Ethical Systems Table Term Paper

Pages: 2 (870 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Ethics

Ethics Table

Q1.Brief definitions of each primary ethical theory

Duty-based ethics: Regardless of consequences, certain moral principles are binding, focusing on duty rather than results or moral obligation over what the individual would prefer to do (Trevino & Nelson, 2007, Chapter 4). In ethics, deontological ethics, or deontology (Greek: deon meaning obligation or duty), is a theory holding that decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering one's duties and the rights of others. Some systems are based on biblical or tenets from sacred texts.

Consequence-based ethics: Ethical choices should be evaluated in light of their likely consequences, not according to inflexible principles. These ethical systems occasionally set parameters as to what are the 'best' consequences to be achieved, like the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people (utilitarianism)

Rights-based ethics: Human beings possess certain inalienable rights as a result of their intrinsic nature that cannot be violated, either by the state or other human beings.

Relativistic ethics: There is no absolute ethical system or intrinsic 'rights' -- everything is defined relatively, and what is considered truth varies widely from society to society, and from era to era.

Human nature ethics: Human nature, as it is environmentally but above all biologically determined, governs what we call 'ethical.' The selfishness or altruism exhibited by humans has genetically and socially evolved and is not the result of externally-imposed moral systems. There is a finite limit to how much human nature can be changed.

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Entitlement-based ethics: All human beings are entitled to certain things, such as an education, healthcare, and basic necessities like food and water.

Virtue-based ethics: Being a 'good person' and a morally sensitive human being enables a person to make good ethical decisions, using both deontological and consequence-based approaches, when necessary.

Q2. Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials.

Term Paper on Ethical Systems Table Assignment

Duty-based ethics: Deontology, pluralism, moral rights, rights-based, categorical imperative, golden rule

Consequence-based ethics: Utilitarianism, situational ethics

Rights-based ethics: Social contract theory, Lockean ethics, inalienable rights

Relativistic ethics: Postmodern ethics, post-structuralism

Human nature ethics: Social Darwinism, common sense

Entitlement-based ethics: Social welfare, freedom 'from' (from hunger and sickness) as well as freedom to do things (like speak freely)

Virtue-based ethics: Platonism or Aristotelian ethics, morality, 'good' character

Q3. Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table.

a. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. Human nature ethics

b. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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