Term Paper: Egypt Demographic Characteristics

Pages: 5 (1465 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Israel  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Herders raise sheep, goats, cattle and some other animals (Columbia, 2002).

Farms tend to be small with much work done by humans and animals rather than machinery.

The country exports crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, and chemicals (CIA, 2002).

The country's GDP showed significant growth over the last decade, rising from $76.million in 1997 to $89.7 million in 1999.

Growth rates for those years were 5.3% (1997), 5.7% (1998), and 6.0% (1999) (U.S. Dept. Of State, 2000).

Services is the fastest-growing sector of the country's economy as well as its largest (U.S. Dept. Of State, 2000), including services related to the Suez Canal and banking as well as tourism and trade.

The main industrial areas are Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said and Suez. Industries include refined petroleum and natural gas, chemicals and fertilizers, production of clothing and textiles, cement, and iron and steel (Columbia, 2002).

President Mubarek predicts continued economic growth for Egypt particularly because of plans put in place to encourage foreign investment, including improved technology services for Egypt (Ragab, 2000).

CONSUMER GOODS

Egypt primarily imports machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, and fuels (CIA, 2002). About 1/3 of their import business goes to the European Union, and the United States gets about 18% (CIA, 2002). In 1997 Egypt had about 7.7 million TV's (CIA, 2002) or about one for every ten people

One of the factors affecting the cost of consumer goods in Egypt is its tariff policy. They have reduced tariffs from 50% to 40%, but some items have markedly high tariffs, including imported automobiles and parts for those cars, and poultry imported from the United States (U.S. Dept. Of State, 2000). Egyptian businesses also complain about complex bureaucratic regulations that complicate the process of doing business with other countries (U.S. Dept. Of State, 2000).

EDUCATION AND LITERACY

Primary and intermediate education has been mandatory in Egypt since 1981. Primary school covers six grades and is for children aged six to 12. Intermediate education, also required, is three years of school for those aged 12 to 15. Secondary education is not required, and intended to prepare the student for what he or she will do after graduation - college, technical training, or the world of work (Me-Schools, 2002).

A system of standard examinations is used to determine which students will move on to the next grade. During the last two years of high school, college-bound students pick an area of concentration: humanities, mathematics, or science. Students who will go on to technical jobs focus on agriculture, communications, or industry.

Egypt has 14 universities with a combined enrollment of about 700,000 students (Me-Schools, 2002). Currently, slightly over 50% of the country is literate, and twice as many men as women can read and write.

HEALTH AND WELFARE

Egypt's infant mortality rate is 64 per 1,000, or about 6 1/2%. Life expectancy is about 65 years, and currently about 1 1/2% of the population has AIDS.

Health care is provided by the Egyptian government. The system is under some stress due to the rapidly-growing population. However, basic health care needs are provided at no charge, and medical help is available throughout the country. Some health care services, however, are only available to those who can afford to pay for them - for example, nursing home and some other specialized kinds of care (CIC, 2002). Health care has had a particular focus on the health of children, working hard to get children vaccinated. The result is that the incidence of childhood diseases such as measles and diphtheria is decreasing, with a resulting drop in infant mortality rate (CIC, 2002) The country is also expanding its system of family planning clinics.

Bibliography

Assaad, R., El-Hamidi, F., and Ahmed, A.U. 2000. "The Determinants of Employment Status in Egypt." Discussion Paper Briefs. Accessed via the Internet 11/8/02. http://www.ifpri.org/divs/fcnd/dp/papers/fcnbr88.pdf.

Central Intelligence Agency, United States (CIA). 2002. "Egypt." World Factbook 2002. Last updated January 1, 2002. Accessed via the Internet 11/8/02. http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/eg.html.

Citizen and Immigration Canada (CIC). Egypt: Cultural Profiles Project: "Looking at Health care." Accessed via the Internet 11/8/02. http://cwr.utoronto.ca/cultural/english/egypt/health.html (CIC, 2002)

The Columbia Encyclopedia. "Egypt. 2002: Sixth Edition Columbia University Press

Me-Schools.com: The Meeting Place for Educators in the Middle East. "Egypt. Last updated in 2002. Accessed via the Internet 11/8/02. http://www.me-schools.com/countries/egypt.htm

The NRF Foundation. 2002. U.S. State Department's… [END OF PREVIEW]

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