Term Paper: Ethical Dilemmas in Criminal Justice

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[. . .] For example, they receive little remuneration that does not gather for their daily needs alongside he poor working conditions. This affects their job morale and their psychological well-being. Therefore, William should consider providing his team members with better working environment alongside motivating agents such as remuneration to ensure their mental well-being (Hudson, 2003).

The present status of the correctional facility is undesirable as it is characterized with overpopulation, scarcity of the basic resources, and demotivated staff. As such, William, should focus on lobbying for strategies that aim at preventing further increase in the number of inmates. Such strategies include presenting the actual statistics to the involved stakeholders to ensure the reduction of the number of the inmates sent to a correctional facility. Alternatively, William should adopt strategies that aim at minimizing the movement of the inmates within the facility. Reducing the movement will result in an increase, in the surveillance of the inmates and early detection of undesired behaviors that might jeopardize the safety of the wardens in the facility. In addition, William should consider providing frequent medical checkup and counseling services to his staff. These services promote early identification of health problems that might affect the productivity and safety of the staff members (Roberson & Mire, 2010).

The District Attorney

The case study presents the Martha's decision to act in manners that promote a reduction in the cases of drug trafficking and prison sentences for convicted individuals in the city. Martha faces a significant challenge of complying with her political pledges. She was primarily elected because she promised for better bargaining and reduction of the prison sentence for individuals convicted for drug trafficking and use. However, the recent past has witnessed a significant increase in the cases of arrests and criminal cases associated with drug trafficking. The prosecution has failed to obtain substantial evidence that links them to their crimes leading to weakness of most of the cases. Among the effective strategies Martha should give to the chief of staff on the ways of handling the cases of drug, trafficking is ensuring proper investigation of the cases before trial to acquire substantial evidence to link suspects to their crime. In specific, proper investigation of the crimes, depend on the adoption of proactive strategies such as providing training opportunities to the police officers and proper handling of the evidence obtained at the scene of the crime.

While the current system of convicting the suspects of drug abuse uses the relative standard procedures, Martha should consider improving the scope of the trial by improving the ways in which the different security agencies work collaboratively to enhance their effectiveness and efficiency. The improvement in trials should focus on transforming the ways in which the agencies involved prepare for court trials, collaborating with the local criminal justice board and a third sector body to provide proper trials to the suspects. In addition, Martha should also consider creating justice centers across the state for the witnesses, victims, and the wider community. The justice centers will facilitate the acquisition of adequate evidence to link the suspects and their cases. In addition, Martha should consider employing strategies that aim at providing protection to the witnesses to ensure credibility and strength of the cases.

Martha should also consider providing adequate time for investigation into cases to be conducted. Allocating adequate time ensures collection of adequate information related to the cases; hence, the credibility and reduction in the cases of drug trafficking in the state. Aside from this, she should also introduce supervision of the suspects with weak cases after their release. Such efforts will promote early identification and management of undesired behaviors that might predispose the members of the society to violate the state's laws. The victims should also be allowed to bargain for their plea before conviction. Such actions will facilitate the acquisition of critical information that facilitates effective decision-making basing on the outcome of the legal process. Reducing the prison sentences should also be considered to ensure that she upholds her political promises. However, the basis of reducing the sentence for the convicted should focus on the behavior of the convict while in prison since it will indicate the possibilities for convict's future aggression (Roberson & Mire, 2010).

Setting out clear objectives of the adopted strategies to reduce drug trafficking and abuse in the city will promote the handling of cases by the criminal justice agency. Clarity in the objectives of the adopted strategies fosters the prioritization of the available resources in activities perceived as the key contributors to the increasing cases of drug abuse within the city. Moreover, Martha should consider developing strategies that aim at investigating the causes and contributing factors to the increasing cases of drug trafficking and abuse. Identifying the causes and predisposing factors allow the criminal justice agencies to develop proactive approaches to prevent and manage their occurrence.

The officer

The case presents Linda a police officer in a dilemma of responding to the dispatcher or arresting the suspect having cocaine without identity. Linda is faced with the dilemma of arresting this suspect or leaving him to attend the request from the dispatcher. Organizational factors such as increasing rates of criminal cases associated with drug abuse, trafficking, and lack of adequate support for the fight against drug trafficking complex the dilemma facing Linda. Linda's dilemma influences the consequences of the decision adopted in this situation. For example, if she arrests the suspect, she faces the challenge of being criticized by her boss since he considers such arrest minor and a waste of time. In addition, a sharp increase in the cases of drug abuse and trafficking in the past with most of them unattended has been witnessed in the state/city. The fact that the suspect has $400 translates to the internal force that might drive her take the money and let the suspect go (Hudson, 2003).

On the other hand, if Linda does not arrest this suspect, she will be contributing to the increasing rates of drug trafficking and abuse in the city/state. She will be predisposing the society to various social injustices associated with drug trafficking and abuse such as increased rates of violence, people with mental disorders, and loss of the productivity of the society. In addition, if Linda fails to arrest this suspect, she will be violating her professional code of ethics. The criminal justice personnel often strive to transform the nature of the societal conditions that determine the health and health outcomes of its members. Therefore, this implies that if Linda decides not to arrest this suspect, then she will be predisposing the society to different risks that will affect its sustainability and performance (Roberson & Mire, 2010).

From a personal perspective, Linda should inform the dispatcher to come to help her in arresting the suspect she is with her. Despite the increase in the criminal cases of drug trafficking and abuse, she should arrest the suspect to support the efforts adopted to reduce cases of drug abuse in the state. According to the ethical principles of the criminal justice, all professionals should uphold honesty and justice to ensure a society that lacks cases of violation of the law. As such, arresting the suspect, will enhance social justice by reducing the cases of drug abuse and trafficking and their associated side effects. As a police officer, Linda should maintain professional honesty by acting in accordance with the codes of the criminal justice systems. Therefore, informing the dispatcher to come to her aid will contribute to the promotion of a society without drug related cases and enhance the reputation of the profession.

In addition, it is highly possible that the dispatcher is calling Linda to help him/her arrest a suspect involved in an unlawful act. As such, there is no much difference between dispatcher's request from Linda's case; hence, the need for her to seek help in arresting this suspect. Hudson (2003) recognizes that the criminal justice personnel should employ critical thinking skills when presented with situations that place them in a dilemma. Similarly, Linda's case requires the application of critical thinking skills to come to a sound decision that will consider the ethics of her profession and social ethics. Therefore, considering these perspectives imply the need for her to seek support from the dispatcher. Arresting this suspect will provide him with the opportunity to reform his behavior in the correctional facility; hence, contributing to the promotion of positive change in behavior.

Conclusively, ethical dilemmas influence the abilities of individuals to make decisions to solve the presented problem. The competing nature of the risks and benefits associated with the available alternatives, complex the ability to make a decision that will ensure equity and protecting of the code of ethics of the profession. Therefore, irrespective of the nature of the presented situation, professionals should adopt alternatives that uphold the professional and social code of ethics. Appreciating the ethical codes of any profession is a requirement for success as seen in the criminal justice department. The… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Ethical Dilemmas in Criminal Justice.  (2014, May 11).  Retrieved June 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/ethical-dilemmas-criminal-justice/2636542

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"Ethical Dilemmas in Criminal Justice."  11 May 2014.  Web.  19 June 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/ethical-dilemmas-criminal-justice/2636542>.

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"Ethical Dilemmas in Criminal Justice."  Essaytown.com.  May 11, 2014.  Accessed June 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/ethical-dilemmas-criminal-justice/2636542.