Research Paper: Ethics of Good Business

Pages: 8 (2711 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Healthcare  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] They are also more probable to visit physicians, to get consistent checkups, to take remedy drugs and to have definite chronic illnesses. Nonetheless Marcia D. Greenberger, who is the president of the National Women's Law Center, made the point that the defense was "extremely questionable" since the differences varied significantly from one underwriter to another.

Cost of Procedures

When introduced about 20 years ago, the user fees at the time were anticipated to progress effectiveness, competence, and equity. However, a considerable body of literature has been displaying that when it comes down to different medical procedures, women's cost are far more than the men's are. Waivers and exceptions for the poor also did not help because, along with other reasons, they were difficult to administer. Recent reforms have, therefore, focused on removing user fees for all. Provision of free maternal health care is one of the five key action items in the Global Consensus for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, and some countries have pledged free access to health care.

A lot of the low- and middle-income nations have all recently started to remove their user fees in order to increase uptake. These results are showing that this can have an optimistic influence on application of maternal health care facilities and, in some situations, among the lowliest (Veenstra, G., 2011). The taking away of these fees in Niger in 2006 folded antenatal appointments; in Burundi, the births in hospitals started rise to about 51% and then the amount of cesarean sections are increasing to about 80%; in the nation of Zambia, operation degrees in the government amenities have been increasing by 60% and correspondingly more among those that are poor with no described weakening in the quality of care (Veenstra, G., 2011). In Uganda, elimination of health user fees in the public facilities are increasing utilization of hospital services that are about 84% and the growth was the greatest that was among those that are poor.

But on the other hand if they take away the user fees, than this can have an outcome that does result in unintentional negative penalties, including upsurges in demand that will in return overburden the existing health care systems and then jeopardize the excellence of care that is supposed to be provided (Gruber, S., & Kiesel, M.,2010). What's more, it can result in a surge in illegal payments to deliver inducements to staff, get better service, and then start paying for basic provisions that are if not lacking at the provider level.

These experiences that are suggesting that while the removal of these user fees can start to improve the access that is among the poorest in some situations, the procedures also necessitates planning that is careful to mitigate unintentional negative penalties and to improve competence and efficiency of health care systems that are using good business ethics. Health systems should always be ready for the higher request for services and guarantee passable levels of staffing, obtainability of drugs and medical provisions, and, generally, better financial resources for these determinations from governments and donors and examination of different mechanisms for sponsoring them sustainably and justifiably.

Gender and Research

Even in research, it appears that when it comes down to men and their medical issues, funding appears to go to the women before it will go to the males. While it appears for the rate of diseases like cancers that are specifically affecting women, for example breast cancer, have appeared to go down, the rate of cancers that are affecting men have either continued to be stable or improved. To what degree could this difference be because of the fact that those cancers which are affecting men get significantly less funding than those which are affecting the women? For instance, while prostate and breast cancer have about the same death rates, prostate cancer research does appear to receive far less backing than does research on breast cancer. So, it would only appear fair that more health study and health education dollars need to be consumed on men than it is on women. Nevertheless in the budget of every single federal health agency, more money is being spent on women's health than on the men's. There are more than seven federal health agencies exactly for women. There are not one for men. However, 39 of the 50 states have an office of women's health, only about six of them have one for men. A search of more than 3,000 medicinal periodicals that are listed in Index Medicus which are establish that 23 articles were printed for the health of the woman instead of men. Even though a woman is only 14% more probable to die from breast cancer than a man is from prostate cancer, backing for breast cancer research is roughly 660% greater than backing for prostate cancer research. Even the post office has come into the action: there is just one disease for which you can purchase a stamp price and the proceeds will go to research to treatment for the disease: breast cancer, although heart disease exterminates millions more men impulsively. Before the age of 65, men expire of heart attacks at three times the degree of women.


It is clear that inequity healthcare is becoming a multidimensional concept while at the same time making good business ethics look bad. Men are treated far more better in healthcare when it comes to cost, insurance and research. The ethics are looking bad because it is becoming a false sense of protection for women and those that are not fortunate. Women's low social rank and disempowerment signify a critical measurement of injustices in access and use of maternal health care that is being overlooked every day in program designs and therefore in evaluation of program. More difficult assessments that use both quantitative and qualitative approaches should be lead to recognize and measure diverse causes of unfairness and impact that is among diverse populations. It is vital to detect the differences that are in the up taking among the unfortunate women, and amid the ones that are most disempowered, to actually appreciate whether and how maternal health care programs are speaking to gender and poverty inequality and how to plan them to more successfully accomplish the anticipated influence.


Gruber, S., & Kiesel, M. (2010). Inequality in health care utilization in Germany? Theoretical and empirical evidence for specialist consultation. Zeitschrift Fur Gesundheitswissenschaften, 18(4), 351-365.

Khandekar, R., & Mohammed, A. (2009). Gender inequality in vision loss and eye diseases: Evidence from the sultanate of Oman. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 57(6), 443-9.

MANGALORE, R., KNAPP, M., & JENKINS, R. (2007). Income-related inequality in mental health in Britain: The concentration index approach. Psychological Medicine, 37(7), 1037-45.

McAlister, A.L. (2010). Moral disengagement and tolerance for health care inequality in Texas. Mind & Society, 9(1), 25-29.

RUEDA, S., & ARTAZCOZ, L. (2009). Gender inequality in health among elderly people in a combined framework of socioeconomic position, family characteristics and social support. Ageing and Society, 29(4), 625-647.

Tamambang, L., Auger, N., Lo, E., & Raynault, M. (2011). Measurement of gender inequality in neighborhoods of Quebec, Canada. International Journal for Equity in Health,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Ethics of Good Business.  (2012, April 30).  Retrieved July 22, 2019, from

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"Ethics of Good Business."  30 April 2012.  Web.  22 July 2019. <>.

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"Ethics of Good Business."  April 30, 2012.  Accessed July 22, 2019.