Essay: Egyptian Mythology

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[. . .] The unity of Egypt and the foundation of the first Egyptian dynasty by King Menes is the first historical event that is recorded. The Egyptians were pioneers of recording historical events and after them; the trend was followed by different people in the world. (David A. 283-292)

These Egyptian myths help us understand Egypt at that time. In Egypt, the kings were assumed as the link between men and God. These myths help us understand the thinking of the Egyptian people and the reasons behind their thoughts. The Egyptian people respected their kings more than anyone else. In the later days, these kings were thought of as Gods. Different areas had their different kings and thus different Gods. Battles were fought to gain different territories and more followers. The Egyptian empire is significant in the global history and these myths help us understand this empire in depth. (David A. 283-292)

In addition to that, the myths help us appropriate the stories in the history. They have helped and will continue to help people in personalizing the stories of many major events such as floods and earthquakes. Egyptian myths were also used to incite one group of people against the other. These myths were written by the people that belonged to different areas with different gods to degrade the beliefs of the other areas. As we all know that these myths then affect the history as Egyptian dynasties form a significant part of ancient global history. (Geoffrey P. 3-5)

Egyptian myths helped the ancient history writers tell the reasons for supernatural events. They associated myths with it to justify that every such event has a relation with gods. These myths, however, were never true but they gave us a way to see what the ancient human beings used to think about calamities. This is also a major part of the global history. (Geoffrey P. 3-5)

Moreover, the Egyptian myths also provided the history recorders of that time with answers about the world. These myths, although untrue, were the stories that the human beings of that time believed in and they wrote about them in books of history. These myths were considered true until the emergence of science and calculations. All the reasons given by the myths were then assessed and rejected if they were proved false. These myths, however, could never be erased from the global history as they still remain to be the first things that the human beings thought about this world. (Geoffrey P. 3-5)

Religion has been important in the history of mankind. People have followed different religions in different phases of the history. The history shows the importance of religion to humans. The ancient myths provide the framework for the earliest of the religions that were recorded. These Egyptian myths included stories of power possessed by animals and super humans and thus the people started worshipping them to get their problems solved. So, Egyptian myths are considered to be the framework of the ancient religions which are and will always be a part of global history. (Geoffrey P. 3-5)

International Issues Created by Egyptian Myths

These myths are important and thus they have positive and negative impacts on the people. To begin with, these myths created a gender bias among the people. Although Egypt treated men and women with more equality than its neighbors but the equality was not extended to higher class especially the pharaohs. Most of the time the heroes in these myths were male and their rulers were also male. The rulers were thought to be links to gods and sometimes the ruler was considered the god. Thus it gave rise to an international issue of gender discrimination and as the people began to explore the Egyptian myths and their history, their minds developed a better place for males than for the females. In Egyptian myths, women were considered inferior because they only bore children and took care of them. The men, however, were considered to be conquerors and rulers. They were depicted as the brave super humans who defeat the enemies and bring in more and more followers. This was the reason why the power shifted from father to son in Egypt. Furthermore, women looked after the daily needs of their family and this was seen by the men as the women serving them. This added to the issue of gender discrimination and this was passed on to the people who studied Egyptian mythology. ("Ancient Myth, Religion, and Philosophy")

Another issue that is created by Egyptian myths is slavery. Egyptian pharaohs are said to have slaves from war, debt, punishment and voluntary servitude. These pharaohs also used to capture different slaves for their works. These slaves then did the works that the ruler demanded them to do. The slaves were also traded. The prices of slaves differed with their beauty, skills and strength. Although these slaves were treated fairly but it is reported that these slaves did all the works to build the Egyptian pyramids. The explorers of Egyptian mythology do get a lesson about slave keeping and trading. These explorers would also get a mindset that it is legal to keep and buy slaves if you can afford it and then you can sell them if there is a need. This issue of slavery, however, has controversies that these slaves were treated in a good way so there is no harm in keeping them. ("Ancient Egypt: Slavery, its causes and practice")

Questions That Arise About the Egyptian Mythology

The famous Egyptian mythology left behind a series of beliefs and a lot of unanswered Questions. These questions are about the Egyptian civilization, beliefs and monuments especially the pyramids. Egyptian mythology gave very much importance to the life after death. Their Pharaohs spent a lot of time making preparations for their eternal destination. This belief poses a question about the life after death. As we all know that the pyramids were constructed to preserve the bodies of the Pharaohs. The pyramids have no entrance or exits and the body of the Pharaoh lies there preserved. So the question arises that was the preservation of the body needed? Is the Egyptian belief about life after death correct? ("Egyptian Mythology - Evidence of the Afterlife")

The body of the Pharaoh would also receive food offerings and things to eat and drink. The people would bring food and put it inside the tombs of their Pharaoh. This raises another question. Is the deceased Pharaoh alive inside his tomb? If not, then why does he need all the food and nourishment? Can he move about in his tomb? ("Egyptian Mythology - Evidence of the Afterlife")

Moreover, the people inscribed the person's life on his tomb. This was accompanied by the inscription of the soul's journey in the life after death. The figures of the slaves owned by the deceased person were also drawn on the tomb. In addition to that, spells from the book of dead, different verses and carved and decorated coffins were placed inside the tombs for the protection of the soul. Thus a question arises that did the soul need protection? Were all these preparations necessary? If not then why did the Egyptians care so much about the protection of the dead body and the soul? ("Egyptian Mythology - Evidence of the Afterlife")

The Egyptian myths also portrayed the journey of a soul through the underworld. This included the hearing that was judged by forty two divine judges. The soul would answer all the questions asked about his deeds in the life and it is believed that the soul would know how to answer them. After that, the heart of the soul would be measured against a feather. The feather is known as the feather of truth. If the heart is heavier, it will be rejected otherwise it will be accepted. The accepted souls will proceed to the Field of Rushes and the rejected ones' bodies will be devoured and they will be casted off. ("Egyptian Mythology - Evidence of the Afterlife")

The Field of Rushes is the reward for the souls that have passed the test. It is considered to be the perfect version of Egypt with no shortages, no grieves and the people inhabiting it will be happy always. The deceased who get into the Field of Rushes, will also be able to meet their ancestors who have made it. Thus all the loved ones will be returned to the person and he will live forever in happiness. The question about this entire journey and the destination is that will it really happen? Who will be the judges? Are the gods real? Who created the Field of Rushes? ("Egyptian Mythology - Evidence of the Afterlife")

In addition to the beliefs about the life after death, the Egyptian mythology also portrays some human beings as supernatural. Some rulers are portrayed as gods and demigods who have supernatural powers and they will be judging the rest of the people in the afterlife.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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