agencies also play a pivotal role in combating domestic terrorism. These include Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives (ATF) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). They work in concert with state and local law enforcement representatives within the framework of Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs), the Department of Justice, and the FBI. The JTTF is comprised of police officers, federal agents, analysts, linguists, SWAT experts, and other terrorism and terrorism related crime investigative specialists. These more than 600 officers are drawn from state and local agencies and 50 federal agencies (Barker & Fowler, 2008). The JTTF is the nation's front line on terrorism. It is their duty to investigate acts of terrorism that affect the U.S., its interests, property and citizens, and military personnel overseas. They carry out highly tactical operations that involve developing human sources and gathering intelligence to thwart terrorist plots. They also enhance intelligence sharing emanating from FBI-led counterterrorism investigators with outside agencies and state and local law enforcers.

References List

Ackerman, G.A. (2003). Beyond Arson? A Threat Assessment of the Earth Liberation Front.

Political Violence, 15(4), 155-156.

Barker, B. & Fowler, S. (2008). The FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force Officer. The FBI Law

Enforcement Bulletin, 77(11), 13.

Best, S. & Nocella, A.J. (2004).Terrorists or Freedom Fighters? Reflections on the Liberation of Animals. New York: Lantern Books.

Fitzgerald, A. (2013). Ten Terrorist Organizations Operating in the U.S. Retrieved from http://listverse.com/2013/03/24/10-terrorist-organizations-operating-in-the-us/

Freilich, J.D., Chermak, S.M., & Caspi, D. (2009). Critical Events in the Life Trajectories of Domestic White Supremacist Groups. Criminology and Public Policy, 8(3), 508.

Grubbs, K.R. (2010). Saving Lives or Spreading Fear: The Terroristic Nature of Eco-Extremism.

Animal Law, 16(2), 353-57.

Johnston, R. (2013). Terrorist attacks and Related incidents in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/terrorism/wrjp255a.html

Masters, J. (2011). Militant Extremists in the United States. Washington: Council on Foreign

Relations.

Smith, R.J.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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