Ebola Outbreak in US Term Paper

Pages: 3 (1089 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Disease


The Ebola Virus

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and analyze the book "The Hot Zone" by Richard Preston. Specifically it will discuss the realities of an Ebola virus outbreak in the United States. "The Hot Zone" discusses the Ebola virus, a deadly virus that has spread to many areas in the world through monkeys imported from Africa. When it first became know, it was difficult to recognize and almost impossible to treat because doctors did not recognize it or know how to treat it. Compounding the difficulties are the several different types of Ebola viruses and their differing treatments and diagnosis makes these viruses extremely difficult to treat and control. Ebola is deadly, there is no real treatment for it, and if it was unleashed as a bioterrorism agent, it could wipe out entire populations quite easily.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Ebola Outbreak in US Assignment

The Hot Zone" covers the first known case of the Ebola Virus, then known as the Marburg Virus, and follows it from its origins in Africa to an outbreak in the United States in 1989 through 1990. Author Preston notes, "The first know emergence of Ebola Zaire - the hottest type of Ebola virus - occurred in September 1976, when it erupted simultaneously in fifty-five villages near the headwaters of the Ebola River" (Preston 62). The virus is very unusual because it is made up of strings rather than the clumps that make up more traditional viruses, and it is very difficult to prevent and treat. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control note, "There is no standard treatment for Ebola HF. Patients receive supportive therapy. This consists of balancing the patient's fluids and electrolytes, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure, and treating them for any complicating infections" (Editors). It is related to several other viruses, but has mutated to be far worse than measles, mumps, or rabies, which it is related to. Author Preston writes, "Like measles, it triggers a rash all over the body. Some of its effects resemble rabies - psychosis, madness. Other of its effects look eerily like a bad cold" (Preston 65), which is another reason it is difficult to diagnose, especially at first, and that is why many people die from it, they often do not seek any real treatment until it is far too late. While there is no known cure for the disease, sometimes early treatment does seem to help in the survival rate of the disease.

The virus traveled to the United States via monkeys from the Philippines, where the virus was not known to exist before. Some of the monkeys were infected with the Ebola virus, and they spread it to human scientists who worked with the monkeys in a warehouse in Reston, Virginia. The Army disease center (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick in Maryland discovers the disease in the monkeys, after the monkey's keeper became concerned that so many were dying, and they take over the investigation, splitting responsibility with the Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control. When the Army cleaned out the monkey house, they engaged in the first ever large-scale biohazard mission in history, and they cleaned the building, but it later continued to infect monkeys. The outbreak in Virginia only affected monkeys, and did not affect the workers in the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Ebola Outbreak in US.  (2007, November 23).  Retrieved April 6, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/ebola-outbreak/630549

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"Ebola Outbreak in US."  23 November 2007.  Web.  6 April 2020. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/ebola-outbreak/630549>.

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"Ebola Outbreak in US."  Essaytown.com.  November 23, 2007.  Accessed April 6, 2020.