Term Paper: Ethics and Moral Development

Pages: 3 (886 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Ethics  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] S. Mill, presents an altogether different perspective of Janice's dilemma. Since Utilitarianism considers the ethical value of an action or behavior based on its outcome, that is, there is an achievement of greatest happiness for most (or majority) of people. In this theory, collective happiness and satisfaction is considered, and not the individual's benefit only. Thus, since the second situation presented, wherein Janice connives with John to present his program as her own in exchange for a raise in salary and promotion, creates happiness for both Janice and John, then this is the action that Janice must adopt. In effect, using the utilitarian perspective, the ethical thing to do when put in Janice's position is to offer John a raise and promotion in order to benefit from his essential input, the program he created, which she will be using as her "own" work/creation.

The theory of rights-based decision-making takes into account morality, which looks into the adherence/non-adherence of an individual to standard rules of conduct. In this theory, morality comes into play, wherein the individual or decision-maker makes the decision on a situation based on his/her rights to do so. However, in using his/her rights, the individual must also make sure that s/he does not affect or intrude with other people or another individual's rights. In Janice's case, she should not coerce John into cooperating with her 'plan,' on the threat that she would lower his performance evaluations. Option 2, then, is more appealing, wherein Janice and John cooperates with each other, benefiting both of them, as John lets Janice use his program, and Janice, raise John's salary and give him promotion.

The theory of justice-based decision-making considers an action/behavior as moral or immoral based the equality or impartiality of the decision made by the individual vis-a-vis other people's welfare. Under this theory, an individual must base the soundness and morality of his/her decision according to the fairness of the decision / resolution made. In this case, Janice should not coerce John into conniving with her plan; similarly, John should not cooperate with Janice's plan in exchange for a raise in salary and promotion. What should be considered is Janice's boss and the people who will benefit on the program: giving them the proper information on the true author and origin of the program, giving John due credit, and Janice owning up the responsibility of not accomplishing her assigned task properly and immediately are the things that Janice must consider, deciding eventually that honesty is still the best way to alleviate the problem / dilemma she is facing at the moment. [END OF PREVIEW]

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