Research Paper: Eating Behaviors in First Year

Pages: 4 (1401 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] (Anderson et al., The freshman year…, 2003) The vast majority of weight gained during freshman year is gained during the first semester. During the fall semester of the American academic year, there are a great deal many holidays in that time. American holidays are absolutely about eating whether it is eating candy on Halloween, eating festive food on Thanksgiving, or holiday meals with family and friends for the many winter holidays celebrated by the subcultures of America. College students are eating more and drinking more because they have low self-esteem and they are away from hope. In addition, American traditions that overlap during the fall semester of the academic year add to their food and alcohol consumption. The poor eating habits, drinking habits, and low self-esteem that freshman have during their first years is compounded further by some of the cultural traditions of their country, contributing more to obesity and alcoholism in young people.

Lowe et al. agree with and performed a study that conforms to the other researchers mentioned in this paper. They agree that freshman year is a heightened period of weight gain, an important period in the human lifespan with increased vulnerability for weight gain. (2006) They contend:

The transition from high school to college is thought to be associated with an increased risk for weight gain because it is often accompanied by a reduction in physical activity (Butler et al., 2004) and increased consumption of high-fat foods and alcohol (Anderson et al., 2003). Conceptually, this is a critical developmental transition because, for many adolescents, this is the first time they are solely responsible for self-regulation regarding caloric intake and physical activity. Because weight gain occurs in a relatively short period of time, the freshman year of college is a desirable time to study risk factors for weight gain. (Lowe et al., Multiple types of dieting…, 2006)

Thus during the transition to college from high school, there is a massive shift in activities. As previously considered, freshman make a reduction in their physical activities and increase consumption of forbidden foods or foods that should normally eaten in moderation, as well as increased consumption of alcohol, which is obtained illegally as much as typical freshman are ages 17 -- 19. The freedom and the independence from the home and familiar environments as well as familiar roles, seems to generally result in reduced physical activity, reduced self-esteem, with increases in food and alcohol consumption during freshman year. Racette et al. concur:

Sedentary lifestyles and excess calorie intake contribute to overweight and obesity, and the period between adolescence and early adulthood is accompanied by lifestyle changes that predispose young adults to become less physically active. (Weight Changes…, 2005)

The behaviors that freshman develop during their first year increase the chances of sustained weight gain (obesity) and potential for alcoholism over the course of adulthood. Therefore the issues of weight gain and alcohol consumption during freshman year of college have very serious implications for the present and the future. It is a public health concern that needs our attention and more importantly, high school students and incoming freshman needs to be informed of these health concerns, so as to avoid or counteract the conditions that contribute to the infamous "freshman 15."

References:

Anderson, D.A., Shapiro, J.R., & Lundgren, J.D. (2003) The freshman year of college as a critical period for weight gain: An initial evaluation. Eating Behaviors, 4, 363 -- 367.

Lowe, M.R., Annunziato, R.A., Didie, E., Stice, E., Markowitz, J.T., Bellace, D.L., Riddell, L., Maille, C., & McKinney S. (2006) Multiple types of dieting prospectively predict weight gain freshman year of college. Appetite, 47, 83 -- 90.

Lowery, S.E., Robinson Kurpius, S.E., Blanks, E.H., Sollenberger, S., Nicpon, M.F., Befort, C., & Huser, L. (2005) Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Health-Related Behaviors Among Male and Female First Year College Students. Journal of College Student Development, 46(6), 612 -- 623.

Racette, PhD., S.B., Deusinger, PhD, PT, S.S., Strube, PhD, M.J., Highstein, RN, PhD, G.R., & Deusinger, PT, PhD, R.H. (2005) Weight Changes, Exercise, and Dietary… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 4-page paper:  $26.88

or

2.  Buy & remove for 30 days:  $38.47

or

3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Eating Disordered Mothers Influence to the Cause of Unhealthy Eating Behavior on Daughters Research Proposal


Eating Disorders Contain a Series of Situations Term Paper


Eating Disorders Among Adolescents Term Paper


Behavior Modification Techniques Applied to Overeating Term Paper


Eating and Cholesterol Term Paper


View 1,000+ other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Eating Behaviors in First Year.  (2012, June 8).  Retrieved April 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/eating-behaviors-first-year/8754168

MLA Format

"Eating Behaviors in First Year."  8 June 2012.  Web.  21 April 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/eating-behaviors-first-year/8754168>.

Chicago Format

"Eating Behaviors in First Year."  Essaytown.com.  June 8, 2012.  Accessed April 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/eating-behaviors-first-year/8754168.