Energy in China and the US Research Paper

Pages: 3 (1283 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Energy

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] China's energy sources reflect their local resources and their economic status, with the country seeing significant changes over the past few years, with high levels of government support for renewable and green energy. In 2012 66% of all energy used, oil 20%, hydroelectric power 8%, natural gas 5%, nuclear power and other renewables at less than 1% (EIA, 2016b). This has resulted in recent shifts; in 2015 the country increased renewables, installing an additional capacity of 32.5 GW of wind power and 18.3 GW of solar power generation (Energy Post, 2016). Nuclear power generation and use also increased by 30%, gas has increased by 3.3% and coal consumption has fallen by 3.7% now accounting for approximately 64% of all energy consumed in China; all occurring while energy demand were increasing (Energy Post, 2016). The growth in clean energies is much fast than other countries, with commitment to clean energy. It is expected that in 2016, there will be an increased demand between 3 -- 3.5% for electricity, which will be met by the additional capacity for solar, hydroelectric and wind power, which are zero carbon sources (Energy Post, 2016).

Emissions

Energy use results in energy emissions and these two countries account for approximately 40% of all global emission (EIA, 2015c). Different types of energy result in different emissions, with China having a much greater use of coal, one of the poorest environmental fuels, it may be expected that China has a higher level of emissions, as shown in figure 1 below.

Figure 1; Carbon Dioxide Emissions Comparing China and the U.S.

Indeed, when comparing the total emission, China has a total overall emission of Carbon Dioxide, but it is proportionately less than the United States when assessed on a per capital basis, this is due to the higher per capita usage of power in the U.S. However, in terms of productivity, China has a higher level based on output GDP. This latter statistic may not relate to less efficient operations only, but may also reflect the economic mix of GDP, where China has a much higher level of manufacturing compared to the U.S., which has a greater service component.

Conclusion

These two largest users of energy have very different profiles, with each profile reflecting the economic development status of the nation, and the political polices on energy use. It appears that both countries are likely to remain major energy users, but while energy usage increases, there is likely to be a decrease in both overall, and per capita, emissions.

References

CIA, (2016a), United States. World Factbook. [online] available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html

CIA, (2016b), China, World Factbook, [online] available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html

Energy Post. (2016). China's electricity mix: changing so fast that CO2 emissions may have peaked. [online] available at http://www.energypost.eu/chinas-electricity-mix-changing-fast-co2-emissions-may-peaked/

EIA, (2016a). How much energy is consumed in residential and commercial buildings in the United States? [online] available at http://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=86&t=1

EIA, (2016b). International Energy Statistics. [online] available at http://www.eia.gov/cfapps/ipdbproject/iedindex3.cfm?tid=44&pid=45&aid=2&cid=regions&syid=2008&eyid=2012&unit=QBTU

EIA. (2015a). What are the major sources and users of energy in the United States? [online] available at http://www.eia.gov/energy_in_brief/article/major_energy_sources_and_users.cfm

EIA. (2015b). China. [online] available at https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/analysis.cfm?iso=CHN

EIA. (2015c). United States and China advance policies to limit CO2 emissions. [online] available at http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=23812

Enerdata, (2016), Total Energy Consumption. [online] available at https://yearbook.enerdata.net/

IEA, (2014). Energy Policies of IEA Countries, The United States 2014 Review, [online] available at http://www.iea.org/Textbase/npsum/US2014sum.pdf

Johnston, I. (2016). Fracking in the U.S. causing global surge in dangerous gas, study finds. The Independent. [online] available at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/fracking-in-the-us-causing-global-surge-in-dangerous-gas-scientists-find-a7006311.html [END OF PREVIEW]

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