Dust at Ground Zero Term Paper

Pages: 2 (786 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism

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Dust at Ground Zero

On September 11, 2001, a terrorist organization called Al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines. Two of these airlines crashed into the World Trade Center Towers in New York City, one into the wall of the Pentagon in Washington, DC, and the third crashed in rural Pennsylvania, largely due to the passengers and crew interceding. Over 3,000 people died in these attacks from the initial damage, the majority civilians including nationals from over 90 different countries (Bin Laden Claims, 2004).

Since there, there has been a great deal of concerns regarding the health effects caused by the 9/11 attacks in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, the so called Ground Zero area. Literally within a few seconds following the attacks, dust from the affected buildings filled the air as building materials, electronic equipment, and furniture burned are collapsed. Increasing numbers of New York residents and those who responded to the 9/11 event have been reporting systems of respiratory illnesses (Barry, 2006).

According to air pollution experts the dust from the collapsed towers was "wildly toxic," and the thousands of tons of toxic matter included more than 2,500 contaminants. Of those, 50% were non-fibrous material and construction debris, 40% glass or other fibers, 9.2% cellulose and .8% the toxic carcinogen asbestos. There were also detectable amounts of lead, mercury, dioxin, and PAH's from the fires that burned for over 90 days after the event (What Was found in the Dust? 2006).

The government's own Centers for Disease Control, Environmental Protection Agency, and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health agree that many of the substances (asbestos, silica, lead, hydrocarbons, etc.) are known to be carcinogens; and that other systems that were in the dust have been proven to trigger kidney, heart, liver and nervous system disorders. This has led to a number of debilitating illnesses among aid and recovery workers, and over the past few years, many first responders are developing serious respiratory issues, with the effects extending outward from Ground Zero into various other boroughs of the city (Updated 9/11 Report, 2005).

Severe symptoms from the dust, burning fuel, and ancillary items were primarily focused on respiratory issues. The World Trade Center Cough, occurred within days and up to 6 months after the incident, and was related to smoke exposure and level of toxicity. Cancer was seen in at least 75 workers,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Dust at Ground Zero.  (2012, October 2).  Retrieved December 12, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dust-ground-zero/5424032

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"Dust at Ground Zero."  2 October 2012.  Web.  12 December 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dust-ground-zero/5424032>.

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"Dust at Ground Zero."  Essaytown.com.  October 2, 2012.  Accessed December 12, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/dust-ground-zero/5424032.