Research Paper: Ethical Issues in Family

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[. . .] Family marriage and therapy and is more than just a new technique or excellent treatment technique - it comprises a whole tolerant of human behavior and the conceptualization of problems (Scher, 2012). Despite the fact all of the helping professions share a shared heritage, there are vital theoretical and methodological changes that need moral codes of behavior and consecutive training that speak to matters that are specific to family and marriage therapy (McLaurin L.S., 2003).

A lot of these issues started from the systemic theoretical framework that prevails in the marriage and family therapy vocation. Huber (1994) makes the description that a universal epistemology as one that emphases on the interdependence between and amongst persons, material discussion, and circular feedback devices. As in opposition to a separately-concerned with interpretation of psychological operational that emphases upon individual emotional, cognitive, and physiological states, a complete / family therapy framework opinions reasons as rounded with separate indications being measured in a relational background (Scher, 2012). If the therapeutic emphasis is on a person's actions, it is observed in the setting of how the behaviors influence others in the family system and how the family system mutually influences the individual (Butler, 2011)

Ethical Theories

Couple therapy can be achieved with a diversity of theoretical methods, as this volume validates. We select to base our conversation on the values of systems theory, for the reason that we consider the ethical tests that couple therapists face are best implicit from this viewpoint. Systems theory is not a unitary perception; thinking in this area has changed and long-drawn-out in a diversity of instructions, and has been applied to the thoughtful of social, biological, and cultural organizations (Nathanson, 2009).

Emotion focused therapy Couples and families are able to form rigid designs of interaction that is usually based on the powerful emotional experiences that defer emotional commitment and reliance (Nathanson, 2009). Treatment is also used to improve empathic competences of family members by discovering deep-seated habits and adapting cues that are emotional.

Frameworks

Family therapy has always been as a separate specialized practice that goes on within Western culture. It had such an impression on the societal that it put its origins in the social work movements that started around the 19th century in England and the United States (Callan, 2005). As a subdivision of psychotherapy, its stems as far as the society being involved can be traced all the way back to the early 20th century with the appearance of the child guidance crusade and marriage therapy (Butler, 2011).

As far as the community was concerned, marriage and family had a huge impact. The formal development of family therapy dates as far as the community becoming involved goes all the way back to the 1940s and early 1950s with the establishment in 1942 of the American Association of Marriage Counselors (McLaurin L.S., 2004). The community came involved in this form of therapy and thus it spreaded all over the country.

Heterosexual Couples

Therapy does work with gay and lesbian couples and most of the time it necessitates further know-how beyond that usually necessary for heterosexual couples, lesbian and gay couples face an amount of extra stressors, dissimilar developing procedures, and more established skills that are from the therapist (American Psychological Association, 2010).

LGBT

The same ethics and standards still apply for GLBT couples. Riggle and Rostosky makes the suggestion that for heterosexual therapists, if it is painful for them in seeing a GLBT couples therapist for your own relationship then they are probably not ready to see gay and lesbian couples for therapy for their own relationships. There are other sources that can be considered such as the American Psychological Association Guidelines for Psychotherapy with the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients as a good resource to guide your work (Grimes, 2008).

Minors/Children

Remley (1985) makes the point that confidentiality is an ethical standard that is a rule of practice set forth by a profession when dealing with children. The American Counseling Association's (ACA) Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice makes sure that they require "that counselors esteem their clients' right to confidentiality and evade illicit and unjustified revelations of confidential info" (B.1.a) (American Psychological Association, 2010). The ACA code gives a listing of the exceptions to privacy as, "[The obligation that] counselors keep info confidential does not have anything to do with when revelation is required to stop clear and forthcoming danger to the client or others or when lawful necessities request that confidential information be exposed" (American Psychological Association, 2010). The code goes on to mention "When counseling clients that happen to be minors or persons who are incapable to contribute unpaid, informed consent, parents or custodians may be added to the counseling process as suitable. Counselors act in the greatest attention of clients and take procedures to defend confidentiality"

Women

Women's Issues in really covers a wide-ranging number of topics in the field of therapy. Traditionally, women's troubles have been inspected from inside a cultural outline, as women were once branded as "panic-stricken" or unsuitable when professed as too emotional or confident. In therapy, many women deal with these issues (Peluso, 2003). Also, making sure that their information stays confidential is a concern for a lot of women when they are in therapy.

Men

Men are far less likely to seek help than women, and they often delay getting help until there is some kind of trouble (Peluso, 2003). Men are less probable to follow through with treatment that is recommended to them by therapists and psychiatrists. The issue is not as easy as "resistance." However, asking for the extra aid is viewed or felt by men as shameful (McLaurin L.S., 2003). In our society, a man is supposed to solve their own problems -- that explains why a lot of them do not look to ask for directions! Basically, men are scared of the therapy and like women also try to make sure that the confidentiality is done right.

Social Considerations

When dealing with religion, there are things that need to be taken in consideration. In view of these obvious mentioned ethical guidelines, it is a known fact that a lot of religious clients are not really that comfortable with therapists who do not share their same beliefs. In a lot of these cases it becomes vital to aid the client get as much support as they can. Certainly, the client's aptitude to support them may need the resourcefulness of the therapist, whose job is to act as a catalyst.

Multicultural Populations have to be addressed a certain way in therapy. How multicultural issues are addressed in counseling research and practice varies depending on the ethnic background: The tripartite competencies model also generated debates and criticisms over how a therapist should view those that are minorities. One of the major issues is how multicultural issues are talked about in the conceptualization of multicultural counseling capabilities (Richards, 2009).

Therapists will need to be aware of, and have the respect for any and all differences, but dissimilarities are not always as clear as skin color, and attitudes that are geared toward socioeconomic rank are not always as obvious as those in the direction of ethnocentricity.

Educating and training therapists to be well-informed of ethical values and proficient of performing ethical clinical choices is an enormous challenge (Callan, 2005). The literature corroborates the significance of inspecting the occurrence of ethics training, the detailed curricular constituents that join to ethical knowledge and behavior, and the degree to which graduate students are being skilled to give a lecture to ethical dilemmas that are unique to marriage and family therapy (Richards, 2009). It is the hope that this opening study will further the promise of the occupation of marriage and family therapy to ethics exercise by giving a basis of information that will arouse professional debate and research on ways to recover its excellence and effectiveness.

Recommendations

Suggestions for Future Research an immediate follow-up to this research needs to be something like a similar study of maybe students' insights of the content and excellence of the ethics exercise that they may have gotten in their graduate marriage and family therapy programs. This will provide some important information regarding what students have been learning as also providing valued response that would regard the validity of future studies.

References

American Psychological Association. (2010, March 3). Retrieved August 3, 2012, from Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.: http://apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx#

Bass, B. & . (2006). Addressing Secrets in Couples Counseling: An Alternative Approach to Informed Consent. The Family Journal,, 77(80), 14.

Butler, H.M.-K. (201). Infidelity Secrets in Couple Therapy: Therapists' Views on the Collision of Competing Ethics Around. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 17(6), 82-105.

Callan, E.J. (2005). An Historical Overview of basic Approaches and Issues in Ethical and Moral Philosophy and Principles: A Foundation for Understanding Ethics in Psychology. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma,, 11(1/2), 11-26.

Cole, E. (2008). Navigating the Dialectic: Following Ethical Rules… [END OF PREVIEW]

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