Term Paper: Domestic Violence Evolution

Pages: 7 (2345 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Sports - Women  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] More recently, domestic violence courts were also set into place to see to these reforms and "align the civil and legal systems to ensure consistent application of sanctions and reliefs in cases involving domestic violence." [15: Fagan, J. (1996). "The Criminalization of Domestic Violence: Promises and Limits." National Institute of Justice. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from Lexis Nexis Academic. ]

Another step was to form organizations, such as HelpGuide.org, to deal with this issue. This non-profit resource not only provides help, as the Strengthen our Sisters organization does, but provides international hotlines for women. It begins with a note stating the domestic abuse can happen to anyone and can lead to lasting scars, if it remains unaddressed. This encourages those who suffer to call the hotlines, which firmly state that women do not have to live in fear. Furthermore, the following information is provided to help victims:

"In the U.S., call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1- [HIDDEN] (SAFE).

UK: call Women's Aid at 0808 2000 247.

Canada: National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1- [HIDDEN]

Australia: National Domestic Violence Hotline [HIDDEN]

Male victims of abuse can call:

In the U.S., The Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men & Women specializes in supporting

male victims of abuse and offers a 24-hour helpline: 1-888-7HELPLINE (1-888-743-

UK: ManKind Initiative offers a national helpline at 01823 334244.

Australia: One in Three Campaign offers help and resources for male victims." [16: Not Available. (2011). "Understanding Domestic Violence and Abuse." HelpGuide.org. Retrieved May 1, 2011, . ]

Helpguide.org thus provides all victims, regardless of gender, with a clear source for help and is doing its share of the work to help remedy domestic violence and uphold the laws that have been put into place domestically and internationally in the recent decades.

How Domestic Violence Affects Others

To understand how domestic violence affects children, who are the most affected by this matter, now that we have the historical and social context, one must understand why domestic abuse occurs and why women choose to stay, as well as what solutions may be put into place to remedy this situation. [17: Gewirtz, A. & DeGarmo D.S. & Medhanie, A. (2011). "Effects of mother's parenting practices on child internalizing trajectories following partner violence." Journal of Family Psychology, 25(1). Retrieved May 1, 2011.]

The reason why people abuse are many, and they almost always include an overpowering, defensive male against a defenseless female. In fact, the male is often seen as the abuse, which is why the paper has addressed this issue as such, because the females are most often the victims. Reasons for abuse also include, according to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, family dysfunction, inadequate communication skills, provocation by women, stress, chemical dependency, and lack of spirituality and economic hardship. According to a study, the typical male batterer also objectifies women, does not seen them as people, does not respect them and sees them as property or sexual objects. Furthermore, he may have low self-esteem and may feel inadequate, even if successful. Thus he exerts all these issues on the women which accompany him, whether in marriage or in life. [18: Davis, J. (1999). "Domestic Abuse." Cabot Police Department. Retrieved May 1, 2011, < http://www.cji.edu/papers/Domestic%20Abuse%20Report.pdf>. ]

The next question, if this issue is so harmful to the development of children, is to examine why victims stay. Again, these answers may vary as well. A victim may stay in an abusive relationship out of fear of change. Often, many victims blame themselves and feel it is dangerous to leave the abuser. Furthermore, if the male has the money and the social status, a women will often endure battering so that her children may have a better life, even if this is not so. [19: Davis, J. (1999). "Domestic Abuse." Cabot Police Department. Retrieved May 1, 2011, < http://www.cji.edu/papers/Domestic%20Abuse%20Report.pdf>. ]

So what solutions are there? Well, there are no simple solutions to domestic abuse. Yes, there is a legal recourse, and yes, the police is responsive, but ultimately, the burden falls on the victim, or the victim's friends to seek help. Often, women will leave men or vice versa if someone stresses that it is in the child's best interest. From an officer's standpoint everything must be done to ensure that the victim is treated with the utmost respect and is helped as much as possible. These are some solutions that can help remedy the domestic violence issue.


The issue of domestic violence has clearly evolved into a very important topic in today's society, and it can affect anyone, whether man or woman, lawyer or social worker, rich or poor. Thus, it is important to uphold laws and encourage those who need it, to seek help. [END OF PREVIEW]

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