Ethics and Morality Stem-Cell Research Is Immoral Research Paper

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Ethics and Morality

Stem-Cell Research is Immoral

Stem cell research is a great debate subject, particularly for government representatives who are seeking reelection. Embryos that are only days old are frozen, and even though they are fertilized and can ultimately be set in a woman and a baby born, there is a discussion as to whether they are thought to be an existence as a frozen embryo and whether it's correct or incorrect to utilize their stem cells (Stem Cell Research: Is it Right or Wrong, 2007). There are four main arguments that show that stem cell research can be considered immoral.

The first argument is that utilization of stem cells from aborted fetuses for study is immoral because an innocent being is murdered in order to use their tissue which goes against humanity. Opponents of stem cell research offer a couple of key protests. The first is that a number of people hold that in spite of its valuable ends, stem cell research is incorrect since it engages the demolition of human embryos; others agonize that even if study on embryos is not incorrect in itself, it will unlock the way to a dicey undulation of dehumanizing processes, such as embryo farms, cloned babies, the utilization of fetuses for extra parts, and the commodification of human existence (Sandel, 2004).Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Research Paper on Ethics and Morality Stem-Cell Research Is Immoral Assignment

A small number of people would quarrel the notion that reverence for human self-respect inflicts assured moral restraints on medical study. The problem is whether the demolition of human embryos in stem cell research is really the murder of humans. The embryo opposition is adamant that it does. For those who hold fast to this outlook, taking out stem cells from a blastocyst is morally correspondent to pulling organs from a baby in order to save other lives. Some found this termination on the spiritual conviction that ensoulment takes place at conception. Others try to guard it with no recourse to faith, on the thinking that each person begins life as an embryo. If people's lives are commendable of reverence, and therefore sacred, merely by asset of humanity, one would be wrong to think that at some younger age or earlier phase of growth people were not commendable of admiration. Unless one can find an authoritative instant in the passageway from conception to birth that symbolizes the appearance of the human being, this dispute declarations, embryos must be regarded as having the same sacredness as completely developed humans (Sandel, 2004).

Gathering the cells from embryos causes the pregnancy to be ended; thus ending the life of a budding human being. Stem cells are a type of human life. They are living and include human DNA. They have an exclusive feature in that they can be persuaded into developing into some or all of the two hundred and twenty cell kinds found in the human body. Of the three kinds of stem cells, embryonic stem cells have the maximum prospective in that they can hypothetically turn out to be any of the two hundred and twenty cell kinds. Adult stem cells are less practical in that they have already begun to specialize and can only turn into one of a few cell kinds. Persuaded pluripotent stem cells are particularly treated cells that can be processed to perform to some extent like embryonic stem cells. Opposition to stem cell research is mostly coming from spiritual and social conservatives who are in addition pro-life. The majority of them think that a pre-embryo from which embryonic stem cells is detached is a human person, and that the procedure of taking the cells kills that person (Stem cell research: All viewpoints, 2010).

Those who rate human life from the moment of conception are opposition to embryonic stem cell research for the reason that the deduction of stem cells from this kind of an embryo necessitates its demolition. It necessitates that a human life be ended. A number of people think this to be the same as putting to death. In opposition to this, embryonic research supporters dispute that the tiny blastocyst has no human traits. New stem cell lines already exist due to the widespread process of in vitro fertilization. Research proponents find that a lot of fertilized human cells have already been stored, but are not being made available for study. Supporters of embryonic stem cell research maintain new human lives will not be fashioned for the solitary reason of experimentation (Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research, 2011).

Adversaries of study on embryonic cells, comprising many spiritual and anti-abortion factions, challenge that embryos are human beings with the similar rights and therefore are permitted to the same safeguards alongside mistreatment as anyone else. They think that life begins at the instant of conception, when a sperm fertilizes an egg, since a distinctive organism has come into being. Therefore the demolition of an embryo is the demolition of a human life. Anti-abortion factions also contest study on stem cells resultant from aborted fetuses. They rebuff the fight that since abortion is legal and women will have them, that stem cells should be utilized from aborted fetuses since they would otherwise go to waste (the Cases for and Against Stem Cell Research, 2001).

If basic human rights such as the right to life are founded on capability or traits that can come into view or vanish, develop or reduce, and be better or slighter in dissimilar human beings, then there are no intrinsic human rights, no true human fairness, only rights for the strapping. Ultimately everyone will expire, but that gives no one a right to kill someone. Our civilization does not allow deadly trials on incurably sick people or condemned prisoners on the ruse that they will shortly die anyhow. Similarly, the reality that an embryonic human being is in danger of being discarded by his or her parents gives no person or government a right to openly kill that human being first (O'Brien, 2008).

The second argument is that stem cell research is used for cloning, which goes against nature. Cloning is a depersonalized manner to replicate, in which people are man-made in the laboratory to predetermined stipulations. It is not a commendable manner to bring a new person into the world. When completed for stem cell study, it entails the moral wrong of all embryonic stem cell research, demolishing a blameless human life for probable benefit to others. There is also an extra wrong in that it generates human beings exclusively in order to murder them for their cells. This is the final diminution of a person to a measly means, to a tool of other people's desires. Grave moral apprehensions about these processes have been elevated by a collection of both spiritual and worldly groups, comprising some who differ from the Catholic Church about abortion. The human cloning ban maintained by the Church has been passes twice by the House of Representatives by a vast bipartisan preponderance. A lot of other nations, including Canada, France, Italy, Germany and Norway, have implemented comparable bans. Those opposed to the design of caring for early human life as a simple thing or product in the laboratory exceeds spiritual and political divisions (Stem Cell Research and Human Cloning, 2008).

The declaration of successful cloning ignited extensive conjecture about a human child being fashioned utilizing somatic cell nuclear transfer. A great deal of the apparent terror that greeted this declaration focused on the misperception that a child or many children could be fashioned that would be the same to an already accessible person. This terror is founded on the notion of genetic determinism, that genes only determine all characteristics of a person, and reflects the idea that a person's genes stand for a straightforward association to the bodily and psychological qualities that make up that person. Even though genes play a necessary role in the arrangement of bodily and behavioral traits, each person is, in fact, the consequence of a compound interaction between their genes and the surroundings within which they develop. However, a lot of the worries about cloning have centered on matters associated with playing God, meddlesome with the ordinary order of life, and in some way robbing a future person of the right to a distinctive uniqueness (Cloning/Embryonic Stem Cells, 2006).

Quite a few groups have found that reproductive cloning of people produces ethical and scientific dangers that civilization should not stand for. In 1997, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission suggested that it was morally improper to try to make a child utilizing somatic cell nuclear transfer cloning and recommended that a suspension be put into place until such a time that security of this method could be evaluated. The commission also warned against preempting the utilization of cloning technology for reasons unconnected to creating a live born child (Cloning/Embryonic Stem Cells, 2006).

Likewise, in 2001 the National Academy of Sciences put out a report affirming that the United States should forbid human reproductive cloning intended at making a child because knowledge with… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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