Economy on Crime Rates Term Paper

Pages: 10 (3250 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 12  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

¶ … Economy on Crime Rates

It is the general aim of all researchers not only to discover new information but as much as possible to build on what other people have already done in the field (Becker, p76). This is particularly important as these works whether published or unpublished can serve as a cheaper source of mobilizing data. It also helps the researcher to put the issues under consideration into the right perspective. The San Bernardino economy in general has received its fair share of academic and non-academic writing based on research or normative thought.

Some these works have usually focused on selected aspects of the economy just like this one seeks to examine the economy in relationship to crime rate. This research will examine these works of other researchers in order to broaden the frontiers of knowledge.

Profile of San Bernardino

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According to Becker et all (2007, pp28-30.), the interaction between crime and economy is a unique subject in the general study of criminology hence justifying the numerous researches that has been devoted to this field of study including the eleventh criminological colloquium of the council of Europe. Ehrlich (1999, p3) defines the topic as the "links between structural economic changes and business cycles and crime." Although crime has always been traced to illegal immigration, globalisation and cultural extrapolation, exposure to violent orientation in films, breakdown of family structure, inordinate desire to get rich quick, drug abuse and child trafficking, Juston however argues that recent studies have focused on economic factors such as unemployment, increased disposable income, proliferation of cash-based economy, increase economic value for drugs and sex related trade. In order to understand the nitty-gritty of the subject as it pertains to specific environments as the case of San Bernardino an understanding of the social cultural environment is always needed.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Economy on Crime Rates it Is the Assignment

In California, crime and crime related activities has been the agenda for a number of local and county-based seminars, conferences and initiatives. According to Lochner (1999, p34) the upsurge in crime and the growing complexity of the phenomenon in the San Bernardino demands an urgent attention and strategy to curtail its further deterioration. Grogger (2006, p32) asserts the importance of this and supports his claims by the recent United Nations Organisation publication which affirms that crime rate across the globe increases each year by a whooping 7.5% on the averages. She agrees with the organization in their view that crime wave is assuming a level of complexity unequaled in the annals of human history. McDonalds (Freeman, 2009, p75) reports that most of the crimes in America come in the form of sexual crimes, robbery, narcotic, prostitution, terrorism, academic crimes and other domestic violence.

The San Bernardo County in California in the United States of America acts as the capital of the region. Statistics from the 2009 quarterly bulletin of the administrative council asserts that the city is the eighteenth largest in California and the one hundred and first major state in the whole of the United States of America. Although the town is adorned with some of the beautiful edifices of nature and technology, it still has a lot of socio economic challenges that its currently fighting. (Freeman, 2009, p43) The city like all other ones of the United States of American is very cosmopolitan in nature embracing people of all persuasion with a predominant number of black and white American occupying a substantial portion of the entire city. Although the city does not appear to be a major hub of economic activity due to the closure of the Norton Air force which was a major tourist destination and the subsequent relocation of Kaiser Steel as well as railway job. (Flinn, 2003, p12)

However the fact that the famous McDonald food chain traces its root to this city is enough to give the city a fair share of economic activity. This is without prejudice to the economic booms which the city receives each year due to the inland empire which is considered to be the fourteenth largest train route in the whole of the United States of America and the annual route number sixty six rendezvous which is a multi-tentacle and classic automobile event held in the city each September as well as the National orange show held in April/May and the Western regional little league championship held in august of each year to consolidate the economic achievements of the city. (Ehrlich 1999, p97). The city's administration office reveals that hospitality is the most vibrant economic activity within the territory. This information is very crucial to the discussion as it unfolds.

The population of the city is also associated with crime and crime related activities. The Bureau of National Statistics in its report ending the period 2006 discloses that the city which has a total land mass of 153.5 kilometers square is gifted with a an estimated population of 205, 010 with a spread out of 35.2% of the population below the age of eighteen. It is estimated that 11.0% of the population are between the ages of 18 and 24 while 29.6% are between the ages of 22 and 44 while 16.0% represent those people who are between the ages of 45 and 64. The department also discloses that 8.2% are 65 years of age and above. It is also disclosed that the ratio of male to female is 96.7: 100. It is estimated that the average income of a family is in the region of $31.140. (BNS, 2009, p43). Another important information is in relation to the per capital income of the city which is estimated as $12.925 with 28.6% of the population and 23.5% of all families languishing below the poverty line. It is also noted that 36.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 11.4% of those who are sixty five and older are living below the poverty line. From the above information it can be concluded that San Bernardino city and its inherent socio- technical nature is enough to solicit criminal activities as it has all the dynamics of a circular society (67).

Statistics from the County Police administration indicates that the predominant wave of crime is found in murders, rapes, robberies, aggravated assault, burglaries, larceny/theft, motor theft, domestic violence, racial abuse, drug and sexual crime. Although the city is protected by one of the most discipline police force available in the United States of America the spate of crime is still alarming. Earlier researchers have dwelt on other non-economic factors and its relationship with crime, the emergence of economic dimension of the crime has been given more prominence in researches in the city over the past few years. The statistics indicate that murder related crimes in the city has risen from an average of 39 cases per month to 46 cases between the years 1999 to 2009. (County Police Service, 2009, p12)

Rape related crimes on the other hand has risen from an average of 43 cases to 50 cases per month from the year 2000 to 2009 while robberies escalated from an average of 607 cases to 904 cases per month for the same period. The statistics also discloses that the San Bernardino city recorded a sharp increase in aggravated assault moving from an average of 944 cases per month in 1999 to 1017 cases per month at the close of 2009. It is asserted that burglaries in the city has also increase from a figure of 1634 cases per month recorded in the year 2000 to the present average figure of 2135 cases per month, Larceny was 3211 cases per month on the average in 1999 but the present average is 4708 cases per month. The document also indicates that vehicle theft has risen from an average of 2881 cases per month to an average of 2917 cases per month in 2009 while prostitution has tripled to 1899 cases per month at the end of 2009, Illegal immigration has generally reduced from an average of 41 cases per month to 34 cases per month at the close of the year 2009 while narcotic related crimes also increased to 23 cases per month from an average of 12 per month as at 1999.

Household consumption

Levitt (2008, p11) suggest that household consumption is the major economic indicator of economic well-being. He asserts that the relationships between the issues of crime and consumption can be very intriguing but interesting. It is his argument that the effects of consumption growth on the crime evolve itself in two dimensions on property crime. Farrington, (2003, p34) supports the assertion that a growth in consumption increases the number and value of goods available for theft. It is further argued that crime increases as the number of opportunities for crime increases. An economic theory of crime suggests that the increase in the stock of goods in society will tend to increase the incentive to commit crime, otherwise known as the 'opportunity effect '.On the other hand, Richardson (2009) is of the view that consumption growth… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Economy on Crime Rates.  (2010, April 4).  Retrieved September 19, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Economy on Crime Rates."  4 April 2010.  Web.  19 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Economy on Crime Rates."  April 4, 2010.  Accessed September 19, 2021.