Research Paper: Effects of Bipolar Disorder

Pages: 7 (2378 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Family and Marriage  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Initially, these same results were obtained with the bipolar disorder and the people who are suffering from more episodes of depression or mania and the lesser advantages are found to be obtained from a drug treatment.

It is not easy for the patient or his family member to deal with the different experiences of the bipolar disorder. In many of the cases, the criticisms or protectiveness of the family members shows their efforts to cope up with the daily life problems. It should also be noted that the patterns can be altered or modified by the family therapy, which is helpful in the improvement of the outcomes of a patient with bipolar disorder (Rea et al., 2003).

Friendships and Social Support

For many people, a few close friends or family members are important while, for others, huge groups of relatives and family members are important. In both the cases, people have an advantage of getting the emotional and practical support whenever they need. A few studies have shown a relationship between the outcomes of bipolar disorder and the social support. It has also been shown that the increased levels of social support are related with the enhanced outcomes as fewer relapses of depression or mania and improved recovery (Johnson et al., 2003). The enhanced social relationships are also related to the increased likelihood of a person who is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, and he gains employment. Furthermore, he shows better functioning in the working environment (Wilkins, 2004).

Positive and Negative Thinking Styles

Some people who have bipolar disorder show a characteristic pattern of thinking. This is called as thinking styles by psychologists, and it includes the negative and positive thinking styles. In the negative thinking stole of a person there is a tendency of a person to blame himself in the wrong situation. That person further considers the world and other people in a negative light (Jones et al., 2005). Second factor is the affinity of a person to reflect in a low mood that can make the condition worse. The styles are present in the, in the low mood of a person, and they are also same for the thinking styles of the people who experience depression. Those people who only have a feeling of depression is that some people who suffer from bipolar disorder are involved in the risk taking behavior according to the low mood. This includes consumption of alcohol, risky sexual behavior and street drugs (Thomas et al., 2007).

The positive thinking styles are also significant in the people who suffer from bipolar disorder. The negative styles are apparent when the mood of a person is low, and the positive styles are apparent in the high mood. For example, when person experiences increased alertness in his activities or decrease in the sleeping desire. According to some people, the interpretation is the reflecting of true self that is caused by the external events. The positive style of praise causes a person to be involved in those types of behaviors that initiate in a high mood. This condition can increase the likelihood of hypomania or mania.

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder is also named as manic-depressive illness. It is a disorder of brain that causes swings in the mood, inability of a person to carry out the daily tasks, changes in activity and levels of energy. The symptoms of this disorder are very severe. The effects that are produced by the disorder are some positive impacts and due to some positive and negative thinking styles. Different effects are produced by the alternative labels, family characteristics, family functioning, friendships and social support.

References

Goodwin, F.K., & Jamison, K.R. (2007). Manic-depressive illness: bipolar disorders and recurrent depression. Oxford University Press.

Johnson, L., Lundstrom, O., Aberg-Wistedt, A. & Mathe, A.A. (2003). Social support in bipolar disorder: Its relevance to remission and relapse. Bipolar Disorder, 5(2), 129 -- 37.

Jones, L., Scott, J., Haque, S., Gordon-Smith, K., Heron, J., Forty, E., Hyde, S., Lyon, L., Greening, J., Sham, P., Farmer, A., McGriffin, P., Jones, I. & Craddock, N. (2005). Cognitive style in bipolar disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187, 431 -- 7.

Judd, L.L., Akiskal, H.S., Schettler, P.J., Coryell, W., Endicott, J., Maser, J.D., Solomon, D.A., Leon, A.C. & Keller, M.B. (2003). A prospective investigation of the natural history of the long-term weekly symptomatic status of bipolar II disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(3), 261 -- 269.

Miklowitz, D.J. (2011). The bipolar disorder survival guide: What you and your family need to know. Guilford Press.

Parker, G., McCraw, S., & Fletcher, K. (2012). Cyclothymia. Depression and anxiety, 29(6), 487-494.

Pendulum (2009). A list of famous people diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Retrieved from www.pendulum.org/information/information_famous.html.

Rea, M.M., Tompson, M.C., Miklowitz, D.J., Goldstein, M.J., Hwang, S. & Mintz, J. (2003). Family-focused treatment vs. individual treatment for bipolar disorder: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(3), 482 -- 92.

Thomas, J., Knowles, R., Tai, S. & Bentall, R.P. (2007). Response styles to depressed mood in bipolar affective disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 100, 249 -- 252.

Weinstock, L.M., Keitner, G.I., Ryan, C.E., Solomon, D.A. & Miller, I.W. (2006). Family functioning and mood disorders: A comparison between patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar I disorder. Journal… [END OF PREVIEW]

Four Different Ordering Options:

?
Which Option Should I Choose?

1.  Buy the full, 7-page paper:  $26.88

or

2.  Buy & remove for 30 days:  $38.47

or

3.  Access all 175,000+ papers:  $41.97/mo

(Already a member?  Click to download the paper!)

or

4.  Let us write a NEW paper for you!

Ask Us to Write a New Paper
Most popular!

Bipolar Disorders and Drug Addiction Thesis


Processing Effects of Cognitive and Emotional Psychotherapy on Bipolar Disorder Research Paper


Manic Depression Bipolar Term Paper


Impact of a High Fat High Calorie Diet on Depression Anxiety and Energy Levels Term Paper


Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper


View 96 other related papers  >>

Cite This Research Paper:

APA Format

Effects of Bipolar Disorder.  (2014, March 14).  Retrieved April 25, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/effects-bipolar-disorder-impact/6692492

MLA Format

"Effects of Bipolar Disorder."  14 March 2014.  Web.  25 April 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/effects-bipolar-disorder-impact/6692492>.

Chicago Format

"Effects of Bipolar Disorder."  Essaytown.com.  March 14, 2014.  Accessed April 25, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/effects-bipolar-disorder-impact/6692492.