Ethical Issues Are Now Just Essay

Pages: 13 (4469 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 20  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Those with graduate degrees reported that dual relationships were problematic, where those with less education did not see these relationships as problematic. Secondly, those counselors that were in recovery saw less issues as problematic ethically than those counselors that were not in recovery. The results indicated that individuals who were currently receiving supervision would find multiple relationship behaviors more problematic than those who were not receiving current supervision suggests that continued supervision may be beneficial for substance abuse counselors.

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These findings have implications for mental health counselors. Because substance abuse counseling is a specialization within the broader field, mental health counselors in a variety of settings may work closely with substance abuse counselors as colleagues or fellow members of treatment teams, and may provide them with administrative or clinical supervision. Mental health counselors who are in supervisory or administrative roles can provide opportunities for the counselors in their workplaces to discuss multiple relationships, thus modeling the necessity for thoughtful consideration regarding ethical dilemmas in the workplace. Encouraging practitioners to explore personal issues could be particularly beneficial for employees who are recovering substance abuse counselors and, thus, may have issues similar to those of their clientele. Previous research has emphasized differences among recovering and non-recovering substance abuse counselors (Hollander, Bauer, Herlihy & McCollum).

Essay on Ethical Issues Are Now Just Assignment

Justice & Garland make a distinction in their research between what is considered boundary crossing and a violation. It is explained that it can often be unavoidable to not cross boundaries; an example of this in the text discusses a congregational setting as such a boundary crossing. It is however stated that these boundary crossings can easily shift to a violation if not watched carefully. If the client seeks out to have an intimate relationship with the counselor, or even goes beyond to try to have a more personal relationship with the counselor. This relationship or attempt is considered a violation. As stated previously these boundary crossing can be rather problematic, even more in communities were interaction outside of the therapeutic environment is nearly impossible. The research goes further to express that these boundary crossing are often never easily fixed.

Sexual dual relationships appear to be the most destructive dual relationship issues with counselors and patients. Moleski & Kiselica reported that out of over four thousand mental health professionals asked their opinions on which dual relationships they felt were most destructive, ninety-eight percent replied that they believed that sexual activity with a client before termination of therapy was the most destructive. In the studies utilized in the researcher's article it is reported that 12% of male counselors reported having a sexual relationship with their clients, 3% of women claimed to have sexual relationships with current clients. The tragic cost for the patient of such a relationship may include cognitive dysfunction, sexual confusion, ambivalence, suppressed rage, guilt, depression, psychosomatic disorders, and risk of suicide. Sexual relations with former clients do not elicit the same unanimous concern from professionals in the mental health field.

(Erwin) In his research, he discusses that there are four major determinants of moral behavior; there is moral sensitivity, moral judgment, moral motivation, and moral character. Moral sensitivity is the acknowledgment that your behavior can negatively affect others and can be a violation of moral principles. Moral judgment is an individual's determination of which actions are just. Moral motivation refers to an individual's decision either to attend to the moral action or to ignore it for the pursuit of other matters. Moral character refers to one's ability to implement a moral action. The moral sensitivity of counselor supervisors is the focus of the current investigation.

Confidentiality too can be an ethical issue for counselors. (Aoyagi & Portenga) discussed in their writing that Confidentiality could often be misconstrued. It is explained, that clients need to be informed clearly what they can expect to be private information, and what information may be shared with a third party. In sport & Performance Psychology (SPP), this is often an area of issue, since it is the job of the SPP to inform coaches etc. Of the well being and ability of an athlete. One way to insure that there is no room for miss understanding is to; proactively discuss potential confidentiality concerns and how they can be handled between the parties before the issues ever arises.

(Bodenhorn) All professional counselors are required to abide by the ethical standards of their particular professional organization. In the case of school counselors, this adherence is to the American School Counselor Association ethical standards (ASCA, 2004). Ethical standards are established as a guideline to use and refer to in situations that create dilemmas, defined as "problems for which no choice seems completely satisfactory, since there are good, but contradictory reasons to take conflicting and incompatible courses of action." According to the research that Bodenhorn conducted, solutions to Ethical Problems in Schools model was proposed, referring to the ethical code is one of the first steps. This is then followed by, if necessary, considering the students' chronological and developmental levels; considering the setting, parental rights, and minors' rights; applying moral principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance, justice, and loyalty; determining potential courses of action and their consequences; evaluating the selected actions; consulting; and implementing the chosen course of action. Currently, little empirical evidence is available on the ethical dilemmas faced by school counselors.

(Ward) This research indicated that in the beginning stages of professional education, social workers are taught to recognize clients' right, as well as basic social work values and ethics. When this topic is discussed, in the literature, the fact that confidentiality is important and that it will come up as being a top priority; the article first defines confidentiality as a principle of ethics according to which the social worker or other professionals may not disclose information without the consent of the client. The information that is included in this confidentiality includes the identity of the client, professional opinions about the client, and materials from the client's records. The Social Work Code of Ethics incorporated the concept of confidentiality as one of its initial standards in the first Code of Ethics. The Code of Ethics also addresses two other areas of confidentiality. The first is with colleagues, and the importance of keeping information shared within the context of the professional relationship confidential and respected. The second is in the area of conducting research; participants must have the assurance of not only confidentiality but anonymity, as well.

Did you know that there exceptions to confidentiality? These exceptions as indicated in research can be the cause for confusion on the part of the client, as well as a possible cause of their ethical lines being crossed unintentionally. (Ward) There are times in the course of the client-worker relationship that the client may voluntarily rescind confidentiality. There are other times where confidentiality is not legally binding on the social worker. These circumstances relate to safety of the client or others. Some social workers may never experience a situation were the need to breach confidentiality occurs; others may face this situation on a regular basis. Important issues related to confidentiality include client consent, duty to warn, and privileged communication. Neukrug & Milliken discuss that what can be a problem is that what is considered ethical one year may not be considered ethical the next. Ethical codes are constantly changing to coincide with the changing values of society. Making good ethical decisions is dependent on knowledge of one's code, familiarity with models of ethical decision-making, the cognitive complexity of the counselor, and knowledge of problematic ethical situations.

(Lazovsky) This article focuses on a discussion of confidentiality in Israeli school counselors' professional judgments regarding the decision to maintain or breach confidentiality in an array of school counseling situations. School counselors in Israel are required to have a graduate degree in order to receive a counseling license, and their work, as well as their ethical standards, is quite similar to that of their colleagues in the United States. The literature shows that dilemmas that school counselors must confront in different countries are similar studies regarding student confidentiality issues with minors have been reported in the articles as well. There is minimal empirical evidence available on the ways school counselors actually make decisions about ethical dilemmas involving confidentiality issues. Therefore, this study can be pertinent to school counselors in different parts of the world, by providing additional empirical data that might assist counselors in the ethical reasoning process needed for resolving dilemmas, thus enlarging the body of knowledge from an international perspective as well as enhancing cross-cultural feedback and collaboration.

Truth is there is no cure all in relation to confidentiality. Ward best put it in the article when he explained that, most social workers will confront the issue of substance abuse and addiction in the scope of their practice. Applying the standard confidentiality rules for basic social work practice is not adequate or acceptable when working with substance… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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