Term Paper: Ethics: Assisted Suicide

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[. . .] The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted weight on medics to help in the suicide in order to save money. Some experts mention in the Post Graduate Therapeutic Journal that, "In the state of Oregon, where the 1997 Death with Dignity Act legalized assisted dying, merely 60% of individuals who get a "deadly" treatment truly use it (Groenewoud, 2009). It is proposed that the information that assisted dying is available may itself aid reassurance and well-being (of the ability to regulate death)" (Kondro, 2012). With a lot of cons and pros on physician-assisted suicide, it is tough to choose how to make an ethical choice on this matter.

The Deontology Argument

When it comes to deontology the conclusion would continue the same as with the utilitarianism standard. Mosser clarifies, "The deontologist contends that we have a responsibility, or a responsibility, to treat other individuals with respect; people have self-respect, and we must take that self-respect into deliberation when handling with them (Ping-cheung, 2010) In allowing an individual tom pick to die with some kind of dignity, we show our admiration to them throughout their final days. On condition that the individual is able to converse that their request is to have a physician aid in end their life the deontologist would state that doctor aided suicide is an ethical exercise. Jack Kevorkian is cited as mentioning "Somebody has to do something for suffering humanity," Kevorkian made the point. "I put myself in my patients' situation. This is something I would do for me." (Friend, 2011). On the other side of the deontology view. The Hippocratic Oath mentions" that when patients are being treating by the doctors they will "First not participate in doing any harm." It goes on to make the point that "I will give no lethal medicine to anyone if neither asked nor propose any such type of counsel." (Colbert, 2013) Physician-assisted suicide is in straight battle with this statement which, when shadowed, has endangered the patient, society physician, and the family, and at the same time has dedicated doctors to human dignity and compassion (Lyness, 2009) If keeping life preserved is the way doctors display human dignity than doctor assisted suicide would be looked at as being immoral.

Virtue Ethics

When utilizing virtue ethics it would have a lot to do with, if the doctors and the dying individual have standing that is moral before the act has begun. If the doctor and the patient are both ethical individuals with good ethical standing the act that they do will have to be an ethical act, nevertheless if either the patient or the doctor are not virtues individuals the act would be looked at as unethical. However, when utilizing virtue ethics the individuals involved portray whether or not the act is considered to ethical not the act itself (Friend, 2011).

When bearing in mind relativism and doctor assisted suicide, a person would have to agree that it is ethically accurate for some and not accurate for others. If the individual's personal beliefs or religion are against suicide than the act of doctor assisted suicide is unethical for them. If the individuals culture feels that assisted suicide is suitable, than it is considered to be ethical (Groenewoud, 2009). Research shows that the relativist would mention that physician-assisted suicide is both immoral and moral depending on the individual involved.

Emotivism makes the point that if a person feels the act is the right thing to do than it will have to ethical, nevertheless if the act gives that person a feeling that is than it must be unethical. Studies also show that with emotivism doctor assisted suicide is merely ethical if a person feels good about it. Studies also show that suicide usually is something that can bring out bad emotions as a result physician-assisted suicide is ethically wrong to the emotivist (Manetta, 2009).

Ethical egoism makes the point that if an individual desires to utilize doctor assisted suicide than it is moral for the reason that it is what they want and what they view as right is ethical for them as well. So if an individual desires to perform physician-assisted suicide, than it would be considered ethical for them (Groenewoud, 2009). If a person makes the choice that doctor assisted suicide is the incorrect choice for them than it is likewise unethical for them.

A lot of the theories, for instance emotivism, ethical egoism relativism, state it is up to the individual and their culture to describe if the act is looked at as moral. In the United States a lot of people think that physician-assisted suicide is a moral act, nonetheless there are a lot of people that believe it is unethical.

Cases Studies

The Velma Howard Case (Assisted Suicide)

Depiction of the case: Mrs. Velma Howard, a 76-year-old woman, was distressed with ALS (Lou Gherig's Disease) and starting to deteriorate quickly. With Lou Gherig's Disease the neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord turned out to be dysfunctional, and the individual gradually misses the aptitude to utilize their muscles, and ultimately dies from suffocation, for the reason that their diaphragm can no longer contract and they can no longer breathe (Lyness, 2009). Mrs. Howard's arms were now wholly not working, and her legs were getting fairly bad also. She started to think about rushing her death, for the reason that the quality of her life was becoming worse every day. After long discussion, she made the choice that she no longer desired to live in the situation she was in. Velma made a three-minute audiotape telling her desires and that she was doing this because it was her wish. The rest of her family and Velma met up at a hotel in Kansa City, Missouri on December 8, 1995. (Ping-cheung, 2010)The following day, with some assistance from the book Final Exit, Velma killed herself.

Days later Velma's son and husband were charged with a class B felony for helping with her suicide. Later, they were indicted for assisting her suicide since prosecutors proved that they provided the woman with the resources she needed, since she could not assign them herself for the reason that her debilitated condition. Furthermore they allegedly assisted her since they must have read Velma's orders, as she could not have detained the book and read them for herself (Friend, 2011). However, the decree, under which the Howard's were detained, was petitioned and touched the second and ninth circuit court of petitions. These courts reigned, "States could not veto assisted suicide for a capable, fatally ill individual." The case was then appealed even further all the way until it landed on the steps of the Supreme Court (Kondro, 2012). The Supreme Court abolished the lower courts choices, and again made assisted suicide unlawful. All through the whole appeals procedure the prosecutor given to the Howard case made the decision to drop the charges and not impeach the Howard'

Peter Williams Case

Peter was an aviator, flying short and long haul, and he had a degree in engineering. Peter was smart, energetic and focused, mentioned his sister Lynne. "That made it extremely hard to escort him to Dignitas nevertheless when someone you love has such a clear goal, you want to give him support." Peter was 63 when he died at Dignitas in July 2012 (Colbert, 2013). Linda, his wife was by his side. "He had liberal supranuclear palsy and had been ill for four or five years," mentions Lynne. "Peter understood that he would have to stand humiliations that he was not ready to go through. Peter selection was to finish his life up under his standings. An unhappy death was not for him." He studied everything about Dignitas and put it together himself. Peter was worried that someone would try to talk him out of it." Peter desired to still be mentally knowledgeable and able to swallow by the time he made it to the clinic. "That was saying that he passed away before he needed to. Peter wanted to be well enough to make the passage.


Also, in the end, laws of people's area really need to be taken into thought.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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