Research Paper: Dylan Thomas Wrote Sixteen Poems

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Dylan Thomas wrote sixteen poems that were considered as great. Thomas was born in a middle class family and his father was a schoolteacher. Hoewver, Thomas did not wear the "old school tie, his upper lip was far from stiff and everything about him seemed too much. In short, he was a slob." (Tindall, 1962) The work of Tindall states that Thomas "burst upon London with his marvels…in 1933" and dazzled his readers. (1962) Thomas proclaimed that he was a "Welshman" first and secondly a "drunkard." (Tindall, 1962) Thomas is described as "outrageous, irresponsible and charming." (Tindall, 1962)

Thomas is reported to have both acted and looked like a poet. Thomas' poems are about "the daisies in deep" and used phrase that were transcendental" and what was loved most by Thomas' followers was "his voice -- not what he said but how he said it." (Tindall, 1962) His voice was "the true voice of feeling." (Tindall, 1962 ) In Thomas' work 'New Lines' (1956) Thomas holds to the idea that "poetry must be metaphorical." (Tindall, 1962) Thomas is stated to be "out of fashion." (Tindall, 196) American taste however, running about two decades behind British preferences is reported to be satisfied with Thomas' work. There was no interest in politics or sports on the part of Thomas and he is stated to be "a religious poet, a surrealist, a disciple of Freud, a composer of nonsense verse, and a student of Welsh 'Cynghannedd'." (Tindall, 1962) Thomas simply does not fit into any mold of his day.

Biography of Arthur Miller

Arthur Miller was born in New York City on October 17, 1915, to Isadore and Gittel Miller, who were 30 and 22 years of age respectively. Miller had an older brother and they lived in a "splendid apartment in comfort and security high above Central Park." (Gottfried, 2004) Miller's father was prosperous due to his owning Miltex Coat and Suit factory and showroom with in excess of 800 employees. Miller's family was Jewish as was his neighborhood and school. Miller's father invested heavily on the stock market and lost all of his holdings overnight and was bankruptcy. The family moved to Brooklyn living near Miller's aunts. Arthur Miller was not an instant success in his writing career. While there were some Broadway producers interested in his plays in 1940, there are reported to have been "no takers." (Gottfried, 2004) The Theatre Guild is reported to have offered constructive criticism stating that Miller's plays were too challenging "not merely in the way that they were written, but in what they were saying." (Gottfried, 2004)

Miller is reported to have left college as a "praised, prized and confidently budding playwright, protected by the conviction that failing to get a drama produced did not mean that it was worthless, not did having a play produced mean that it was valuable." (Gottfried, 2004 ) However, Miller questioned his ability. Miller wrote the majority of his work from his own personal experiences. Miller went to work at the Navy shipyard in 1942. Miller had a regular weekly radio series called 'The Dupont Cavalcade of America' on Monday nights on NBC Blue network and the radio experience "served him well. Toward the end of 1943 Miller was presented with a lucrative screening writing opportunity, $750 a week to write a script based on the celebrated and beloved war correspondent Ernie Pyle." (Gottfried, 2004 ) Miller wrote many plays but his masterpieces include "Death of a Salesman', 'The Crucible', and 'A View from the Bridge'.

Biography of Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman is one of the most prominent of nineteenth century poets. Whitman was born on Long Island in 1819 and grew up in Brooklyn. Whitman was formally educated and worked as a printer, reporter, editor, and schoolteacher. The work of Reynolds (2011) states that Whitman described himself as a poet "attracting [the nation], body and soul to himself, hanging on it neck with incomparable love,/plunging his seminal muscle into its merits and demerits." (Reynolds, 2011) Whitman wrote in his 1955 'Leaves of Grass' preface that the proof of a poet "is that his country absorbs him as affectionately as he has absorbed it."Whitman is reported to have "effected real change in the realm of literature. Stylistically, he had exploded conventional patterns of rhyme and meter, freeing the poetic line to follow the organic rhythms of feeling and voice." (Reynolds, 2011) Whitman's work introduced "new democratic inclusiveness, absorbing images from virtually every aspect of social and cultural life." (Reynolds, 2011) Whitman held that he thought of art as "something to serve the people -- the mass: when it fails to do that its false to its promises." (Reynolds, 2011) Whitman attempted to write his poetry from a view of nature and celebration of the earth. Whitman's works contain restlessness and feelings of unhappiness and it is stated by Reynolds that these feelings associated with Whitman's childhood was due to his family's "unstable position in the changing economic and social order." (Reynolds, 2011) Reynolds additionally notes that these early exposure to "issues of class and politics…later would flower in his political journalism and differently in his poetry." (Reynolds, 2011)

Biography of August Wilson

The work of Nadel (1993) states that August Wilson is one of the "most significant playwrights in the history of American Theater and one of the most important contemporary African-American writers." (Nadel, 1993) Wilson began writing plays in the 1970s as well as in the latter part of the 1970s Wilson is reported to have "embarked on an ambitious project to write a cycle of plays about African-American life, one set in each decade of the twentieth century." (Nadel, 1993) Wilson is reported as one of the "most productive of American dramatists and equally one of the most vigilant historicizes of African-American Experience." (Nadel, 1993)

Biography of Seamus Heaney

Seamus Heaney was born in 1939 to Patrick Heaney and Margaret Kathleen Heaney in County Derry, Northern Ireland at the family farm Mossbawn. Seamus was the oldest of nine children. Heaney attended a school that had a mix of Catholic and Protestant children. Heaney was awarded first Class Honors in English at Queen's and the McMullen Medal for academic achievement. One of the first of Heaney's poems was published in Queen's literary magazine in 1959. In 1962-62 Heaney studied at St. Joseph's College of Education in Belfast to earn his Teacher's Training Diploma. Heaney became a lecturer at St. Josephs University and in 1969 Heaney spent two months in Europe to fulfill the requirements of the Somerset Maugham Award. Heaney's essays and articles 'Preoccupations' were published between the years of 1965 and 1975. Heaney was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in Stockholm, Sweden in 1995. (Vendler, 2012, paraphrased)

Biography of Tennessee Williams

Tennessee Williams was born Thomas Lanier Williams in Mississippi. The publicly known Tennessee Williams was "largely his own creation." (Tischler, 2000) Williams was a rebel against his upbringing in a Puritan home and was an "intensely serious writer who saw his creativity as a gift and writing as a vocation." (Tischler, 2000) The Delta South influenced his writing and specifically in his work "Two Rivers Country" it is stated "The heat, the storms, the floods in that region, the division into social classes, the color imagery and rhythms of the speech were to shape his setting and dialogue." (Tischler, 2000) Williams immortalized his own family in his plays. Williams's life was influenced by a trip he took in 1928 to Europe that involved a trip into New York City. Williams went to see plays on Broadway. Williams studied at the University of Missouri at Columbia. Williams failed in school but found that parties and drinking were right up his alley. Williams attended the University of Iowa in 1939. Williams first play produced by the Theatre Guild is reported as having "provoked outrage there and quickly closed" leaving Williams "shocked and discouraged." (Tischler, 2000) In 1941 Williams acknowledged his homosexuality. Williams wrote daily. Williams received grants from the Rockefeller foundation. In 1944 his best play 'The Glass Menagerie' was produced. Other successes include 'A Streetcar Named Desire'. Williams Whitman died February 24, 1983 at his New York City residence. Whitman is author of twenty-five plays, as well as two novels, sixty short stories and more than one hundred poems.

Biography of Miuel Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a playwright and Spanish novelist, poet as well as a playwright. Cervantes work 'Don Quixote' is held as the first modern European novel as well as being a classic of Western literature. Cervantes father was a barber and surgeon and his mother was sold into marriage in 1543. There is little known of Cervantes childhood. Cervantes married Catalina de Salazar y Palacios in 1584 and lived a wandering existence for two decades working as a tax collector for the Spanish Armada. Cervantes lived in poverty until 1605 when Don Quixote was published.

History of Noh Theatre -- Theatre of Japan

The work of Pound (2004) writes that… [END OF PREVIEW]

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