Research Paper: Dozens of Internal Parasites

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[. . .] The most common medicines used for treatment are pyrantel pamoate, oxibendazole and ivermectin. The dewormer fenbendazole which comes under the brand name Panacur and Safeguard covers all stages of the large and small strongyles life cyce. It should be given in the dosage, 10mg/kg per day for five days. Ivermectin which comes under EquiMax or Ivercare is effective against migrating large strongyles in dosage 0.2/kg once. Moxidectin, known as Quest and Quest plus should be given 0.4mg/kg once and is effective against migrating stongyles and stage three and stage four larvae. ("illustrated veterinary encyclopedia for horsemen" 702)

It is necessary for farmers and horse owners to prevent their horses from this deadly disease. However it is a difficult task since it requires keeping them away from land because this not only costly in terms of bedding and feeding but also prevents them from interacting with other horses which has a negative impact on them. Because we can not keep horses away from pastures adequate management and sanitation of these areas should be done. This minimizes the spread of the infection. Manure should be disposed properly. Overstocking in pastures should be avoided and a large area of land should be allotted to only a few horses. Younger horses should be allowed to graze away from older horses because they are relatively more susceptible to becoming infected and rotation of grazing should be done. If at a particular time horses occupy a certain pasture, cows and sheep should be allowed to graze there after them so that the affect and spread of infection in other horses decreases. Clean water supply should be provided to the horses and any contamination of water with feces should be controlled. Horse stables should be kept clean and land that is not grazed by the animal should be composted. (Lyons, Tolliver, and Drudge )

Apart from pasture management techniques to prevent the outburst of the disease regular deworming of animals should be done by anthelmintics. This is the removal of parasites from the intestinal tract of animals and they are save from any damage caused by the parasite. Also, deworming breaks the cycle of the parasites limiting the spread of infevtion. The best way to deworm horses is to administer a dewormer in small quantities every day. However, many horse keepers cannot afford to do so as costs of deworming medicines are quite high, so it is recommended that periodical deworming be done and anthalmentics should be changed on regular basis in order to prevent the resistance. Regular faecal flotations should be conducted to determine the egg count of worms in horses so that treatment for any signs of danger can be done before hand. Not only horses that seem weak should be looked after but every horse on the farm should be regularly checked and treated. (Lyons, Tolliver, and Drudge)

Of course it is not possible to perform all the aforementioned tasks because climate, age, gender, humidity, stocking rate and the financial situation of the horse owner affect the selection of a control programme for large strongyles. Programmes which are best suited to the conditions should be selected. If a farmer is not able to afford certain dewomers, he should make it a habit to at least focus attention on pasture management programmes and vice versa. Farmers should be well educated of these programmes and should be able to decide which is best suited to their needs. (Lyons, Tolliver, and Drudge)

Millions of dollars are spent every year, not only by horse owners but by other government and private bodies as well in order to search for a proper cure and treatment against parasites. For horses, internal parasites are a serious problem and should not be treated lightly. No matter how much one tries to prevent the breakout of infection it is bound to happen. Care should be taken that proper control measures are taken and that horses are regularly checked for any signs of danger. There is no one program which is effective in all circumstances and therefore animal doctors must be consulted and a proper plan be devised to ensure the maximum health of the animal.

References

Gore, T., P. Gore, and J. Giffen. Horse Owner's Veterinary Handbook. John Wiley & Sons,

2008. 692. eBook.

The illustrated veterinary encyclopedia for horsemen. Equine Research Publications, 1975.

702. Web.

Lyons, E., S. Tolliver, and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Dozens of Internal Parasites."  Essaytown.com.  March 3, 2012.  Accessed March 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dozens-internal-parasites/5793881.