Elder Care Case Study

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Elder Case Studies


Mrs. Elli Baker is a 73-year-old female who was transferred to the Emergency Room after collapsing in her backyard.

Just prior to the collapse, she was on the phone with a friend, who reported her to be confused and anxious.

Upon arrival to the ER, Mrs. Baker complained of dyspnea, and had an increase in both respiratory and pulse rates.

Previous medical history includes both diabetes and hypertension.

Medications -- Mrs. Baker uses metformin and hydrochlorothiazide, and recently added a new BP medication, lisinopril.

The ER nurse was able to ask Mrs. Baker a few questions, but after a brief time she became unresponsive and had more difficulty in breathing.

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Part a -- Mrs. Baker is clearly in distress. The first step is to alleviate her anxiety, calm her down, so that further assessments can be made. Because of her respiratory difficulties, she should be given Oxygen which should also alleviate some of her tension and presumed pain. Depending on her response rate, it might also be advisable to give her a low-dose sedative, perhaps one of the benzodiazepines (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011). Once Mrs. Baker is able to breath and is less anxious and less likely to hyperventilate, we can reassess her condition and symptoms that caused her collapse. Until the patient is coherent and/or we receive previous medical records, we must proceed based on current information.


1. Blood pressure is elevated, and background notes present confusion and anxiety prior to collapse. All immunizations are up-to-date, and no complications reported from recent procedures. Recent medication, lisinopril, Lisinopril presents possible side effects of dizziness, headache and/or difficulty breathing, but these are relatively uncommon (PubMed Health, 2012).

Skin, Hair, Nails

Case Study on Elder Care Case Study Assignment

No recent abnormalities with exception of client complaint

Head, Neck, related lymphatics



No abnormalities

Ears, Nose, Mouth and Throat


Respiratory Function

Difficulty in breathing, airway seems distended




Slight pain, unsure whether anxiety issue

Peripheral vascular

High pulse rate, anxious


Unremarkable -- no constipation and positive bowel sounds




Some evidence of osteoarthritis in joints of legs, arms and hands.


Confusion, anxiety

Part B- Medical and Technological Tools

Stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, thermometer, scale -- basic indications of stats -- heart, lungs (clarity), blood pressure, temperature, height and weight

Radiographs to determine if there are osteo-injuries -- findings include osteo issues in hip area, but no breaks, hairline fractures, or joint tears. . There is some discoloration around the upper thigh area, but this bruising seems to be rather localized and not terribly serious in this instance. Patient appears to have sustained a hip pointer based on the swelling, bruising, and tenderness in the area (Brown, 2009).

Syringe, rubber tube, gauze, etc. -- Ordered basic blood tests, CBC for infection, basic toxicity screen, Coagulation tests (PT, PIT, INR), Blood Chemistry (glucose to check diabetes or stoke), Blood Lipid panel (risk factors); may order cardiac enzyme tests and coagulation factors.

Oxygen tank and mask -- designed to increase O2 for patient

CPSS test -- for stroke, no technology needed (Peck, 2003).

Part C -- Prioritizing of data collection was done based on stabilizing patient and then working to ensure patient's comfort. In addition, to glean more information from the patient, we needed the breathing stabilized to assess pain levels and potential for stroke. We also needed patient to be responsive so we could inquire about diet to see if her reaction was something based on diabetes or a hypertension trigger. At all times the working priorities were to stabilize vital signs and then work backwards for more information.

Part D/E - Pain is subjective in all of us, and sometimes more so with an elderly patient… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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