Essay: Ethics and Morality

Pages: 2 (580 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Business - Ethics  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] The emphasis on filial piety and the need to observe organizational hierarchies within Confucianism arose from a society in which collectivism more than individualism was the predominant value. Ethical systems are often created by a single or several human intelligences, versus the collective creation of a sense of right and wrong that is generated by 'morality.' However, human beings, even philosophers, are inevitably affected by the culture that produced and educated them.

Morality is different from religion: "religion differs from morality or a moral system in that it includes stories about events in the past, usually about supernatural beings, that are used to explain or justify the behavior that it prohibits or requires" (Gert 2011). Religion also differs from ethics in the sense that it uses such events to justify the demands of its followers, versus logic, although ethical systems may be generated from religions traditions. Morality likewise is affected by religion, based upon the life experiences of believers and their cultures.

However, moral codes are not always explicitly stated, unlike ethical codes. For example, in our society it is generally considered wrong to 'cut' someone in line or to offer an official a bribe. However, in other societies, where corruption and fighting for scarce resources is part of life, these actions may be viewed in a less censorious manner. Even though both societies may have ethical systems that deem such actions wrong, the moral actions of most individuals in the societies are profoundly different.

Different moral codes can also coexist in societies. "Many religions condemn homosexual behavior as immoral, but those who hold that morality is primarily concerned with avoiding and preventing harm condemn religious discrimination against homosexuals as immoral" (Gert 2011). Of course, ethical systems can [END OF PREVIEW]

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