Term Paper: Educational Policies Social Issues

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Educational Policies/Social Issues

A) Define the problem;

Since the attack on the world trade Center and the pentagon on September 11, 2001, the racial discrimination has been on the rise in the United States. This is particularly true with reference to the Muslims living in America. Furthermore, it is quite ironic to note that no comprehensive programs have been introduced to cut down the trend of racial discrimination against the Muslims, in fact, on the contrary, it is believed by many that quite a few statuary laws have been introduced with the sole purpose of targeting Muslims. The Muslims have become isolated and they feel that they are being treated unfairly. In the course of the ill-exercise of the perceptions of partisanship, nationalism and patriotism, disagreement has been considerably constrained, and members of Muslim community have been victims of mistreatment. The harassment on the constitutional rights and liberties of a number of American nationals, immigrants, as well as, guests, simply because they appear to be Asian is quite appalling to say the least.

B) Social Research: Statistical data.

The Year 2001

In 2001, so far as the Muslims in America are involved, majority of them had started living under martial law. Before the attacks on 9/11, the custom had been to approve only the "Immigration and Naturalization Service" (INS) to implement the convoluted American law of immigration, which involved detailed understanding, as well as, knowledge. However, it is quite apparent that in order to record immigration information concerning chosen (Muslims) groups into the database of the "National Criminal Information Center" and permit district police to seize alien nationals had produced newborn tribulations for the Muslim community living in America. On 17 September 2001, six days after the attacks on the World trade Center and Pentagon, short-term INS regulation augmented the phase of administrative imprisonment for non-citizens from 24 hours to a maximum of 48 hours, subsequent to which they might be unconfined or detained under "unusual conditions." Several thousand immigrants, generally young Arab men, and specifically Muslims, had been cross-examined even though there had not been any indication of their correlation with the 9/11 attacks. A report by the Human Rights Watch recorded anti-Muslim, as well as, anti-Arab hate offenses, together with murder, attack, arson and defacement, in the United States instantly after the attacks on 9/11 (Jay, 1998).

The Year 2002

The year 2002 had also been a rough year for the Muslims. Muslims had become extremely concerned about the high-level of racial crimes being committed against them. It had been quite sad to note that more than 60,000 individuals, with Muslim backgrounds, had been negatively affected by the rigid actions of the American government. The number of racial discrimination incidents that took place against the Muslims had increased by more than 50% when compared with the preceding year (Elaine, 2004).

Year 2003

Once again, the year 2003 had been a depressing year for the Muslims of America. The number of reported racial crimes committed against them had increased by 15% totaling to 602 hate crimes. The Muslims had been consistently complaining about the increase of harassment in every sphere of life. This increase in racial crimes against the Muslims had been occurring because of the consistent anti-Muslim propaganda being broadcasted throughout the mainstream American media. This slandering and defamation of Islam and Muslims is being carried out mainly by conservative political leaders. It is quite apparent that the Muslims have never been subject to such discrimination and have never had such a rigid experience of racial discrimination (Elaine, 2004).

The Year 2004

The year 2004, like all previous years, saw a dramatic increase of hate crimes along with the prejudiced profiling by the law enforcing agencies that had been committed against the Muslims. It is estimated that racial crimes had more than doubled since last year and there seemed to be no end to the prejudice they had been facing since the attack on September 11 (Elaine, 2004).

C) Using Applied Social Research: The history of the problem

The total number of Muslims living in America is totaled to approximately six million. Initially the Muslims immigrated to the United States in the 1870s. Primarily, they emigrated from the Islamic World which constitutes fifty seven independent countries. At present, the total population of the Muslims in the World is in excess of 1.5 billion. There are 22 Arabic countries, out of the 57 Muslim countries, which separate themselves on the basis of language, history and culture (Grand and. Erdmans, 1994).

It is quite appalling to note that during the 1991 "desert storm operation" carried out against the Iraqi dictatorial regime, the Arab-Americans in particular, and Muslim-American in general confronted mistreatment, insult and discrimination. To begin with, they had to put up with mocking for example "towel skulls," as well as, "camel jockeys" subsequently Muslims in general and Arabs in particular, became victims of heinous hate crimes (Grand and. Erdmans, 1994).

The discrimination in the average American mind is that the Muslims are either oil-rich billionaires or fanatics and fundamentalists. One must also view that Islam appeared as a new tradition of religious values and an instrument of racial righteousness in the Afro-American understanding. In 1930, the "Nation of Islam" started in Detroit as a minute Black-separatist Islamic association headed by W.D. Fard, who only four years later was considered to be casualty of police violence. Elijah Muhammad, his descendant, guided the Black American Muslim community until the year of 1975. The objectives of the faction had been to stop racial aggression, police violence and racial autonomy; equal opportunity, as well as, impartiality for all Blacks and Whites; Elijah Muhammad's volumes presented strong messages for the Black Muslims' rights and progress. These volumes involved the fights against the anti-colonial in Asia, as well as, Africa and provided encouragement for the "Black Force" movement. Subsequently, Malcolm X digressed from the familiarized direction when the old guards' program gave the impression to be cowardly and unimaginative. In addition to that, Louis Farrakhan guided a revitalized Nation of Islam, authorized the first ever Black presidential contender in the year 1984, and structured the "Million Men March," in the year 1995 (Jay 1998).

D): Expert and Scholarly Opinion

Politicians, lawyers, teachers, social workers, as well as, several other experts from all spheres of life have called for an end to the racial and prejudice discrimination against the Muslims. To these experts, the restoration of civil liberties is the only solution to the present fiasco. These experts believe that in a democracy there is a concentration of the authority and power of the government into a plain majority. This, evidently, has been the system of government which the adversaries of the American republic have been in quest of enforcing on the American people. It is quite apparent that America has been slowly but gradually gliding into this system, through sinister, conspiracy, and sedition so as to completely obliterate a nation that had been the jealousy and replica for the entire enlightened humanity. To these experts, the revival of civil liberties will not only put America on the right path of mutual growth and development of the American society, but also pave way for normalization of public prejudice and gradually put an end to the racial crimes being committed against the Muslims (Richard and Greg, 2003; Elaine, 2004; Muqtedar, 2002; Jay, 1998).

E): Innovated Models

It is quite ironic to note that since September 11 legislations and regulations that have been passed by the American congress have significantly affected the civil liberties of all Americans, and the Muslims in particular. Racial crimes against the Muslims have been on the rise and have touched unprecedented numbers. However, there has been no attempt either by the government or by the American Muslims to bridge the gap between Islam and the West by clarifying the misconceptions that have emerged after the terrorist attacks. Where on one hand, several Muslim, as well as, Human rights groups have recorded the post-September 11 procedures that have undermined constitutional and civil rights of the Muslims under the umbrella of the security and the "war against terrorism," hardly any Muslim organization has stepped up and channelized its resources towards clarifying their religion and nationality. Also, it is quite sad to note that no group or association has tried to start a program in a significant way, which would enlighten the American students about the cultural and ethnic values of the Muslims and the Arabs. Therefore, in light of the above evidence it is imperative for not only the preservation and growth of American values within the American society, but also for improving the image of United States in the larger world that it is not anti-Islamic or anti-Arab, that the United States funds educational programs that serve to bridge the social and cultural gap between the American-Muslims and the American youth (Elaine, 2004).

F): Give detail description of my own recommendations.

Aim of the Program

The program aims to educate the youth about the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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